The true pride of Italian selection can rightfully be considered a dog of the breed Cane Corso. These dogs are distinguished not only by their ancient roots, but also by their beautiful exterior. Let's find out what is so special about this breed, and who should start a Cane Corso.
Although representatives of this breed were known in antiquity, Cane Corso received official recognition only two decades ago. There were times when these dogs were almost extinct, only a miracle saved the unique breed from extinction.
It is believed that the ancestors of Cane Corso are Molossian dogs, which were known in ancient Rome. If you dig even deeper into history, you can find out that Molossian dogs have very respected roots: they came from fighting Persian dogs who participated in military battles and were loyal to their owners. And in the Molossian dogs, the blood of the dogs belonging to the Etruscans flowed. It was from here that the desperate fearlessness of the Cane Corso and their affection for their master came from.
Cane Corso is an ancient breed of Italian watchdog.
Thanks to successful selection, the Italians managed to combine in Cane Corso such unique qualities as: intelligence, quick wits, courage, devotion. Previously, these dogs were truly universal: they grazed cattle, guarded the house, looked after children, went hunting, protected their owner.
Cane Corso with cropped ears and tail.
How did it happen that this wonderful breed was forgotten for many years? The blame for the fall of the Roman Empire. With the advent of the new aristocracy, Cane Corso began to be considered an outcast. Due to the fact that the new rulers did not like their appearance and impressive size, they were glued to the "brand" of village and common dogs. so these dogs began to be kept only by the lower layers of society, waiting for the era of stagnation.
Cane Corso - real service dogs.
And only in 1976, thanks to the researcher, enthusiast and great admirer of the Cane Corso - Breber, they again talked about this breed, remembered its unique qualities and abilities to serve faithfully to its owner. So the Organization of Cane Corso Lovers appeared. The standard and official recognition of the breed occurred only in January 1994. From that moment, breeders and breeders began to closely monitor the improvement of the exterior of the Cane Corso: corrected minor imperfections in appearance and put the breed on a stream of mass breeding.
Cane Corso puppies.
On the appearance of dogs of the breed Cane Corso ... these watchdogs are distinguished by prominent musculature, large size and excellent appearance. The height of an adult cane-corso can reach 68 centimeters, the mass of a representative of this breed varies from 45 to 50 kilograms. Cane Corso have a large head, the forehead of these dogs has a convex shape, the nose is black, the nostrils are large. These dogs are characterized by saggy lips and wide jaws. The eyes have an iris more often than a dark color, but often, the color of the eyes matches the shade of the coat. As for the stopping, according to the standard, this procedure is mandatory only for the tail (it is cut off after the 4th vertebra), but the ears can either be left hanging or stopped in the form of a triangle.
Cane Corso gray color.
The dog is especially attractive because of its coat: it is shiny, with short hair, and quite thick. Colors are allowed: black, brindle, gray and red. Some individuals have white spots on the chest and paws, which does not contradict the standard. Cane Corso also has one more color feature: if the coat has any shade except gray or black, then the dog “wears” a mask of one of these colors (either black or gray) on its face.
White spots on the chest at Cane Corso are not considered a defect.
By the nature of the cane-corso dogs are balanced, they do not have excessive aggressiveness, but they have a clear division into “friends” and “strangers”. Although the external data of Cane Corso inspire fear and timidity, these dogs will not attack without a command from the owner. The only exception is the situation when the dog sees a real intrusion into the borders of the territory entrusted to it ... the Cane Corso is instantly ferocious and can make an independent decision about the attack.
Of the positive qualities of Cane Corso, one can note her intelligence, obedience, affectionate attitude to members of the family in which she lives, especially to children. Therefore, if you need a true friend and reliable defender, then Cane Corso is definitely your option!
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The history of the breed Cane Corso
Cane Corso was first mentioned in chronicles dating back to the time of the Roman Empire. Their ancestors are considered gladiator dogs. In their historical homeland, in Italy, animals were used as guards for livestock and territory.
Cane Corso (adult dog)
World War II put dogs at risk of extinction. The restoration and conservation of this species, the scientists of Italy took up after its completion.
Since 1994, Cane Corso has been officially recognized, at the same time they were first brought to the territory of Russia. The Cane Corso standard was officially announced in 1999.
Attention! Unfortunately, many are confused in the name of this breed. Therefore, in different Russian-language directories and in domestic forums, the breed can be called very differently. The most common options: canacors, kona corsa, horses korsa, kana korsa dog, canikors, etc.
Appearance and special features of the breed
Cane Corso - a dog, which is characterized by prominent muscles, athletic figure, excellent temperament. Adult thoroughbred individuals grow from 64 to 68 cm, average body weight from 45 to 50 kg. Males are larger than females in size.
In the description of the standards, the following characteristics are found:
- the head is large, with a wide skull and square muzzle, with a dark lobe,
- the neck is medium-sized, muscular,
- tail - docked in puppyhood, set high and thick,
- ears - triangular, slightly drooping, cropped,
- the coat is thick, short and shiny.
Allowed colors recognized by the cynological association are:
- black and brindle shade.
With a reddish or tiger color, a mask of a dark grayish or black appearance is located on the muzzle. Whitish spots are allowed on the tips of the paws and on the chest.
