Dogs with long flowing hair are perhaps the most spectacular among other dog breeds. However, the hair of these breeds of dogs requires a longer and more gentle care. Shih Tzu Long Hair Care is provided with a brush with long metal teeth and a comb. You should comb the strand after strand with all possible care, just like a hairdresser treats long and smooth hair. For each combing, it is necessary to use special sprays for combing the felted wool, tangles and to prevent tangling of the wool.
Koltuns should be thoroughly untangled even before the dog is in the water. The operation to unravel previously missed koltuns should be completely completed, and it is absolutely painless during the final stage - drying and combing. Cutting the tangles should be done only in case of emergency
White dogs. Requires special mention. If on a black or red dog small changes in the shade of the coat are not noticeable, then it is quite difficult to make a white dog for the show snow-white. In order for the dog to acquire a bright white coat color, it is often enough to bathe with a special shampoo for white dogs. But a gray or brown mustache, brown drips under the eyes (tear stone), brown spots under the tail and on the legs do not spoil anyone like a white dog
It is believed that leaks under the eyes can be associated with high acidity or some metabolic disorders. In order to remove them, it is necessary to balance the dog’s nutrition and regularly use special products designed to remove lacrimal paths and redness on the coat (due to licking). It is necessary to wash the hair daily on the face of the Shih Tzu and paws with a bleaching shampoo with the addition of lemon juice.
Separately, about bathing. The water temperature should be slightly higher than the body temperature of the dog (approximately 39 ° C). Shampoo containing insecticides is recommended only in the presence of fleas. Rinse off the shampoo as thoroughly as possible, otherwise the remaining alkali may cause skin irritation. Much depends on the hardness of the water. If you have a small dog, then do not be too lazy to boil water. It will become softer, and you yourself will notice how much better the coat looks after bathing in soft water. Wash the dog with a mild shampoo for dry hair, rinse it well and then apply a small amount of pre-diluted oily balm (with mink oil or vitamin E) to the coat. Then the dog is wrapped in a towel, blotted water (it is impossible to rub the coat), a hairdryer is dried under a stream of warm air so as not to “dry” the skin and hair and make it brittle. After bathing, you should not leave the dog soaring in towels for a very long time, regular drying with a hot hairdryer also harms the coat. Wool does not like overheating and begins to fall out. During washing, it is very convenient to examine the anal glands, which are located on both sides of the anus. The secret contained in them is quite thick, dark in color. The anal glands should be cleaned of their contents by easily pressing on them with the soaped forefinger and thumb, since overflow of the anal glands leads to inflammation, and in the future it can cause itchy abscesses.
Another care a dog needs is regular care for his eyes, claws, teeth, ears. Claws need to be trimmed weekly, better after bathing, when they are softer. This is done with special claw cutters. If you allow the claws to grow themselves, as God puts them on the soul, and expect that the dog will grind them on the asphalt, then do not be surprised when your dog's claws crack and delaminate along. In all dogs, it is imperative to check the claw on the fifth finger on the forepaws. It is located on the inside of the paw, slightly above the other fingers. The claw on this finger itself is not erased, it can break, twist into a ring. No need to wait for the dog to nibble it itself - it is better to trim it in time.
Every 3-4 weeks after bathing, you should do your ears. It is necessary to pluck the hair inside the ear canal. This is done with long tweezers or thumb and forefinger, while it is necessary to pre-treat the ear canal. To begin, apply chlorhexidine or gel to clean the ears on a cotton pad and gently clean the ear canal of the dog. Then a special ear powder is poured into the dried ear canal. It is sold at pet stores (eg, Biogroom, “8 in 1 ″). It contains boric acid and antiseptics, which reduce the sensitivity of the ear to the pinching procedure, as well as disinfect the ear canal during the procedure. Next, we begin to carefully remove hair from the ear canal in the direction of their growth. Most likely, this procedure will not be accepted by your pet with enthusiasm. To begin, start accustoming your dog to plucking hair from the ears gradually - remove a few hairs for the first time, the second time more and so on. Over time, your dog will get used to this procedure, and hair in the ear canal will grow in smaller quantities. If you have a dog with a predominant light color, then as a final procedure for caring for your ears (or after bathing), it is recommended to sprinkle a small amount of special ear powder around the base of the ear. This will help remove brown stains on the hair around the ears of the animal.
Teeth, like claws, need regular care. They are recommended to be cleaned weekly while bathing the dog. To do this, use a special toothpaste for dogs, because the dog can have a disorder from toothpaste for people. In addition, dog toothpastes usually smell very attractive to dogs - there are pastes, for example, with a meat smell. This will turn the procedure not too pleasant for the dog into a tolerable one. To clean teeth, Shih Tzu uses a soft small toothbrush for small dogs and small teeth. There is a simpler, albeit less reliable way to brush your teeth. A teaspoon of soda and a teaspoon of salt are added to a glass of boiled water. Wrap a bandage around your finger and, wetting this mixture, rub your teeth and gums. Give your dog special chewing sticks daily for brushing your teeth and removing tartar. In addition to regular brushing, you can give your dog tomatoes, tomato paste, or tomato juice as a preventative measure.
