Unfortunately, pets, like people, are prone to various health problems. In adult dogs, diseases of the genitourinary system often develop. Especially often in dogs diagnosed with inflammation of the prostate gland. After reading today's article, you will learn how to recognize and treat prostatitis in a dog.
What is the prostate gland?
This is an organ located in the genitourinary tract and the neck of the bladder. It has a rounded shape and consists of two lobes. The prostate performs several important functions. So, the prostate gland in dogs is responsible for the timely closure of the opening of the bladder during ejaculation and for the production of seminal fluid.
In the body of any healthy animal, this secret is constantly synthesized. Therefore, it is excreted from the canine organism not only during ejaculation, but also during urination.
What is prostatitis?
This term refers to the inflammatory process that occurs in the prostate gland. It can be caused by hormonal imbalance, decreased immunity, infections, injuries, freezing and circulatory disorders in the pelvic organs.
In the prostate gland there is a large number of excretory ducts that open on the mucous membrane of the urethra and create favorable conditions for transcanalicular entry of pathogens.
Prostatitis in a dog can occur in acute and chronic form. In the first case, the disease is accompanied by pronounced symptoms and in the absence of proper treatment leads to serious consequences. The chronic form proceeds more calmly. In this case, the animal does not experience severe pain.
It is reliably known that prostatitis in a dog does not have a breed predisposition. As a rule, it develops in males who have reached the age of seven. But at the same time, inflammation can occur in younger dogs. And sometimes veterinarians diagnose prostatitis even in puppies.
This disease can be triggered by the action of many different factors. Often it develops as a result of improper treatment of a bacterial or viral infection. Also, the cause of prostatitis can be a genital injury or uncontrolled intake of hormonal drugs that have not been prescribed by a veterinarian. The appearance of this problem often leads to a decrease in immunity, the presence of excess weight and a lack of motor activity.
In some cases, inflammation of the prostate gland results from an individual predisposition and lack of hygiene. This disease can develop on the background of colitis, urethritis or proctitis.
Symptoms of prostatitis in dogs
As a rule, the presence of this disease can be recognized by the quality of urination. But, as in people, it proceeds in an acute and chronic form.
In the first case, the animal becomes lethargic, begins to refuse food and stops playing. The dog sleeps almost constantly, her body temperature rises and her weight decreases. In the acute form of prostatitis, the dog has a violation of sexual function. During walks, he moves with great care, trying to walk as little as possible. Many animals have constant pain in the spine and discomfort in the groin area.
Chronic inflammation of the prostate is less pronounced. With it, the animal does not experience loss of appetite or weight loss. In this case, the dog rarely has a slight increase in body temperature and there are certain difficulties with urination.
Nature of the disease
The prostate gland is located in the area of the neck of the bladder and urogenital canal.
- ejaculate production
- closing the bladder opening during ejaculation.
The prostate gland in dogs has a round shape and lobed structure. The process of ejaculate production in the body of a healthy animal is ongoing. The secret is excreted not only during ejaculation, but also with urine during urination.
Inflammation of the prostate gland can indicate a number of diseases, so it is not easy to diagnose.
Diseases accompanied by inflammation of the prostate gland, or causing it:
- paraprostatic cysts,
- benign prostatic hyperplasia,
- purulent abscess of the prostate,
- neoplasms in the prostate,
- prostate metaplasia.
They can cause prostatitis in a dog or accompany it, complicating the course of the disease.
Forms of the disease and their symptoms
Like all diseases, prostatitis in dogs can occur in two forms: chronic and acute.
The acute form is characterized by a sharp deterioration in the animal’s health. The following symptoms appear:
- temperature increase up to 40 ° C,
- nausea and vomiting,
- loss of appetite,
- difficulty stool
- the release of blood from the urethra,
- strong pain, constraining movements,
- frequent urination at night or during the day,
- lack of urination.
In acute prostatitis, you must show the dog to the veterinarian for diagnosis and treatment.
Chronic prostatitis does not have pronounced symptoms. Sometimes the dog may feel mild pain when urinating, but outwardly it is invisible. Otherwise, the dog's condition is satisfactory, nutrition and mood remain normal.
Chronic prostatitis is dangerous because it is very difficult to detect in the early stages. It can only be diagnosed with systematic examinations by a veterinarian and tests.
