Doberman friendly to familiar people and animals, very devoted to the family and loves children. He is temperamental and alert. A properly trained dog demonstrates high working qualities, and with great pleasure.
The doberman’s inflated or nervousness is the same myth as his anger. But, like any myth, it has a basis under it. Doberman - a lively energetic dog, sensitively reacting to everything that happens around. The habitat plays a huge role in shaping the character of the puppy. If quarrels and discords are constant in the family, and the owners then express their irritation on the dog, then they are cloyingly affectionate with it, you can be sure that there the dog will grow up an unbalanced animal.
Do not start a Doberman to phlegmatic people who prefer to spend free time in a TV chair, or those who do not have enough time to walk with a dog. Doberman, especially young, needs physical activity and active walks, the lack of which will not only affect the shape of the dog, but also turn into leprosy and importunity at home.
Initially, the Doberman is a balanced dog, and with proper upbringing, readily reveals all the best sides of his soul. It is very pleasant to communicate with a dog that is sensitive to changes in the mood of the owner, to the strict intonation of the voice. Doberman is characterized by a need for work, his enthusiasm is inexhaustible! He is constantly ready to learn something new. Doberman combines obedience and hard work with a protective and combat instinct. His great need for contact, efficiency and enthusiasm for achieving all new goals make almost everything possible for the Doberman!
Doberman - the creature is not only social, but also intellectual, which creates some problems when the owner of this dog becomes, well, to put it mildly, not a very intelligent person. Doberman replayed him easily, and easily becomes a leader in the family. In this case, both sides suffer. The owner, unable to cope with the dog, blames, of course, the breed, and not his inability, and as a result, instead of the joy of communicating with a friend, has constant problems. It turns out like a proverb: "together closely, bored apart." People become attached to the dog, do not want to part with it, but by their inept handling spoil the character of the Doberman and his own life.
Many things have been given to the Doberman, which makes him a dog not for everyone, but at the same time gives him an attractive force that increases the number of his fans in our country and abroad. Doberman is an ideal companion dog: wise, strong, thin and beautiful. This is a dog to be proud of. At home, Doberman attracts with his intelligent manners. When traveling, it is a pleasant and reliable companion. On walks, the Doberman keeps you in his field of vision, showing constant vigilance.
Doberman is good both as a working dog and as a participant in exhibitions, meeting any interests of its owner. In general, the Doberman prefers to be busy with something, since his intellect needs a load.
In general, in the person of a Doberman you will find one of the finest breeds in the world. Respect your dog, be proud of it, love it and enjoy its company!
BEGINNING OF EDUCATION
Doberman training - pure pleasure! He works with hunting, passion and passion. This is one of the main character traits of the Doberman. He is already happy because he did a great job, and his owner is satisfied.
Why do you sometimes have to watch unhappy couples when the Doberman (with his temperament!) Breaks off the leash, looking out for “enemies” around, and the owner makes considerable physical efforts to restrain his pet. Or the dog rushes around, not paying attention to the sad calls of its owner. The answer is simple. Doberman, unlike poetry, does not grow "like a dandelion at the fence." Left to his own devices, devoid of physical and mental stress, the Doberman becomes uncontrollable.
Raising a Doberman puppy
In the first year of his life, the Doberman must determine his place in the pack and recognize the authority of the leader - his master. The dog objectively needs a leader, behind whose back she feels comfortable and comfortable. Yes, a Doberman puppy is fighting for leadership in the family, but winning it ultimately loses. The dog must have a worthy owner, to whom she will obey willingly and joyfully. A puppy, to whom everything is allowed in the house, does not become happier from this. Most likely, he will grow up moody and hysterical. Equal friendly attitude, reasonable exactingness and patience - these are the key to long happy years for both parties.
Doberman is distinguished by intelligence and understanding. These positive qualities can turn into their opposite if the puppy feels that he is the main in the family, that it is not necessary to fulfill the requirements of the owner. Therefore, the main thing in raising and training a puppy is patience and firmness combined with affection.