Dental care will save the dog from the unpleasant odor from the mouth and prevent the appearance of tartar, which is dangerous in that it forms in the gums. Growing, he puts pressure on the gums, they become inflamed and bleed. The teeth begin to stagger and fall out. And healthy teeth are the proper digestion and longevity of the dog. The formation of tartar can be associated with improper feeding, and maybe with the individual characteristics of the body. If your dog has already formed tartar, we recommend that you contact a veterinary clinic to remove tartar. It is advisable to remove tartar not by mechanical means, but by ultrasound to prevent damage to the enamel on the teeth.
We recommend watching videos of the Expert Speaking Informational Video Magazine dedicated to caring for a dog and removing tartar from Shih Tzu.
But the most important thing for the health of your pet, regardless of the type of coat, size of the dog, its character, gender and appearance, is the owner’s concern for the health of the dog. And it depends, first of all, on competent care. Each owner of a dog, taking responsibility for the life and health of a living creature, should do everything in his power to make his pet's life long and happy.
Features of the appearance of the breed
Shih Tzu (the photo clearly shows the appearance) - is rightfully considered one of the oldest domestic dogs. Almost until the beginning of the last century, this breed was imperial property, and only over the past 100 years it began to spread throughout the world. Researchers of the genetic characteristics of the dog find distant kinship with the Pekingese and Lhasa apso breed. At the same time, there are versions that Shih Tzu is, on the contrary, the progenitor of many breeds, being the oldest representative of domestic animals.
Translated from Chinese, the name of the breed sounds like a lion. There is a kind of symbolism in this: it is a real little lion cub with a chic mane and characteristic habits in which royal greatness is felt. Another popular name for the dog (“chrysanthemum dog”) has another feature: the location of the hair on the face resembles a blooming chrysanthemum. In other words, this small adorable creature was not in vain considered an imperial dog - it is simply magnificent.
Shih Tzu Hair Care and Dog Show
Shih tzu puppy always causes emotion and sincere delight. It’s worth picking up this fluffy miracle on your hands, looking into his devoted and clever eyes and that’s all! You just do not want to let go of this little bundle of happiness and tenderness! However, before deciding to buy a Buddha dog, you first need to answer your own question - "Will I have the patience, desire and strength to ensure proper care for shih tzu?"
Keeping dogs of this breed, on the one hand, is easy and enjoyable. And all of their balanced nature, cheerful disposition and good learning. And on the other hand, the luxurious shih tzu wool and the special structure of the muzzle require increased attention from its owner and take more time.
In general, caring for Shih Tzu is not much different from keeping any other dog. She also needs attention and communication with the owner. You will also have to take care of her health, get vaccinated, and prevent parasites. And of course, feed, educate and walk properly. We will focus on the special, pedigree nuances of care that excite every owner of this oriental beauty.
How to comb shih tzu?
Caring for shih tzu with long hair involves combing it at least once every 2-3 days. But some breeders do this daily. Every day you have to comb the dog and you during the first molt of the pet. The fact is that at this time, the doggie’s wool is especially quick to be chopped and confused.
It would seem that such a thing! He took a comb and scratch his health! However, in the case of Shih Tzu, things are not so simple. First, you need a good comb. And not one. Most often they use a high-quality massage brush and a metal comb with long teeth (preferably double-sided, with different tooth frequencies).
It is best to start combing shih tzu from the hind legs. Do it neatly, lock by lock. First from the bottom up, then in the opposite direction. It will be more convenient if the dog is lying on its side. All koltunov need to be disassembled by hand. In the end, be sure to walk along the wool with a comb. He will help you make sure that there are no tangles and tangles on the combed area.
Next, also comb the front paws and stomach. We pay special attention to the armpits. After that, put the dog, separate the hair on the back and comb it from top to bottom. Some get used to doing this when the doggie lies. Of course, it will be more comfortable for the pet.
The next stage is the head. Here it is important to properly comb the hair behind the ears. it is in this place that she often peck. As for the direction of combing, the main reference point for you will be the depression in the nose of the dog. All wool located above it is scratched in an upward direction, respectively, all that is lower - down. Do not forget to evenly divide the mustache and also comb them down.
If the pet has a lot of tangles, then they must either be disassembled by hand or cut off. And what definitely should not be done is to bathe a dog with tassels. So you only worsen the situation, and then the only way out is a short haircut shih tzu. But remember that even a haircut does not completely cancel the combing of the dog, but makes it simpler and not so long.
Eye and ear care
A short muzzle and large expressive eyes are the highlight of the breed, but at the same time an increased risk factor. Therefore, from the first days, make it a rule to inspect the eyes of the ward daily. Wipe them with special lotions.
Moderate lacrimal paths are the norm for shih tzu. To make them as small as possible, always remove hair from the eyes, tie ponytails (top notes) on the head, and possibly on the dog’s mustache. Also monitor your pet’s diet. Increased tearing is often the result of food allergies or metabolic disorders.
Have the dog’s eyes become red or cloudy? Does she often scratch their paw? Or maybe you found a white dot on the eyeball? - Any of these symptoms require urgent veterinarian consultation. Otherwise, the pet may develop an eye ulcer and then you can not do without surgery.