Diagnosis of a chronic disease is difficult due to the absence of alarming symptoms. For an accurate diagnosis, other diseases in the dog must be excluded: cystitis, tumors, and so on.
Diagnostic methods for chronic and acute prostatitis:
- palpation of the prostate gland,
- urine and blood tests,
- ultrasound procedure,
- rectal examination of the gland,
- symptom analysis.
Properly performed diagnostics and prescribed treatment are the key to a speedy recovery of the pet.
In the absence of treatment, the acute form of prostatitis flows into a chronic, therefore, measures must be taken as soon as possible.
Typically, the veterinarian prescribes the male a course of antibiotic therapy for 3 weeks.
The drug is prescribed on the basis of test results - depending on which pathogens caused the inflammatory process.
With concomitant symptoms, the dog is prescribed treatment with hormonal, antipyretic and analgesic drugs.
At the end of the course of treatment, it is necessary to retake the tests. Based on their results, a decision will be made to discontinue or continue therapy.
After recovery, the dog should be re-examined no later than six months later. If necessary, another drug is prescribed.
Chronic prostatitis is much more difficult to treat than acute. If relapses are frequent, the veterinarian may suggest castrating the dog. The feasibility of such a measure should be discussed with the veterinarian in each individual case.
When diagnosing a rupture of a gland abscess, an urgent operation is necessary, while no one can guarantee success.
The treatment of prostatitis in dogs in acute form leads to recovery by the 12th day with proper care.
The initial stage of the disease can be treated at home under the supervision of a veterinarian, but in more complex cases, therapy is carried out in a clinic.
To prevent the development of prostatitis in a male dog, it is necessary to remember the rule: all diseases of the genitourinary system should be treated as soon as possible, before they lead to more serious complications.
Prostatitis prevention measures:
- timely treatment of all diseases,
- regular walks in the fresh air,
- scheduled knitting
- maintaining the hygiene of the genitals of the dog,
- good nutrition
- castration of dogs with a predisposition to prostatitis, or in the absence of the ability to conduct regular mating.
Preventive examinations of the dog will help to detect and eliminate the problem in time, so visit the veterinarian at least once every six months.
If one or more alarming symptoms of prostatitis occur, it is best to consult a doctor immediately. This will help to save the animal not only health, but also life.
Signs of prostatitis in a dog
Clinical signs of prostatitis may vary depending on the severity of the infection process and whether the disease is acute or chronic.
Typical signs of prostate diseases are:
- painful infertile urination and bowel movements (tenesmus),
- discharge from the urethra,
- difficult bowel movements, the stool may be in the form of a tape,
- lack of appetite,
- drowsiness, weakness,
- blood in the urine
- lameness and weakness of the hind legs,
- fever (fever)
- weight loss,
- infertility in breeding males.
If your pet encounters one or more of the symptoms described, show it to your veterinarian.
Other prostate diseases in dogs
Prostate diseases that have similar symptoms include:
- Prostate abscess - is an isolated "pocket" formed within the prostate gland, containing leukocytes, bacteria and cell breakdown products. Abscesses can occur during chronic infection, can reach significant sizes and cause compression of the colon and urethra. Animals experience painful tenesmus when they defecate or urinate. The general condition of the sick dog is usually unsatisfactory,
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) - BPH is the most common form of prostatomegaly (an increase in the size of the prostate gland), is found in almost all age-related uncastrated males, which is due to an increase in the number and size of prostate cells under the influence of normal hormonal levels,
- Prostate cysts
- Prostatic neoplasia(prostate cancer). Clinical manifestations of prostatic neoplasia can mimic chronic prostatitis, although animals with prostate neoplasms usually have a systemic decline in well-being, and there is a history of weight loss. Prostate tumors are almost always malignant, the most common type of tumors are adenocarcinomas and transitional cell carcinoma. Unlike most other prostate diseases, prostate cancer occurs in approximately the same frequency in intact and neutered dogs. In castrated males with significant prostatomegaly, prostate neoplasms should be considered as the main of the possible diagnoses. A prostate biopsy can differentiate chronic prostatitis from neoplasia,
- Squamous cell metaplasia of the prostate - This is a change in the prostate gland due to elevated levels of estrogen in the blood. The main cause of squamous metaplasia is estrogen-producing tumors (sertoliomas).