Important! Mestizos, albinos and dogs with non-standard coat colors are not allowed for breeding, are not allowed to participate in exhibitions.
Cane Corso without ear cropping
From the history of the breed
The Italian dog is one of the oldest. In fact, it’s hard to say exactly how old she is. The most vivid and accurate memory of her exists since the time of the Roman Empire. At a time when gladiator fights were at the peak of popularity, huge muscular dogs, the ancestors of modern corso, began to be imported en masse from Greece to Rome. Fights of gladiators have made these dogs popular not only among lovers of spectacles, but also among hunters and warriors. So, it is known that the ancestors of Corso more than once took part in hostilities.
The following recollections of this species dates back to the Middle Ages. During this period, the gladiator changed his profession and became an excellent service dog. Perhaps, fights with the participation of Corso at that time would be popular, if the dogs were popular among the nobility. But, the dogs were the property of exclusively peasants, for whom the execution of daily work was more important than gambling dog fights.
Despite centuries of diverse human service, after World War II, these dogs were on the verge of extinction. And only, thanks to a small group of enthusiasts, the breed was revived. Of course, in this regard, the variety has undergone some changes, but still carries a centuries-old history in its genes.
The breed standard contains very detailed information about the exterior of the Cane Corso. In general, the growth of these dogs is approximately 60-68 cm, and weight - 40-50 kg.
The body of the dog is a little stretched, but this should not give it a squat appearance (see photo). The whole skeleton is strong, but not heavy. The muscles are very developed. The back is necessarily straight, the croup is long and rounded. A voluminous broad chest, which may protrude slightly forward, is achieved due to the strongly developed pectoral muscles, as well as the chest.
The tail can be docked, but for a companion this is not necessary. The tail is set on the line of the croup, straight, can rise slightly above the back (see photo).
The head is located on a strong neck, proportional to the body. The neck is very muscular, but not overly bulky, which gives the dog an elegant look.
The head of the dog is wider than the long one, it is covered with dense skin without folds on the muzzle. The muzzle is wide and voluminous with the same wide and strong jaws. The upper jaw is slightly shorter than the lower, which creates a slight snack. The dog’s lips are tight, not too saggy (see photo). The nose of the dog is relatively small with well-defined nostrils, preferably black.
The eyes are oval and widely set on the muzzle. The eyelids are pigmented in black, the color of the eyes depends on the color, but the darker the better.
Cane Corso's ears can also be stopped, giving them the shape of a triangle. Uncropped ears are a little large, they hang down and lie on the cheeks of the dog (see photo). Located high enough. The ears taper to the ends, covered with smooth, shiny hair.
Both the front and hind limbs of the dog are very strong, muscular, firmly on the ground. They are placed in parallel, the hind limbs must have the correct angles (see photo). The paws of the forelimbs are rounder than the hind legs. Powerful limbs, as well as the considerable weight of the dog, do not allow her to develop tremendous speed, but her movements are still not without some grace.
Wool and color
The coat of this breed is short, double, although the undercoat is quite thin and does not protect the dog from severe frosts. But the top layer is very dense, smooth, hard and shiny (see photo).
Preferred colors: black, gray, red, as well as brindle. There may be a small white spot on the chest, legs and nose. Red and tiger dogs should have a dark mask on their faces (see photo).
Balance is a hallmark of Cane Corso. It manifests itself in everything: in games, in exercises, in work. In most cases, it manifests itself as the ability to wait for a command or when they pay attention to the dog. A well-trained guard corso will immediately release his victim as soon as she stops moving or the owner gives a command. This indicates a very strong nerves of the dog.
Perhaps it was this quality that inspired lovers of bloody excitement that Cane Corso is a great killer of their kind. As a result, dog fights, in which the Italian dog is increasingly found. At the same time, often such fights do not end with bloodshed precisely because of the persistent psyche of Corso, which can be seen on the video on the network. Nevertheless, the upbringing and training of a dog whose future is not exhibitions, but fights is walking along the razor's edge. After all, growing up in a beast of aggression can turn into a tragedy for the owner himself.
Representatives of this breed are distrustful of strangers. Early socialization of puppies will help to avoid extreme distrust and make the pet friendly. Such socialization will not spoil the guard and guard instincts of the dog.
In general, the character of the Cane Corso is half dependent on the nature of the parents, and the other half is the result of the puppy's upbringing and socialization. So, if the puppy's parents were mentally unbalanced dogs, or dogs in which aggression was deliberately raised, raising such a baby can be very difficult.
Like many Molossians, Cane Corso is smart, can make decisions independently. Some owner reviews introduce us to this breed as a philosopher who loves observing the world around him.
If the puppy grew up in a family with small children and other pets, he will be very loyal to them. There are reviews where the owners talk about the full understanding of Cane Corso and cats, about an excellent nanny who will never offend the baby, etc. Nevertheless, as for children, we do not recommend leaving their communication with a representative of this breed unattended. Also, the dog and the child should be clearly aware of the rules of joint communication. Although, to summarize, we can safely say that the breed dearly loves both its owner and his family.