Shih tzu care also requires regular inspection of the auricle, cleaning it and removing hair. Of course, the procedure for plucking hairs from the ear is not the most pleasant, so you need to train a dog to it gradually. For a small puppy, literally remove a few hairs at a time. Next time a little more, and so on until the dog gets used to it. A special ear powder will also help reduce discomfort.
Shih tzu ears are cleaned with a clean cotton pad or swab dipped in a special shampoo or chlorhexidine. At the end of the procedure, wipe the ears dry with a clean cloth.
Subtleties of bath procedures
Dogs of this eastern breed are bathed as necessary, but at least once a month. Dirty hair not only spoils the appearance of the dog, but also significantly complicates the care of shih tzu. Before starting bath procedures, be sure to comb your pet.
You can wash shih tzu in an ordinary bath, but be sure to lay a mat on the bottom so that the paws do not slide and the legs move apart. Comfortable water temperature + 39 C.
Very often, novice owners wonder about the best shih tzu shampoo. And also often come across a host of very different tips on this subject. Why it happens? The thing is that the dog’s hair, like human hair, has its own characteristics, the nuances of the texture. Breeders usually look for the makeup that is most convenient and effective for their dogs. Often by trial and error.
But we can say for sure that Shih Tzu Shampoo should not dry out the coat. It is better if he will moisturize it and protect it from the negative effects of drying with a hairdryer. And the main rule of washing is to thoroughly wash off the remnants of any detergent. The wool should, as they say, creak in your hands.
You can not do without a balm. Especially if you decide not to cut the dog. Better with the addition of mink or coconut oil. It is very important to properly distribute it throughout the dog’s coat, and not just walk along the tops.
Features of the lion cub dog: brief description and description of the breed
The breed is called a chrysanthemum dog due to the fact that the hair on its face resembles the flower of the same name. Pets were also called “lion cub” (translation of the word “Shih Tzu” from Chinese) and “Buddha's dog”. Allegedly, the dogs accompanied him during his wanderings.
Shih Tzu owners of long luxurious wool. On the face, it forms a “beard” and “mustache”. Stacked proportionately. Dogs are lean, muscular, with a well-developed skeleton.
To get a chrysanthemum dog is almost the same as to put a sunbeam in the house.Some owners believe that pets understand human speech. So they catch the slightest changes in the mood of people.
Dogs love to be in the spotlight. At the same time unobtrusive. If it’s not up to them now, they’ll just sit next to them and wait for the owner to deal with things.
Shih Tzu are gentle, affectionate and loving creatures. The puppies are extremely active, curious, playful. After a year, they become more seasoned, but remain lively to a very old age.
Shih Tzu - Buddha's favorite dog
At the beginning of the 20th century, the imperial families of China competed in breeding these dogs, so today you can see many different shih tzu colors. It is believed that this breed was loved by the Buddha. According to one legend, she accompanied the founder of Buddhism in his travels in all parts of the world. A miniature dog could, if necessary, turn into a huge lion, on which Buddha rode a horse.
History of occurrence
Lion dogs have been around for several millennia. The breed is mentioned in Tibetan manuscripts, where it is described as a small domestic dog with a lush, long fur coat. Despite its miniature dimensions, the heart of a lion lives in the pet. Having a sensitive, delicate hearing, Shih Tzu was the first to sense the danger and warned large guard dogs about her. The first owners of the pet were emperors who kept a decorative dog in their palaces. For many centuries, ordinary people were forbidden to keep Shih Tzu.
The eunuchs in the enclosed spaces of Chinese palaces were engaged in the care and breeding of the animal. The selection of the best individuals at that time was carried out according to the drawings, more than the rest liked by the ruler. Dogs of a golden color were appreciated more than the others, since this is the color of the Chinese emperors. In addition, animals with a white spot in the upper part of the muzzle (it was believed that this is a sign of the Buddha) and a bright tip of the tail were valued.
Since the breed was an integral part of the imperial palace, it was carefully guarded, because of which the Buddha dog was imported into Europe only in the 20s of the last century. Among the first Western breeders was Mr. Koffman, a high-ranking Norwegian official. He was able to acquire a puppy by arriving in China for his intended purpose. It was possible to register the breed in Europe only a few years later, then it was called "apso". In the 30s, dogs with such a name were registered, very different in appearance, so it became necessary to name the breed differently.
The first official Shih Tzu club was founded in England in 1935, and the standard was developed in 1948. The breed was widely distributed in England and the Scandinavian countries, and Princess Margarita and the Duchess of Yorkshire were among the ardent admirers of miniature dogs with luxurious wool. Today, the population of the Buddha dog is very large: in Australia, America, Japan, England, its number reaches tens of thousands.
Features of appearance
The Shih Tzu breed has the main distinguishing feature: its length (in relation to body size) hair is comparable only with the Maltese lapdog and the Afghan hound, i.e. it refers to the record holders among dogs in terms of the length of the coat – the size of the body. Its height at the withers is not more than 28 cm. The optimal body weight is in the range of 4.8-7.2 kg. The following parameter is considered important: the distance from the withers to the caudal base should be greater than the height at the withers.