What is prostatitis in dogs
Simply and briefly, prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland in a dog. Do not be surprised at the familiar name, because prostatitis occurs in males.
Prostatitis is dangerous for the animal primarily because sexual function and urination are impeded, which in the future can lead to a complete failure of the kidneys of the animal.
Types of prostatitis in dogs: acute and chronic prostatitis
It is difficult to independently diagnose chronic prostatitis without the help of a veterinarian. Typically, externally, chronic prostatitis is expressed in difficulty urinating the animal. Unfortunately, there are usually no other signs.
Acute prostatitis is much easier to recognize. In acute prostatitis, the temperature in the animal is usually elevated (about 40 degrees), the animal shows lethargy, refuses to move without special need. The fever of the dog may be accompanied by vomiting.
Most often, with the acute form of prostatitis, one can observe the following picture: the animal often asks for a toilet, but when walking, urination is very weak and difficult, and in some cases almost absent. If an acute form of prostatitis is suspected, treatment should be started immediately.
Dog prostatitis treatment
Most often, antibiotics are used to treat prostatitis in dogs. The use of antibiotics is justified, as it prevents the occurrence of a chronic form of prostatitis in an animal.
General rules of treatment are as follows:
1) you must visit a veterinary clinic and take blood and urine tests of the animal,
2) after receiving the test results, proceed with antibiotic treatment together with other pain-relieving drugs, while it is worth knowing that usually the course of treatment should last about three weeks,
3) re-take blood and urine tests of the animal in order to diagnose the success of the course of treatment,
4) in case of successful treatment, it is worth passing repeated tests in six months, in case of unsuccessful treatment, it is worth trying to treat the animal with other drugs.
It should be noted that young individuals recover much faster in the treatment of prostatitis.
If all the measures taken for treatment did not give the desired result, then there will be only one way out - this is castration.
Iposan - a popular drug for treating prostatitis in dogs
Do not immediately rush into all serious and try to treat the animal with antibiotics. It is worth trying for the first time gentle treatment.
If you want to try the conservative treatment of prostatitis in a dog, then a hormonal drug called Iposan is best suited for this purpose.
Using the drug will avoid expensive surgery or castration of the animal. The standard course of treatment with the drug is only a week, which will require only one package of the drug of the required dosage.
As a result of the use of the drug Iposan, the prostate gland in an animal is halved due to the active ingredient of the drug - osaterone acetate.
Ipozan can be purchased both in the network of retail pharmacies in your city, and in online stores, for example, in the doctor’s veterinary pharmacy “Doctor Dog” using the direct link https://doktorpes.ru/katalog/ipozan/.
The price of Ipozan usually starts at 3,000 rubles.
What is prostatitis, its causes
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland. This is an important organ involved in sexual function and reproduction. It affects the quality and quantity of sperm.
The prostate gland belongs to the pelvic organs and is adjacent to the urethra of the dog. This disease has two forms:
- Acute, which develops quickly and is clearly manifested.
- Chronic, characterized by a long course with blurred, not always noticeable signs.
Most often, chronic prostatitis occurs in an older dog.It can be a consequence of a neglected acute condition, hormonal imbalances in the body, an imbalance caused by aging, injuries and inflammation of the urogenital canal in a male dog.
Diseases of the genitourinary system play a serious negative role, especially if they were not given enough attention, and the treatment was superficial or was not carried out at all. In this case, the condition of a sick animal can be very serious, especially for males at a respectable age.
The disease not only inhibits sexual function, but also affects the entire body of the dog.
When examining an animal, acute prostatitis is not the only problem. The dog has abscesses of the prostate gland, inflammation of the penis or preputial sac and other health difficulties. Possible ascending infection with damage to the bladder, ureters and kidneys, which threatens even more serious consequences for the animal.
The main cause of the development of pathology is considered to be an inflammatory process in the prostate gland associated with hormonal imbalances. Colds and hypothermia play a minimal role.
Symptoms of the disease
If the signs of prostatitis in dogs appeared only with age, diagnosing it would be much easier. But this disease can appear in the puppy, and in the full strength of the young dog, and in the old dog.