Breed Health and Cane Corso Care
In addition to the fact that the price of a Cane Corso puppy is quite high, the maintenance of such a dog will also require the owner of both financial and time expenses. How much it costs to maintain such a dog depends to a large extent on paid teachings. Basic care (brushing your ears, teeth, washing your eyes, etc.) can be completely done at home.
The birthplace of this breed is sunny Italy. There dogs without problems live in yards or aviaries. Slight undercoat and short coat do not allow the dog to adapt to any weather conditions. Our moderately continental winter may turn out to be too cold for the Italian, especially for the puppy. Therefore, living in enclosures is permissible only if they are well insulated.
In general, these dogs often live in apartments and houses. Although in this case, the owners should pay moderate salivation and molting of the dog, as often recall the reviews of the owners.
The representatives of this breed have very developed muscles, but from lying on the couch, the dog may lose shape. To prevent this from happening, he is shown long walks. Walking with a dog is worth at least 2 times a day, and one of these walks should last 1.5-2 hours. In this case, it is advisable to spend about 30 minutes on active games and communication with other dogs. Moreover, communication with dogs is especially important for a small puppy. The rest of the time you can just wander around the park with a dog on a leash. It is advisable to walk on asphalt so that the claws come off, otherwise they should be cut regularly.
Even if dogs live in a private house and have access to an open space, care must be taken to ensure that they receive adequate physical activity. This is due to the fact that adult dogs, especially bitches, tend to succumb to laziness, and may prefer to lie on the couch.
A massive and large dog will never eat like a bird. Future owners should be prepared for the significant cost of food for a pet. Most breeders recommend feeding corso dry food. A daily serving of dry food is approximately 500-600 grams. It is better to ask the breeder how and how many times to feed the puppy, because it will depend on the age and the already established diet.
There are reviews in which the owners talk about the fact that their cane Corso eat fruits and vegetables. But, this is more from curiosity than from a love of proper nutrition. By the way, future owners should limit the access of dogs to small items and toys, as they can simply swallow them. Unfortunately, such precautions will apply not only to the puppy, but also to the adult dog.
Education and training of representatives of Cane Corso
The education of Cane Corso is quite feasible at home. Of course, for this you still need to have some skills, or at least study special literature, and also obey the recommendations of the breeder. The main goal of educating such a giant will be the development of such qualities as friendliness and obedience. Early socialization and obedience exercises will help here. Such exercises are best done in the form of a game, especially with young dogs.
For beginner dog breeders, you can turn to dog clubs or schools for help. There, the pet will not only be given an "elementary education", but will also be told to the owners how to properly raise a dog. Very often, the price of such lessons for the pet and owner is rather big. Therefore, before buying a puppy, think not only about how much you are willing to spend on it, but also how much you are willing to invest in it.
To become an excellent guard for this dog, special training is not necessary. After all, service qualities are inherent in him by nature. Nevertheless, in order to avoid unforeseen situations, it is recommended to specially prepare dogs that should be in charge of responsible service. This breed lends itself to training easily, thanks to its mind and strong nerves. How much it costs to train a dog depends on the complexity of the course. In any case, the price will pay off, and your pet will gain valuable skills.
History of breed origin
Dogs of this breed have a rather long history, although they were officially recognized recently. Like many other dog-like breeds, Cane Corso are considered to be descendants of the oldest Asian dog breeds, which, according to their important data, are similar to Tibetan mastiffs.
Interesting information! Before the start of World War II, dogs of this breed were very actively used to protect farms, were used in livestock protection processes, and were also indispensable for hunting.
As a rule, due to their important characteristics, they took part in the hunt for big game. These dogs were especially popular in the Himalayas, as well as in areas of Tibet. In addition, participating in the protection of various trade caravans, these dogs quickly settled in various countries of the Euro-Asian continent.
Description of the breed Cane Corso
This breed is considered legendary and very deserved, but despite this, at one time they forgot about it, and it was on the verge of extinction. As always, there were real enthusiasts who managed to restore this breed to a level where it no longer threatened extinction. Breeding work began when it was still possible to find isolated specimens of purebred representatives of the Cane Corso.
Thanks to the process of active restoration of the breed, an association of lovers of Cane Corso (Societa Amatori Cane Corso) was created. Modern males of this breed have a height at the withers of about 68 cm maximum, and females - about 64 cm. Moreover, their weight is: males weigh about 50 kg, and females - 45 kg.
The appearance of the Cane Corso breed can be described quite briefly: a powerful and strong animal, while very elegant. These are dogs that are distinguished by higher average body sizes, as well as the presence of dry and sculpted muscles. Among the important characteristics of the breed is the size of the head, which is up to 36 percent of the size of the animal at the withers.
Owners of this breed most of all appreciate its high endurance and unique functionality. At the same time, the dog does not have various excesses regarding its body shape, but there is a unique ability to work.
Type of coat and color
The breed is distinguished by the presence of both the outer hair and the undercoat. Moreover, the undercoat should be pronounced, which applies to all purebred individuals.
Nowadays, the Cane Corso breed is assigned to the category of guard dogs, therefore, it serves day and night and in any climatic conditions, protecting an important territory and important objects. If the dog does not have an undercoat, then it will not withstand sub-zero temperatures. We can say about the Cane Corso breed that it has a high-quality undercoat, therefore the dog is reliably protected from extreme conditions.