The Shih Tzu breed (the photo illustrates what was said), as a rule, has a color in the form of a combination of several colors (variegated color), with a predominance of white, brown, black, red shades. In rare cases, almost completely black dogs are fixed. Rarely enough, but there are bright colors with a predominance of vanilla color. A special sign of the breed is the presence of a white mark on the frontal part and a white tip of the tail.
The Shih Tzu dog (photo is given) has the following characteristic external features:
- The head is large enough, almost round with a wide front part, on which the eyes are set wide. On the head is the main attraction - a long strand of wool on top, a long mustache and beard. On the nose in the upper direction, hair grows, which provides the likeness of a chrysanthemum flower.
- Muzzle - broad, but short, close to a square in shape, without wrinkles, flat, covered with hair. The total length of the muzzle to the tip of the nose is only 2.4-2.8 cm. The color of the muzzle is usually plain. The nose is black, but with a predominance of brown in the color, it can be brown. The nostrils are wide enough. The eyes are dark, round, without bulges (brown eyes have lighter colors). The ears are large, hanging, covered with thick wool, merging in color with the neck.
- The neck is gracefully bent, strictly proportional to the body.
- Build: straight back, wide chest.
- Tail: chic, fun curved towards the back.
The Shih Tzu dog is particularly attractive due to its peculiar coat. Her hair is more like lush human hair - long, silky locks, effectively descending around the animal. On the muzzle, the hair grows in different directions, creating the likeness of a flower.
The bangs on the head grow very quickly, and in length can exceed the dog's height. It is she who requires special care. Shih Tzu haircuts (photo is given) are simply necessary to care for this strand, and the original styling provides special attractiveness.
Features of the dog character
The Shih Tzu dog breed is not considered a purely decorative breed, despite grace and small stature. It is rather difficult to classify it by official features - Shih Tzu (the video illustrates habits) can be called a companion dog with a peculiar character. Purely decorative properties violates the dense physique. The animal has a large weight when compared with the size. The movement is smooth and arrogant - the front paws have a large amplitude of forward sweep, and the hind legs provide a strong push. All the gracefulness of the movement, as it were, emphasizes the imperial heredity and historical mission.
On the whole, Shih Tzu are very loyal animals that are strongly attached to people. Even small Shih Tzu puppies (photo attached) are ready to follow the owner in any direction, no matter what. They are ready to wake up very early and go after the owner. Such boundless affection makes Shih Tzu an ideal friend to a single and elderly person.
At the same time, showing great interest in humans, they notice little other dogs.
For young children, Shih Tzu cannot serve as a good companion, since it considers them to be more equal to itself. This makes them want constant noisy, active games, which parents do not always like. Dogs really do not like loneliness. Having led the owner, they can cry and whine for a long enough time.
Playfulness and cheerful disposition are a characteristic feature of the breed.
Shih Tzu is still a domestic dog, and therefore walking on the street is not an important factor for her. If there is a tray in the house for the needs, then she can live her whole life without leaving the room. Walking on the street, taking into account the length of the coat, presents certain difficulties: the coat becomes an active dust collector in hot weather, and in general takes on an unsightly appearance in slush. Of course, walks are necessary for the dog, but in bad weather it is better to limit them.
Features of combing and haircuts
The main advantage of Shih Tzu is its luxurious coat, and therefore the dog requires special care. Continuous combing is an important condition for keeping a dog of this breed. Such procedures are preferably carried out using a special brush with elongated metal teeth, and a comb. Combing is carried out carefully and systematically - lock by lock. At such an event, special aerosols (sprays) should be used, which will help eliminate the fallen off zones, do not allow hair to tangles and eliminate tangle.
If for some reason tangles are found in the wool, then they must be carefully and thoroughly untangled dry. Cutting out such defects is carried out only in extreme cases, when manual unraveling does not give a positive result. All procedures should be carried out painlessly so that the dog does not develop an instinct against combing.
Shih Tzu haircut is a very responsible event. This operation can be compared with a female model haircut. The appearance of the dog is largely determined by the correctness of the formation of curls and their styling, and therefore it is best to entrust this procedure to professionals.
How to spend a dog bathing
Shih tzu bathing is no less important stage of hair care than haircuts and combing. This procedure must be approached with all responsibility. Bathing should be carried out in soft water at a comfortable temperature. The optimum water temperature for Shih Tzu is around 39 ° C. When bathing puppies, it is advisable to boil water. Insecticides are used only in special cases when fleas are detected. In normal mode, shampoo is used for dry hair, which must be washed off very carefully, since the remnants of shampoos can cause skin irritation.
After bathing with shampoo, it is recommended to apply a weak solution of balsam with vitamin E to the coat of wool. You can’t wipe the dog with a towel after bathing. You just need to wrap it in it, i.e. get wet water, and then dry with a hairdryer, but with a stream of warm air. A hot stream can dry the hair and make the hair brittle. When bathing, it is recommended to clean and flush the anal glands.
Other care features
Proper care of Shih Tzu includes other mandatory measures:
- Eye care. Eye problems are characteristic of the breed in question, so it is important to constantly monitor their condition. When signs of tearing and inflammatory reactions appear, it is necessary to rinse the eyes with a weak solution of boric acid. You can use eye drops. Around the eyes should be constantly and with great care to comb the hair, preventing hair from getting into them. For preventive purposes, daily washing of the dog's face with shampoo with the addition of lemon juice is recommended.