The charming creature that appeared in your house seems so small and touching that the process of education is often postponed until the time “when the dog begins to understand something.” Unfortunately, in this case, the owner begins to "understand something", namely, that the Doberman is smart and smart, and makes perfect use of all the weaknesses of family members. So the process of education should begin from the first days of the baby's stay in the new house.
If you think the dog should be your friend, you are absolutely right. But friendship does not exclude the fact that a leader, i.e. the main thing in the family must still be the owner. The dog belongs to the category of pack animals, so if you do not become a leader, someone else will take up the vacated space. It is easy to guess that it will be someone very quick-witted, with a short tail and hair. A third is simply not given.
It was necessary to observe cases when a person chose a dog of this breed, based on observation of the behavior of adult, well-mannered Dobermans. Of course, this is a very beautiful sight: a powerful, beautiful dog, constantly looking in love with its owner and fulfilling any of his commands. When their own puppy did not automatically grow up an intelligent and obedient dog, they were extremely disappointed: “After all, he must obey me!” Not! This we must lay in our puppy the foundations of a proper community, not sparing for this time and effort. Only then doberman will reveal all the best sides of his nature.
BASIC RULES OF EDUCATION
Doberman Education Rules
The first is persistence and gradualness.
Having said something, you need to get the puppy to do it. Worst of all from the point of view of education is inconsistency in requirements. Suppose your little charming Doberman so funny asks for something tasty when you have dinner, that all members of the family no, no, and give him something. Finally, you firmly decide to "stop this disgrace." At first, everyone behaves as agreed, but for some reason the puppy does not believe in your firmness. He continues his attempts to beg for something with a vengeance, until someone, unable to stand it, pokes him a piece.
Thus, a negative connection is established between the word "no", perseverance and reward. From your point of view, you may have taken a step forward, as gave the puppy not ten pieces, but only one. From the dog’s point of view, the opposite is true: if you stubbornly ignore commands, you can always achieve your goal. It turns out that you have encouraged behavior that you yourself consider unacceptable.
Rule two - endless patience. You explained to the puppy what to do and how, and he continues to behave in his own way. Well, then you have to achieve your goal by repeating the exercise over and over again.
The same applies to prohibitions. Let's say you forbid a puppy to sit by the table when the family is having lunch. He already understood this, but he had to try, what if the ban doesn’t work this time? The patience of a Doberman puppy is endless, he is ready to check again and again the firmness of your inhibitions. In this competition, you should show no less patience when explaining to your puppy that “no” means exactly “no” and not “maybe”.
The third rule is logic and consistency from the point of view of the puppy, not your own. You must learn to put yourself in the place of your friend and predict his reactions.
A lively and active Doberman, especially during forced sitting in four walls, can cause a lot of trouble. Either he gnaws at the legs of a chair, then he drags off slippers. It is possible to punish a puppy only in certain situations, namely at the time of the commission of the "crime". Punishment after some time after an undesirable action is not only ineffective, but also harmful. The puppy does not associate his misconduct with punishment and resents injustice.
The fourth (but perhaps most important) rule is emotional contact with the puppy.
The owner is not only the person who feeds, teaches, encourages and punishes. It should be interesting and joyful for the puppy to be with the owner, who is his best friend and game organizer. This is the only way to easily switch to training, which will become not a burden and coercion, but a joyful occupation. This means that during the walks the owner’s task is not to spend time communicating with the owners of other animals, but to play with the puppy, controlling his behavior and fixing in his mind the model that is good and fun near the owner. Yes, we must provide the puppy with the opportunity to communicate with other dogs, play and run with them, but still the owner is the best and favorite partner.