It's important to know! If a dog of this breed does not have an undercoat, then such individuals are considered to be defective dogs, therefore, they will no longer participate in breeding. The fact that there is no undercoat indicates that the animal has nothing to do with purebred individuals.
The structure of the outer hair is represented by the core and cortical substance, in the form of granules with pigment. The outer part of the hair is covered with a special shell - cuticle. The hairs of the undercoat are completely deprived of the core, and in the cortical layer there is a small fraction of the pigment. In this regard, the undercoat has a lighter color. A variety of colors is associated with the presence of a special pigment, melanin, which is found in special cells of melanocytes.
FCI-No. 343 breed standards indicate that Cane Corso dogs must have black, lead gray, slate gray, light gray, light red, red deer, dark red and tiger coat. Representatives of the breed of red or tiger color should have a black or gray mask on the face, which should not go beyond the general line of the eyes.
Minor inclusions of a white hue are allowed, located in the chest, on the nasal back, and also on the tips of the paws.
What to feed
Large four-legged animals need enough calories - an energetic dog expends them quickly. Preference is given to industrial feeds of the premium level, super-premium class or holistic. They contain all the substances necessary for the body, no additional vitamin supplement is required.
Young representatives of the species are fed up to 5 times a day, adults in the morning and evening. Natural nutrition requires large material costs and time for its preparation. In this case, raw or boiled meat, cottage cheese, stewed vegetables, sea fish are included in the diet.
Important! Veterinarians do not recommend mixing ready-made and self-prepared feeds. Simultaneous feeding can cause serious gastrointestinal diseases, up to gastritis and ulcers.
Cane Corso puppy
How to choose a puppy and what to look for
Before buying a baby, you need to decide for what purpose he should appear in the house. As an exhibition animal, pet or formidable guard. The final selection is made after taking into account all the requirements. Inexperienced lovers, professionals advise:
- to acquire a two-month-old baby when he is able to eat on his own, his weight at this age should not be less than 7 kilograms,
- check the health status of parents, learn about the presence of genetic diseases,
- specify the number of goals in one litter - from 5 to 7 pieces will be the best option,
- to study the physical condition of the kitten, the compliance of external data with the standards of the species.
Important! The desire to take a baby older than 3 months can cause certain difficulties. The grown up individuals get used badly to the new house and its residents. Before purchasing, it is better to consult a specialist. Such a pet will have to pay maximum attention, he needs special care.
How much is a puppy
Price for baby Cane Corso depends on color, pedigree and age:
- an elite group will cost 25-50 thousand rubles *,
- transaction in an unverified place - from 12 to 15 thousand rubles.
Important! When acquiring a companion from random people, you should not rely on its security and guard qualities, perfect health and normal psyche. Animals can be bred exclusively for sale, ignoring the rules of care, maintenance and feeding.
Before we analyze in detail the merits and demerits of the dog, we outline what the owner of the Cane Corso will have to deal with. So:
- balanced, kind,
- smart, learning fast
- does not require special training for home maintenance,
- gets along well with children and other pets,
- an excellent bodyguard and watchman,
- relatively easy care.
- long molt
- cannot be kept in the enclosure, as the dog does not tolerate cold,
- you need a lot of money for food,
- not suitable for older and busy people, because Cane Corso needs long, active walks,
- there may be joint problems.
If desired and financially feasible, some of the disadvantages inherent in the breed can be leveled. For example, the inconvenience of shedding or diseases of the hip joints, which, unfortunately, are inherent in cane-corso in the genes. They do not appear in all representatives of the breed, but there is a risk.
But the slobbering of a dog can be a serious argument against, because not everyone will like to wipe dog saliva from home furniture. However, among the Molossians, which include the Cane Corso, he ranks last in terms of salivation.
Boys - for strong-willed, girls - for family
If the choice of breed has already been made, the second question that worries the future owner of the dog is to take a dog or a bitch? It is impossible to say which of them is definitely better. It all depends on the nature of the owner and the purposes for which he decided to get a pet.
Dogs of the Cane Corso breed have all typically male qualities inherent, therefore the owner must be prepared for the fact that he will have to show will and firmness of character, but in no case aggression. Even when he earns credibility with his dog, he will not become a meek puppy. From time to time it will be necessary to prove to him that the owner is worthy of the Cane Corso to recognize his dominance. It is important that the dog’s incidence of supremacy is stopped without the use of brute force. The dog will perceive aggression as aggression, and fear and respect are very different things, and the animal can prove it on occasion.
If there is no desire to be measured by authority, or there are children in the family, you should choose a bitch. Cane Corso girls are more flexible, obedient, you don’t have to compete with her and find out who the man is. Bitches need a little less physical activity than males.
Nature herself decreed that female representatives were endowed with maternal instinct. Not surprisingly, the desire to care for and protect weak family members - children - is more pronounced in bitches. They are more patient and affectionate.
All of the above does not mean that the Corso guys are meaner, and the girls are “mumbles”. The former are simply more hooligan; they need not so much a master as a worthy leader. Bitches will also not respect the very weak-willed "boss." In terms of security, dogs of both sexes will do just fine. Females even have an advantage: they don’t need someone else’s territory, but they defend their own with particular zeal.