- Ear care. Ear problems are also common in Shih Tzu. In order to prevent them, after 8-10 days, pluck the hairs in the ear canal, which will eliminate the accumulation of dirt and bacteria. After this procedure, the passage is washed with hydrogen peroxide (6-8% concentration). To clean the ears, you can use a special ear gel or chlorhexidine, apply it on a cotton swab. Ear powder, such as Biogroom, has an effective effect on ear health.
- Dental care. Tartar can cause a dog’s dental disease. If the first signs of this problem appear, you should contact your veterinarian who will brush your dog’s teeth. In order to prevent the appearance of tartar, it is recommended to add tomatoes or tomato juice to food.
- Paw care. In the area of the paws of the animal, a wool bundle is actively growing. It must be cut periodically. Important: after each walk, carefully inspect the paws, removing thorns, splinters, etc. Claws need to be trimmed in a timely manner.
How to organize a meal
Thoroughbred puppies are usually raised by a specialized Shih Tzu kennel, and when a puppy is acquired there, you should immediately consult the rules of the dog’s nutrition. Dry feed of the premium and super-premium class satisfies the animal’s body most fully with the necessary nutrients. Feeding rates are indicated on the packaging labels, and these recommendations should be strictly observed, since overfeeding animals is harmful to their health. If necessary, additional bait and vitamins are introduced.
When feeding, you must follow these rules:
- Any new feed and additives must be introduced gradually, starting with the minimum dose.
- It is necessary to strictly control the norm, and immediately remove the leftovers in the bowl without forcing the dog to eat up.
- When feeding, allergic reactions should be monitored, and when they occur, immediately remove the sensitizing product.
- Recommended norm of the amount of dry food: for small puppies - 7-8% of body weight, for an adult - 4-5%.
Shih Tzu dogs have rare beauty and appeal. According to their physiological capabilities, they belong to long-livers who can live up to 20 years (with an average life expectancy of 13-15 years). In order for a pet to please its owners with envy of its neighbors for a long time, it is necessary to provide him with decent care and maintenance.
Bathing Shih Tzu should be every week and a half. Pure wool is less confused.
The pet must be put in the bathroom or a wide basin. At the bottom, put a rubber lining so that the paws do not slip. Water temperature should be 37-38 ° С.
They bathe their favorite with a special shampoo for long-haired breeds. The legs, abdomen, back, and genital area are thoroughly washed. Foam is washed off several times. For easy combing, an air conditioner is recommended.
Before bathing and after drying, comb the dog, preventing tangles. So that the dog does not freeze and dries faster, it is wrapped in 2 bath towels and a hairdryer is used.
Shih Tzu needs to be combed daily, on average half an hour. Otherwise, warlocks are formed.
To teach puppies to the procedure begins with 6 weeks of age. Use special brushes: a comb with rare teeth and a massage brush.
If you brush your hair completely, you can cut the dog “like a puppy”. Especially a haircut is relevant in autumn and spring, when Shih Tzu literally collects all the dirt in its path. However, so the dog loses part of the charm.
Before the procedure, the dog is put on the table. It is advisable to put a rubber mat for stability.
Start scratching with your hind legs. First, with a comb, and then with a massage comb. On the back, the wool is divided into two parts.
Do not comb your pet with dry hair. Be sure to use a spray conditioner or wet the comb with a spray gun. The warblers that cannot be combed are carefully removed with a koltunorezom.
As the fur of the dogs grows, they should be cut. To maintain hygiene and a neat appearance, it is advisable to cut at least once a month. But at least 1 time in 3 months, otherwise the dog will grow very much.
To conduct a monthly hygienic haircut, it is not necessary to lead the dog to the groomers.
The procedure itself is simple, available to any owner at home. As a rule, they cut off the legs, inguinal region, base of the tail - there are no difficulties with this. Before cutting the pet, you need to bathe and comb it.
Dogs participating in shows are not sheared. The Shih Tzu standard implies the presence of long and thick coat. But in such cases, the wool requires special care, regular trimming, combing.
Exhibition "copies" are usually trusted only by professional groomers.
Eye care: remove hair and remove nitrous
Shih Tzu's eyes tend to turn sour. So that they do not climb the wool, it is collected on the top of the tail. This will provide ventilation.
The lacrimal ducts are checked daily. Nitrous oxide is removed with a sponge moistened with lotion or distilled water.
Shih Tzu teeth: properly clean and remove plaque
Teeth should be cleaned once a week with a special toothbrush and toothpaste for dogs.
If a stone appears, you must consult your veterinarian. The doctor will remove hard deposits. You can’t do it yourself - you can damage the enamel.
How to care for paws and cut claws
Paws inspect, clean the dirt between the fingers after each walk.Excess hair is cut off.
Claws are trimmed with a claw cutter as they grow. It is better to do this after bathing, when the nail plate is soft. Only the upper third is sheared - then the “living part” with nerves and vessels is located.
Features of walking puppies and adult dogs
Toddlers can be taken outside up to 5 times a day. Gradually, the number of walks is reduced, and their duration is increased.
Adult pets do not need long intensive walks. It will be enough to withdraw the dog once a day for an hour.