HOW TO AVOID ERRORS IN EDUCATION
We walk with the puppy
Typical mistake raising a puppy inexperienced owners is that they go about their business on a walk, and then call the puppy to take him on a leash and go home. The Doberman is generally prone to the formation of associative ties, so the approach to the owner for him quickly begins to associate with an unpleasant moment: the end of the walk. After that, such an owner wants his Doberman to learn the command “to me”, but he will certainly encounter difficulties in approaching. But the team “to me” is the most important team that determines the obedience of the dog and, in the future, ensures its safety.
And here is another model of behavior. During walks, starting from a very young age, you need to suspect a puppy several times, encourage it (by voice, stroking and, from time to time, a treat) and offer an interesting lesson, for example, playing a ball. Then, in the mind of the little Doberman, the idea is gradually laid down that the approach to the owner is a good thing. When he comes up again at the call of the owner, after praise and refreshments, you can say something like: "Well done, now it's time to go home." In this case, going home will be perceived by the puppy in a completely different way.
Bonding - how to deal with it?
Another problem that Doberman owners often encounter while walking is barking. Doberman is a very temperamental dog, who is interested in everything. I want to go see, but still a little scary. And, therefore, first the puppy runs to the object that interests him, but halfway stops, takes a formidable look, and can begin to bark. When the puppy is on a leash, his reaction is even more pronounced.
What to do in such cases? To ignore (they say, he is still small, then he will pass by himself) - it’s wrong, unwanted barking will become a habit with the Doberman. If you, trying to calm a little puppy, start stroking it, and even treat it tasty, you will thereby encourage and reinforce unwanted behavior.
The recipe is as follows. It is necessary to divert the attention of the baby, get the toy and run away with it in the opposite direction. The same actions can be performed by walking with a dog on a leash. Your baby will quickly understand that if something or someone appears, do not pay attention to it, because at any moment an interesting toy may appear in the hands of the owner.
Raising a Doberman
In all education and training classes, there must always be praise in the foreground - positive motivation. Coercion often confirms the failure of the educator. With continuous pressure, only conflicts are programmed in the Doberman. A German shepherd can perhaps develop obedience and submission through coercion. With a Doberman, it just won’t be so easy!
If the dog does something wrong, it is worth correcting it using intonation and mechanical impact (leash jerk, etc.) And, as soon as the puppy began to correctly execute your command, praise is obligatory.
Puppies (and adult dogs) are very sensitive to intonation, so when disobedient it is enough to just speak in a strict and firm voice, but not to scream. Just “not noticing” the puppy is a serious punishment that can be effectively used in the upbringing process. An emotional reaction to all “good deeds” of a puppy is also important. When doing a Doberman, it is important to organize a lesson correctly, alternating work and rest. A long routine and dull waiting is not for the temperamental Doberman.
Learning always, learning everywhere
The extraordinary mind of a Doberman allows him to easily determine those situations in which disobedience, in his opinion, "will get away with it." He easily understands the difference between a training ground and the usual place of walking. Often, inexperienced owners believe that the education of the Doberman will be successful if they, along with the pet, attend the training courses once a week. But what about daily training at home and while walking?
A knowledgeable Doberman under the guidance of an instructor will easily learn a lesson, but will he listen in real conditions, and not in a confined space of a training ground? If we deal with the dog only once a week, we will develop an undesirable stereotype for the dog: here, on the training ground, we work, and in other places we walk and have a good time. Repeatedly had to watch the Dobermans, which the owners took out of the car on a short leash, with effort led to classes, and during the break they were afraid to let go and play. Even if such a Doberman passes the exam, is that the purpose of training? Only daily repetitions of the past in different places, first in quiet corners without distracting factors, and then in the presence of other animals, people, etc. really lead to success and allow you to raise a pet that you can be proud of.
A little bit about heredity
And finally, the last. There is such a science - genetics. Today we know that shyness and cowardice in dogs, as well as aggressiveness, are largely determined by the hereditary factor. Correct upbringing can largely compensate for mental defects, but isn’t it better to deal with a friendly dog, with confident, balanced behavior? With proper selection, individuals with a defective psyche should be excluded from breeding, but in real life this does not always happen.