Big dog big apartment
Perhaps the most difficult thing in the content of the Cane Corso is to allocate enough territory for it. Of course, the dog will fit in “odnushka” and may not even arrange excessive bedlam, but still this dog is not for small spaces. Keeping her in a modest apartment is possible only on condition that she gets a full physical load.
That is, she will have to walk a lot, and not just wander around, but play and let her run freely. If the owners are not at home all day and the whole trip comes down to a half-hour promenade before bedtime, this is absolutely not suitable for Cane Corso. In this situation, he can spill out energy in an undesirable way: spoil household things.
“Cane Corso cannot be kept in a small, enclosed space. This is a large, mobile dog, which needs space and active games. "
Aviary is also undesirable. Although they can be written in various sources that the dog can be kept outdoors in a warm booth, in a good way it is better for him to live indoors. The representatives of this breed have smooth coat without undercoat, it practically does not warm, and is completely useless when the cold comes. In cold weather, the dog will suffer, and it is unlikely that the insulated booth will save the situation, especially if Corso lives in a region with cold winters.
Two sides of care
Care is generally quite simple. The dog needs to clean his ears regularly, especially if they are stopped - then dirt accumulates in the ears. But wool can be inconvenient. A significant minus is that it “pours” all year round, so the dog should be combed out more often with a stiff brush.
In summer, it is imperative to treat wool against parasites. Fleas and ticks feel very good on the skin of this dog due to its lack of undercoat. That is, nothing prevents them. But an animal with such "tenants" will be uncomfortable, not to mention that from the point of view of health there is nothing positive here. In general, if someone else believes that fleas love long hair and Cane Corso does not bring “surprises” home, he will be very disappointed.
Another important hygiene point is associated with estrus in bitches. This bothers some, but the Cane Corso is clean and the dog takes care of itself during this period. Sometimes the owners do not even notice that the estrus started. A plus can be called the fact that bitches do not behave violently during estrus. The period when they are worth walking, observing rigor, is only a week - from 8 to 16 days.
We add that dogs of both sexes, never knitted, tolerate the absence of an “intimate life” much more calmly than those who, as they say, have already tasted.
Also, as necessary, the animal will have to rinse his eyes and brush his teeth. Fortunately, now it is full of special toys and treats that remove plaque and help keep dog teeth healthy. This point can become a minus only if the owner does not want to spend an extra penny on the pet.
However, Cane Corso puppies themselves are expensive, especially if they have a good pedigree, and when you get such a dog, you must be prepared from the very beginning that it will require significant expenses. One meal will cost a tidy sum.
Divides the world into "friends" and "strangers"
Representatives of the Cane Corso breed very clearly separate people and other animals according to the principle of friend or foe. The owner himself needs to decide whether this is plus or minus. On the one hand, the dog perfectly protects and safeguards, on the other hand, it is very suspicious of strangers, it can scare a passerby or plumber with his intrusive attention and searching eyes, who came home to the owners. He will not fall for the first comer and is unlikely to accept the treat "it is not clear from whom."
However, thanks to his mind, a well-mannered corso will not rush at strangers. He knows how to distinguish real danger from imagined, and real aggression from the game.
Achilles' Thigh Cane Corso
Weakness of the breed and a noticeable minus - susceptibility to diseases of the joints and bones. So, Cane Corso often suffer from hip dysplasia. This is not just torture for a dog. If treatment is not started in time, the disease progresses, and the animal may completely stop walking. Imagine how many difficulties will appear then, up to the point that the dog will have to be euthanized. At the same time, it is impossible to completely cure an already begun disease.
To be safe, already at the stage of choosing a puppy, find out his entire pedigree. Joint problems in Corso are hereditary - if one of the parents had them, the likelihood of developing the disease is also high for their offspring.
But, unfortunately, even healthy parents are not a guarantee, so you will have to constantly monitor the physical shape of the dog.
And what would you call the minus or plus of the Cane Corso breed? Share your experience, ask questions in the comments and do not forget to rate the article - how useful was it for you?
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Attitude towards children
I can’t even believe that such a beautiful breed as Cane Corso received official status only about two decades ago. Now this breed is the national pride of Italy. The history of Cane Corso loses its roots in the distant past, there was a time when this type of dog practically died out, but then again revived.
If you want to have a true friend, guard, companion and have experience with guard dogs, buy a Cane Corso puppy. With proper care, upbringing and training, an obedient and loyal dog will grow out of it, who is not afraid to trust even a child.
To find the beginning of the history of the Cane Corso breed, you need to "look" into the distant past. Representatives of the oldest group of Molossians are direct ancestors of modern Corso. Their ancient Roman ancestors took part in the competition as gladiator dogs. Not only their powerful jaws, muscles, but also fearlessness helped to fight against opponents that were superior in size, strength, and defeat corso in fights.
When the Roman Empire collapsed, these war dogs lost their popularity. At the beginning of the Middle Ages, the history of the Italian breed again gained momentum. Cane Corso spread throughout Europe. Their images were preserved on canvases and engravings of that period. Artists could not ignore this fearless dog, which was used when hunting wild animals. Powerful dogs did not retreat either in front of a bear or in front of a wild boar. The Italians of that time, and contemporaries too, say: "Brave, like Corso."