Because of the flattened face, Shih Tzu is difficult to breathe. Therefore, the dog can not be walked in the sun.
And in the autumn-winter period you will need warm clothes.
Upon arrival, they carefully examine the paws, ears, eyes, skin and coat. It is necessary to clean the dirt that has got, make sure that the organs are not injured and there are no ticks.
Be sure to carry out antiparasitic treatment every 3 months and 2 weeks before vaccination.
Unpretentious companion: keeping a pet at home
The content of Shih Tzu is unpretentious. They easily adapt to life in a country house and a noisy metropolis. They get along perfectly in multi-storey buildings - even a one-room studio apartment will seem like a luxury apartment to a dog.
The chrysanthemum dog is primarily a companion. She must constantly be with people. Putting her in an aviary is a crime.
The place is arranged in a cozy place, but so that the pet can follow everything that happens in the house. It should not be in a draft, near heating appliances, air conditioners.
Decorative dogs can be taught to go to the toilet on a cat tray or a special diaper.
Nutrition - The Basis of Pet Health and Activity
An important aspect of proper care is proper feeding. Natural food is considered ideal.
Eating from natural foods should include:
- raw meat and offal,
- vegetables and fruits,
- dairy products,
- additional ingredients - eggs, nuts, vegetable oils.
You can choose high-quality premium food. Most popular with owners of Royal Canin, Acana, Orig in e, Eukubana. Choose products of a special line for small breeds and taking into account the age of the pet.
The dog must not be overfed. She is prone to obesity. On natural, vitamin-mineral complexes will not be superfluous.
A few words about education
Raising shih tzu is a pleasure. They are obedient, they quickly understand what they want from them. Although this is not a service breed, dogs can easily remember basic commands. With due diligence, they can perform small tricks: bring slippers, newspapers, ask, overcome obstacles.
Additionally, you can do agility or freestyle.
Chrysanthemum dogs are sensitive. Hard education is not acceptable.
As punishment, a reprimand in a formidable voice will suffice.
The nursery owner must be asked for documents confirming vaccination. If the puppy has not yet been vaccinated, they are put according to the scheme:
- 1st course - at 8 - 9 weeks,
- 2nd course - at 10 - 12 weeks,
- later annually.
Shih Tzu vaccinated against:
- parovirus enteritis,
- lime disease.
After vaccination, quarantine is maintained for 2 to 3 weeks. During this period, walking, contacts with other animals, especially stray ones, are prohibited.
Possible diseases and their prevention
Shih Tzu is prone to certain diseases:
- Pathologies of the eyes. Most often there is dystychiasis, a twist of the eyelid, cataracts, ulceration of the cornea. The first two diseases cannot be prevented. To avoid the rest, you need to rinse your eyes daily, remove nitrous oxide, dirt, include vitamin A or vitamin complexes in your diet.
- Urolithiasis. Most often found in males. It develops against the background of low mobility, excess protein and a lack of water in the diet.
- Digestive disorders. For prevention, you can not overfeed Shih Tzu, give fatty meat, harmful treats: sweets, pastries, bones.
- Allergies. When itching, rash, hair loss, it is necessary to identify the allergen. As a rule, this is some kind of food or grooming product. The provoking factor must be eliminated.
- Heart disease and tracheal collapse. Genetically determined diseases. Before buying a puppy, you need to make sure that his parents do not have such pathologies. However, this will only reduce the likelihood of getting a sick puppy, but will not reduce the risk to zero.
- Intervertebral disc disease. To avoid problems with bones and joints, the dog is forbidden to climb on high surfaces and jump from beds, sofas, tables.
Until 3 months, make sure that the puppy does not rise and does not go down the stairs. This may cause the hind legs to bend.
The positive and negative sides of the breed
Shih Tzu cuties have many advantages, but there are also disadvantages.
The advantages of the breed include:
- mental stability
- kind character - dogs get along well with all family members, love children and easily find a common language with other pets,
- lack of anger, aggression,
- good health
- there is no need to walk your pet for a long time and often,
- almost do not bark,
- ease in education and training.
The disadvantages of the Buddha dog are much less:
- long-term daily hair care is required,
- no watchdog qualities
- does not tolerate loneliness, even if the owner is in the next room.
Some representatives may be capricious, disobey commands, and react sharply even to soft remarks. Usually this behavior appears due to improper upbringing - lack of attention or excessive pampering.
Any description of a Chinese decorative dog includes qualities such as cleanliness and a sharp mind. Shih Tzu gained popularity not only because of its beautiful appearance, but also because of its compact size: these creations fit even in a handbag. The chrysanthemum dog gets along well with all family members, including children. It is ideal for keeping in an apartment, the dog does not need serious physical activity, and can cope with the need for shih tzu, if necessary, in the tray.
Nevertheless, it is impossible to completely deprive a dog of walks in the fresh air: to maintain a good mood, the animal needs to be taken out 1-2 times a week to the street, where outdoor games can be played with it. Pets are not at all noisy, unlike other small breeds, while they bark only in puppyhood. Adult dogs are distinguished by silence, playfulness and great devotion to the owners. Shih Tzu are easy to educate, have a calm disposition and serve as the guardian of the hearth.