If the prostate gland is inflamed, the symptoms of prostatitis in dogs are related to the type of disease. The lack of a clear picture can make diagnosis difficult. If there is chronic inflammation of the prostate gland in dogs, its course may be accompanied by mild soreness and slight urination or bowel movements, which can be ignored.
Signs of prostatitis are the following:
- Apathetic state, refusal to communicate and play.
- Fever caused by fever. Inflammation of the prostate in dogs can lead to subfebrile condition or a sharp increase in temperature, which will negatively affect the general well-being and behavior of the animal.
- From the prostate, the secret is directly removed to the urethra, so the presence of blood or pus in the urine can indicate the development of inflammation.
- The body can respond to the disease with digestive disorders - nausea, vomiting, or constipation.
- Gonadal inflammation in most dogs causes impaired gait due to soreness.
Such manifestations and forms in acute prostatitis make owners think that there are problems with the urogenital system of the dog. Only at the veterinarian will they find out the true cause of the pet's malaise.
Signs of a severe form of the disease
The severity of the problem may be indicated by the appearance of blood discharge from the urethra and false prerequisites for the act of defecation. Also, severe prostatitis is easily recognized by frequent trips to the toilet, during which only a few drops of urine are released.
The severity of the disease is often indicated by the weakness and swelling of the hind limbs, as a result of which the dog is constantly lying. Often, a severe form of inflammation of the prostate gland is accompanied by constipation, nausea, vomiting, and dehydration of the animal’s body.
At the slightest suspicion of prostatitis in the dog, the animal must be shown to the veterinarian. An experienced specialist will examine the dog and prescribe a number of additional studies. In the process of determining the exact diagnosis, it is important to completely exclude the presence of cystitis, tumors and other health problems.
During the first visit, the veterinarian should collect an anamnesis, make an ultrasound, palpate and rectal examination of the prostate gland. To prescribe an effective medicine for prostatitis in dogs, the doctor will write out directions for additional examinations. An accurate diagnosis is made on the basis of a biochemical and clinical blood test. In some cases, a cytological examination of the seminal fluid may be required. Sometimes it is not possible to do without a contrast x-ray of the pelvic organs and an aspiration biopsy.
How to treat prostatitis in dogs?
The therapy of this disease is aimed at stopping the inflammatory process, relieving pain, stabilizing the general condition and restoring the functioning of the prostate gland.
As a conservative treatment, infusion solutions, immunostimulants, antispasmodics, antibacterial and hormonal drugs are usually prescribed. Physiotherapy, antiviral and anti-inflammatory drugs are quite successfully used for these purposes.
Antibiotics for prostatitis in dogs are prescribed for a sufficiently long period. Their choice is based on the results of laboratory studies and only after assessing the sensitivity of the animal's body to certain drugs. When prescribing antibiotics, it is important to first make sure that it is able to penetrate the prostate gland. With prostatitis, agents that are highly soluble in lipids and poorly bound by proteins are very effective. This group includes enrofloxacin and chloramphenicol. Ampicillin, aminoglycosides and tetracyclines are hardly soluble in lipids. Therefore, their use is completely ineffective.
Antibiotics are administered intravenously for infectious prostatitis in dogs. To eliminate the problem caused by pathogenic microorganisms, drugs with a wide spectrum of action are often used. For more successful treatment and consolidation of the results obtained, the animal is prescribed immuno-strengthening agents aimed at the speedy recovery of a weakened body.
If conservative therapy was ineffective, then the dog is sent for castration. Such an operation is performed under general anesthesia and helps to prevent the terrible consequences of the disease.
Like any other ailment, prostatitis in dogs, the treatment of which should be carried out under the supervision of a veterinarian, can be prevented. To prevent this problem, you need to adhere to several basic recommendations. First of all, you need to monitor the body weight of your pet and feed him the right and well-balanced food.
It is equally important to provide the dog with regular long walks, during which the dog will be able to run and throw out the accumulated energy. Also, hypothermia should not be allowed.
It is advisable to regularly prevent urinary infections and systematically show the animal to a veterinarian. If the dog is constantly used for breeding, then basic safety and hygiene rules must be observed. If the male does not knit regularly, then it is recommended to be neutered in a timely manner. This simple operation is carried out no earlier than six months of age. It is considered a good prevention of many diseases of the genitourinary system. With its help, the development of prostatitis and even oncology can be avoided.