Over time, the hunting skills of the Roman Molossians faded into the background, became unclaimed. Now the duties of Cane Corso included the protection of livestock and farms. Dogs were used when driving large herds. In a word, dogs of this breed could be found in the countryside, on city streets they were very rare.
This lasted until the outbreak of war with the Nazis. Over the years of battles with the German invaders, the Cane Corso population has declined significantly. At the end of the war, the breed was on the verge of extinction. At this time, Italian dogs were rarely seen even on farmland. Experienced breeders managed to restore the breed and increase the number of its representatives, who noticed in time that the Cane Corso is facing extinction. The revival of the Roman Molossians began with several surviving individuals of purebred blood. Now representatives of the Italian breed can be found both in the city and in the countryside. The extinction of these dogs is no longer threatened, their popularity is growing.
Cane Corso belongs to large breeds with well-developed muscles. Adult Weight 40-50 kg.height at withers 60-68 cm. Males are noticeably larger than bitches. A characteristic feature of the breed is that the length of the slightly sloping body exceeds the growth at the withers.
A wide, large head with a protruding forehead rests on a powerful neck. Ears have a triangular shape, hanging.
In many cases, the ears stop. The width of the muzzle exceeds the length. Jaws powerful, light snack. Black nose with large nostrils. The eyes are a little bulging, dark. According to the standard, eye color is lighter, corresponding to the color. The form is oval, the look is attentive, studying.
The chest is well developed, the body is powerful. Forelegs with well-developed muscles, long, powerful shoulders. Hind limbs with dry tibia and long thigh. The skin is thick.
The tail is thick, set high. Stopped after the fourth vertebra. If the dog is alert, agitated, it lifts him up. It is unacceptable by standard that the tail be twisted or upright.
Coat is short with a small undercoat. The coat color can be red and gray with different shades, tiger, black. On the face there is a gray or black mask, with the exception of Cane Corso with gray or black coat color. According to the standard, white marks are allowed on the legs and chest.
Maintenance and care
It’s not difficult to keep corsa and look after it. But if you do not follow the usual rules, the dog will not feel comfortable, will not be able to fully develop and will hurt.
To begin with, the Cane Corso breed is from Italy, it is not suitable for keeping in the yard during our severe winter frosts. If you still keep such a dog in the aviary, provide it with a warm booth. Puppies generally can not be kept indoors without heating. It should also be remembered that corsairs need to communicate, with enclosures they need to be released for walks, play, and often communicate with them.
Those times were left in the past when the corsa guarded the property of Italian farmers and were kept only on the street. Nowadays, these dogs get along well in apartments. With proper education, they behave calmly and do not cause problems. But if they deprive them of the opportunity to throw out the accumulated energy, they will begin to play pranks, trying furniture, interior items, shoes, etc.
If such a dog gets bored, if he is left alone for a long time, he is able to crack open even the front door. That is why daily long walks are so important, during which the dog should be able to run around, jump, play with the owner and with other dogs.
Having settled a puppy in the house, be prepared that he will whine for the first time at night, missing his mother. If you warm yourself on your bed at least once, it will be very difficult to evict him from your apartment. The pet quickly takes over the territory and begins to consider the master’s bedroom to be its own. Therefore, it is so important from the first day to determine the puppy's place with a couch, on which he will sleep and rest. This place should not be at the back of the house, not in a draft, not near heating appliances. Also, immediately in a certain place, install bowls for food and water.
It is important to carry out all hygiene procedures on time and correctly:
- Comb the hair once a week with a stiff brush, during molting 2-3 times a week.
- If necessary, treat against fleas and ticks. Due to the lack of undercoat, parasites can cause the dog a lot of suffering and even lead to diseases.
- Bathe 1-2 times a year or with severe contamination. Considering the fact that Cane Corso loves natural ponds, in the warmer months, give your pet the opportunity to splash around in a lake or stream.
- Regularly inspect and clean the ears, if they are cropped, become contaminated faster than hanging ones. The owner must consider this fact. During the procedure, use shreds of soft tissue or gauze soaked in a special liquid purchased at a veterinary pharmacy.
- Wipe eyes with cotton swabs. Make sure that there is no excessive discharge. If you notice inflammation or excessive discharge, consult your veterinarian.
- Cut nails as they grow.
The following rules must be observed:
1. Adult dogs feed 2 times a day.
2. Change the feed gradually so that the animal’s stomach responds normally to changes in food.
3. Food should be of high quality, whether it’s natural foods or dry food.
4. Feed at the same time.
5. Do not leave leftovers in the bowl.
6. Do not overfeed, so that there is no obesity.
7. Food should be balanced.
8. Provide the necessary amount of vitamin and mineral supplements.
9. Clean, fresh, cool water should always be available to the pet.
If you want to get a dog, you need to contact specialized organizations where professionals work. Only there you can get a healthy and cheerful baby, and not a sick and gloomy animal.
- “Kennel Cane Corso“ Exclusive-N ”” (Moscow),
- "KANE CAVALCADO" (Moscow region),
- Vestar Sapphire (Yalta),
- “Ollada Harlequin” (Moscow).
Important! Before going to a dog training organization, you need to find out all the information about it.