Left for a long time without a master, the chrysanthemum dog is very bored, because it suffers loneliness. At home, the pet everywhere follows its owner, while not bothering him with his presence. Representatives of this breed are a hardy, reliable companion. Buddha dogs get along well in families, because they are loving and can share their affection with all the inhabitants of the home, without choosing one owner. Such gullibility, sociability and kindness do not allow the Shih Tzu to play the role of a guard.
Pet dog exterior
According to modern standards, the height of the breed at the withers should not be more than 27 cm, and the weight of an adult varies between 4.5 and 8.1 kg (on average - up to 7.5 kg). The coat of the animal is dense, straight and long, similar in structure to human hair. The undercoat of a Chinese dog does not fluff; the main coat does not constrain movements. An important breed parameter is the length of the body, which exceeds the height of the animal at the withers.
This is an energetic, mobile little dog, characterized by a beautiful, elegant appearance. Shih Tzu has a short muzzle, a straight, long and thick coat. The breed is compared to a chrysanthemum flower due to the hair growing on the nose and up. Buddha Dog Standard includes the following parameters:
- Head. Relatively large, voluminous, but not heavy. In bitches and males, the roughness and volume of the head are somewhat different. The line of the forehead in the animal is not very wide, the head is rounded, has smooth edges. Chewing muscles and cheekbones are well developed, but do not stand out on the muzzle. The transition between the forehead and the muzzle is pronounced, while the bangs at the top should emphasize it, without exacerbating it. Seen from above, the nose is in line with the lower eyelids.
- Teeth. The bite is straight, the teeth are set evenly and tightly to each other.
- Nose. It has a proportional size and wide nostrils. The back of the organ of smell is free from folds. The pet’s breathing is even, deep, without snoring. In dogs of pure brown or interspersed with spots of color, the nose is liver-colored. In dogs of blue or gray color, the lobe may be saturated gray, but this option of pigmentation is not welcome.
- Eyes. Not convex, have an expressive round shape. The color of the irises is dark brown, however, in gray, brown and blue dogs, light pigmentation can occur. Eyelids tight to the eyes, painted in tone with the nose.
- The ears. Set above the eyes, but below the crown, large and decorated with thick long hair.
- Body. The withers are moderately pronounced, the back is straight, the line of the chest is slightly lowered compared to the elbows, the neck is of medium length with an expressive bend.
- Limbs. Rounded, strong, relatively wide. The shoulders of the dog are inclined to the body, the forearms are as sheer. The hind legs have balanced angles of the joints, the hips are muscular. The brushes are well selected, the fingers are clenched, the nails are arched, and the pads are strong and convex.
- Tail. Due to the set-up and long, abundant hair, the tip of the tail is flush with the crown, so that the dog has a proportional appearance. The tail is carried thrown back.
Type of coat and color
The Shih Tzu breed has a thick, long, stiff coat, which falls on the muzzle, which results in the formation of an antennae with a beard in the animal. Beautiful silk flowing wool looks like human hair. It grows very quickly, so the pet needs a regular haircut. In everyday life, bangs are stabbed, and for exhibitions beautiful hairstyles are formed from it. So that the animal does not interfere with the hair, and he is not confused in his own bangs, he needs a systematic care, including weekly combing. Shih Tzu has the following colors:
- the black,
- light (pure white color is rare).
Dog of Chinese emperors - character and temperament
Descriptions of the nature of the breed must contain information about the mannerism and majestic features of dogs. Shih tzu are distrustful of strangers, expressing some arrogance and pride towards them. However, the first impression of meeting a chrysanthemum dog is misleading. The pet hardly tolerates ignorance to his person, but will not impose his presence on the owner, realizing that he is busy and cannot take the time at the moment.
If you can draw conclusions about the noble origin of the dog by looking at it, then the high intelligence of the pet is revealed during its maintenance. Representatives of the breed are very flexible in nature, so their education and training are very easy. Many are interested in the answer to the question "How long do Shih Tzu live?" This breed of dog belongs to centenarians whose life expectancy, with proper care, reaches 19 years or more.
The chrysanthemum dog gets along well with all members of the family, without choosing one owner for itself. Nevertheless, such naivety in the character of the dog does not allow him to become a guard or defender of the home. Another disadvantage of the breed is the difficulty in communicating with small children: the imperial dog will not endure childish mockery or neglect for a long time. For children of a conscious age, Shih Tzu will become a faithful and devoted friend, a fun companion in games.
Care and maintenance
The pet can not be called too demanding in the care. Despite the fact that the chrysanthemum dog is active and mobile, it does not need frequent long walks: home games are enough for it. Nevertheless, Shih Tzu needs to be bathed and combed regularly, otherwise the wool will lose its silky and beautiful appearance. If the owner does not plan to participate in exhibitions, the dog can be cut off, then leaving will be even easier. A Chinese dog definitely needs to clean its ears, eyes and cut its nails, and it is necessary to start the procedure from a puppy's age, so that the pet gets used to them.
How to care for eye folds
Owners of this breed should conduct an inspection of the eyes of the pet daily. This procedure does not take much time, but will protect the animal from many problems associated with eye diseases. Any change related to the organ of vision should be noticed as early as possible in order to take prompt action to fix the problem. Be sure to contact your veterinarian if there is increased lacrimation, scratches on the cornea, purulent discharge, etc. Once a week, experts advise the dog to bury eyes with special drops.
Pet and Ear Care
At least once every 2 weeks, the ears of the pet should be treated with a solution of boric acid. Before this, long hairs are removed with tweezers from the ear canal. You can wipe your ears with hydrogen peroxide (10%), moistening a cotton pad with it. After the procedure, the eye should be kneaded from the base so that excess fluid flows out more easily. In addition, you can clean the hearing organ with a special gel or chlorhexidine.
Shih Tzu often produces tartar, which causes bad breath. To prevent a problem, you should regularly give the animal solid food - crackers, apples. Some breeders advise to offer the pet tomatoes or tomato juice 1-2 times a week (the products contain acid, which prevents the stone from forming). In addition, it is important to weekly brush your teeth with a special paste. Also, the animal is periodically taken to a doctor who removes the stone with a scaler.
Grooming and trimming
Luxurious long hair is the pride of shchi-tzu. Dogs that participate in competitions and exhibitions are not trimmed, but only slightly trimmed overgrown fur. If your dog does not claim prizes and likes active games, it is better to think about a stylish haircut. Common options are:
- "Under the puppy." This option greatly simplifies daily grooming: there is no need to thoroughly comb the dog and fight the warlocks. The hair is shortened throughout the body to 2.5-5 cm using scissors or a special machine. Ears and muzzle are cut short. With such a hairstyle, Shih Tzu is much more comfortable with hot summer weather.
- "Teddy bear". Such a haircut makes the dog very pretty, while the hair is left a little longer than in the previous version. On the muzzle and ears, the fur coat is only slightly shortened, and after the pet is decorated with elastic bands. The tail is made out at will.
- Exhibition standard. The fur is trimmed a little, leaving luxurious long vegetation on the body of the animal. On the head of the pet, the hair is collected in a pigtail or tail.
Grooming involves cutting, eye care, brushing, shortening claws and keeping the animal clean. This is important not only for the aesthetically attractive appearance of the pet, but also for the physical and psycho-emotional health of the Shih Tzu, which by nature are cleanlings and experience negative accumulations of dirt on the body. The pet happily agrees to all grooming procedures, if you teach him to them not in adulthood, but as a puppy.
Proper nutrition of Shih Tzu
Up to three months of age, the pet is fed milk porridge (oatmeal or buckwheat), passing raw cereals through a coffee grinder. You can feed the puppy with homemade cottage cheese (add 1 tbsp. L. Calcium chloride to half a liter of boiled milk). Older dogs are given natural foods, including the following:
- boiled meat, fillet of sea fish,
- raw or boiled vegetables, fruits,
- grated carrots
- natural juices
- chopped lean meat broth,
- porridge steamed with boiling water (you can add a little butter),
- cottage cheese, cheese, a little sour cream,
- boiled egg (up to 3 times per week),
- dairy products (kefir, milk, cottage cheese, yogurt, fermented baked milk).
Shih Tzu puppies under six months old should not eat too hard foods, as they may spoil the bite. In a year, the pet is transferred to an adult diet and more food, while the animal is fed twice a day (sutra and in the evening). The diet should contain products both in finished and raw form. According to the standard scheme, an adult dog should eat a dish, consisting in equal parts of cereals, vegetables and meat / offal.
Ready-made feeds are also allowed for Buddha dogs, but it is best to choose them by consulting your veterinarian. Not recommended and prohibited food for the breed is this:
- any fruit that is too juicy (can stimulate diarrhea)
- raw pork
- river, weedy fish, mollusks,
- potato (can be bit by bit and only raw),
- flour products (with the exception of a small amount of rye crackers),
- smoked meats
- garlic, onion,
- pearl barley, corn, barley, wheat groats,
- grapes, citrus fruits, raisins,
Health and hereditary diseases
The veterinarians are in doubt about the tendency of the breed to allergies: different sources give conflicting information. However, it is best not to provoke an allergic reaction in your pet. Among hereditary diseases in a breed, the following are more common:
- twist of the century
- urolithic water (the dog should be given exclusively pure water),
- kidney pathology
- intervertebral disc disease,
- tracheal collapse,
- extra eyelash growth
- chronic heart defects.
Where to buy Shih Tzu in Moscow
Today, breeders offering dwarf shih tzu are more and more common, however this is a marketing ploy that is designed to ignore the buyer. Miniature animals are the result of genetic failure and have a short lifespan. To choose a healthy puppy, visit the Shih Tzu kennel and get acquainted with the dog’s parents to understand what to expect from their offspring. More than 80 nurseries of the country are engaged in breeding in different cities. You can find a breed in the capital by visiting such ones as:
How much do puppies cost?
You can buy a pet by hand by paying 8-10 thousand rubles. Such a baby is unlikely to please with good pedigree characteristics, however, a dog is suitable for people who are not interested in exhibition competitions. You can buy a Shih Tzu puppy in the kennel from 15 thousand rubles, where you will be given the relevant documents, but such a dog will not meet the requirements of the exhibitions. Competitive copies with a pure pedigree are much more expensive: the cost varies from 450 to 2000 dollars.