Nicknames for boys and girls: what to call
When choosing a name for a pet, you can show imagination or stop at one of the common options:
- the males are called: Apollo, Thunders, White, Mountains, Dexters, Zeus, Parkers, Franks, Caesars, Sultans, Shahs, Chips,
- for females they choose Alma, Bessi, Gloria, Dana, Zita, Keri, Molly, Nick, Chelsea, Utah, Elsa or Ellie.
The nickname should not be consonant with the name of the neighbor's dog, remind the team, be easy to remember and short.
Pros and cons of the breed
The positive qualities of the Italian Cane Corso include:
- attractiveness and magnificent appearance, prestige of ownership,
- excellent watchdog qualities, perfect protection for the owner, his family and property,
- unlimited devotion to the owner,
- the ability to get along with young owners or pets,
- easy care of the coat,
- easy training, lack of dominance.
Negative factors are related:
- with the size and strength of the pet, which require proper education,
- leadership qualities - to adjust relations in the house, the owner will need maximum patience,
- the need for a long walk in the fresh air - at least 2 hours,
- high food costs,
- regular salivation - you will have to periodically wipe the dog's face and monitor the condition of the furniture,
- the risk of developing hip dysplasia,
- high cost
- a bite from a poorly trained dog can lead to broken bones of the host grief.
Important! Positive qualities prevail, which allowed the four-legged handsome men to gain wide popularity among the population. The acquisition of a future family member is not only a matter of prestige, but also the rather high costs of food, toys and visiting a veterinarian.
The dog Cane Corso is an ideal guardian and protector of the whole family, a wonderful companion and reliable friend. Animals have high intelligence and innate intelligence, devotion. They calmly endure games with kids, do not show jealousy or discontent. Proper care and upbringing will help to get a healthy, active and good-natured handsome man.
The breed standards recorded in the FC documents are valid only from last January. In accordance with breed standards, these dogs must have:
- A large and typically doglike head with a slightly upturned muzzle.
- A wide cranial box with the presence of the frontal groove, a forehead convex in front, in which there is a noticeable flattening within the parietal region.
- A pronounced transition from the forehead to the muzzle.
- Black and large nose, as well as wide and well-open nostrils, which are in line with the nasal back.
- A square, massive muzzle, with a blunt, but parallel lateral relief.
- Visibly sagging upper lips that are found on the lower jaw.
- Large enough, massive and curved, with a tight bite of the teeth.
- Medium in size, oval, directly set, slightly convex, with tight-fitting eyelids. At the same time, the iris of the eyes has a dark shade, and the eyes themselves are distinguished by a penetrating and quite attentive look.
- Triangular, hanging, with a wide base and ears high above the cheekbones.
- A strong, muscular neck, the length of which is equal to the length of the head.
- Pronounced and towering over the croup of the withers.
- Well developed and reaching to the elbows chest.
- A high-set, very thick tail at the base, which, when moving, the animal holds high.
The forelimbs of the animal are quite long, oblique and very muscular shoulders. The humerus bones are strong and almost sheer and strong forearms. The wrists are flexible, and the cat's paws. The hind limbs end with long and wide hips. The back line is convex, and the legs are strong and fleshy. The movements are quite wide and sweeping.
Cane Corso at home
This popular Italian breed does not require special conditions of detention, while it will feel great both in a city apartment and on the street, in a specially equipped cage. Despite the ease of care, you still have to adhere to a number of recommendations for care and hygiene. It is very important to provide the animal with complete feed.
Care and hygiene
Despite the fact that the Cane Corso breed is short-haired, it is nevertheless necessary to monitor the coat. The dog needs regular massage, as well as combing dead hair. This will allow the dog to preserve the natural luster and beauty of the coat. To clean the coat, you can use a special brush of medium hardness. It is necessary to comb the wool in the direction of its growth.
Ear hygiene comes down to standard actions to remove contaminants or natural secretions, in the form of earwax. As a rule, the auricles are cleaned with small cotton-gauze swabs. They are moistened in warmed vegetable oil or in a special solution of chamomile with hydrogen peroxide.
It's important to know! Caring for the oral cavity of a dog requires special measures, since the formation of tartar is possible. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to clean the oral cavity of the dog with specially designed pastes and brushes.
If discharge in the form of purulent formations accumulates in the eyes of the animal, then this should not be attributed to pathology. These secretions should be carefully removed with a gauze cloth, which is preferably moistened in a special solution of medicinal chamomile. If tartar has nevertheless appeared on the teeth, then it can only be removed with the help of a professional.
Diseases and birth defects
This breed of dog can suffer from inversion or inversion of the eyelids, profuse tearing, and also on the cherry eye. At the same time, bloating and epilepsy, problems with the normal functioning of the thyroid gland, as well as the manifestation of allergic reactions are also noted.
Deviations in the parallelism of the muzzle and forehead, as well as anomalies in the shape of the muzzle, which can be expressed in too upturned or wedge-shaped form, are also possible. Partial depigmentation of the nose, a clear bite or scissor bite, hook-shaped tail, against the background of deviations in growth standards are also manifested.
The main disqualifying defects include a lowered muzzle, lack of pigmentation of the nose, humpiness and overshotness, lack of pigmentation of the eyelids, blue eyes, strabismus, including a short tail. The quality of the coat should not go beyond the requirements, therefore, the coat should be short, not smooth and not have distinct tows.
Pros of breed Cane Corso:
2. Good disposition, poise.
3. Excellent security, guard qualities.
4. Mind, learning abilities.
5. Tender, caring attitude towards children.
6. Good attitude to other pets, the desire to take them under their care.
7. Easy care and maintenance.
1. A long period of molting.
2. Excessive slobbering.
3. Expensive food.
4. Cold intolerance; keeping in an aviary is not recommended.
5. The need for long walks during which active games are needed.
6. Joint problems.
All the disadvantages listed above will not ward off the desire of connoisseurs of powerful and at the same time affectionate dogs to purchase a purebred puppy of the Italian breed Cane Corso. With proper upbringing, a dog will grow out of him, able to give the owner warmth and tenderness, and in a dangerous situation save his life.
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Cane Corso breed: where to buy
Nowadays it is very problematic to purchase a purebred puppy of this breed. In addition, choosing a puppy is a problem that only a professional can handle. In no case should you rely on your basic knowledge or simply on the recommendations of breeders.
It is very good if the kennels that practice breeding dogs of a known breed use imported producers related to the founders of the real cane corso. This will be evidence that they sell dogs that have a typical behavior, high performance, powerful skeleton and graceful movements. Parents of puppies must pass all tests and be tested by manufacturers who are not prone to dysplasia.
What to look for
When choosing a Cane Corso puppy, you should pay attention to such factors as:
- The parents have all the documents of the puppy, indicating that they passed all tests for the presence of ulnar and hip dysplasia, with the official conclusion of the RKF specialist.
- The presence of all tests in parents related to the absence of mental defects, which should be attested in a separate document.
- A parent couple participating in a breeding work must have a "very good" rating from a breeding show.
As a rule, babies from numerous litters are larger, and they are stronger and more well-fed. Despite this, the puppies must be absolutely healthy, be active and playful, have a great appetite, be curious and not be cowardly. Nowadays, the implementation of animals that are exclusively reminiscent of breed standards by their external characteristics is practiced more.
In such pets, over time, various negative problems associated with the nature of behavior can manifest themselves. This can be either a marriage in the work of breeders, or problems with raising an animal, which is more likely because not all owners bother with the problems of raising and socializing the animal.
All puppies offered must have all vaccinations, as well as cropped ears and a tail. Kids can easily determine whether they correspond to the breed type, according to the good anatomical structure, as well as a clean and calm look. Such individuals are practically socialized and have a stable and strong psyche. It remains only to properly raise the animal in the family, in a calm environment. The fact that puppies have all the vaccinations should be accompanied by supporting documents. The owner should be left with such documents as a metric, a veterinary passport and a standard sales document.
The cost of puppies Cane Corso
It is natural that puppies in the pedigree of which include producers of the most famous kennels of world renown, such as “Della Porta Dipinta”, “Del Rosso Malpelo”, “Cane Per La Vista” and “Best Fingerprints Off Destim”, are the most expensive. The most expensive puppies, and therefore the most promising, quite often become titled, both abroad and in our country.
As a rule, the cost of a purebred puppy starts from the 1st thousand dollars and not lower. In this case, individuals with rare coat colors are much more expensive.
Naturally, not everyone welcomes the fact that dogs of these breeds are kept at home. This dog is not small, so it needs enough living space. And if there are two dogs? According to experienced dog breeders, it is permissible to keep 2 dogs of the same breed in the house, but you need to know that 2 females get along easily and without problems on the same territory. If we talk about males, then they get along badly and often conflict with each other. One can only imagine how dangerous these conflicts are, given their origin.
The Cane Corso breed is distinguished by the fact that physical activity, in the form of frequent and long walks, is very important for normal life. Despite the features of the breed, even novice dog breeders can start it. At the same time, it is better to visit training sites and contact with professionals.
To everyone a note! Those who wish to have a Cane Corso dog at home should be aware that the external data, mental characteristics and behavior, as well as performance characteristics, are inherited. Therefore, the best option is to purchase a puppy in a specialized nursery.
Such an approach allows minimizing the risks associated with the acquisition of an animal that does not meet breed standards. If you choose the puppy wisely and then educate him correctly, you can get a faithful and affectionate friend for life. It is better to acquire a puppy after reaching 6 months of life, since teeth change by this period, so you can determine the nature of the bite, including eye color. At this point, it is already possible to easily determine the flaws in the structure of the limbs, as well as the nature of the movement.
The maintenance of such a breed of dog at home is a huge responsibility, primarily to relatives, friends and children. First of all, it should be decided whether there is enough strength and stubbornness to overcome the stubbornness of this dog, especially on their own, without contacting specialists for help. In most cases, the owners still can not cope with the task. As a result, everyone suffers, because the dog has to be kept in an aviary, away from family members. An ill-bred and not socialized dog is an angry dog that is not able to react correctly to the outside world. There are a lot of cases of attacks of such breeds of dogs simply on passers-by or on family members. As a result, people get serious injuries, sometimes not compatible with life.
As life shows, many dogs have huge dogs in order to protect their home, as well as members of their family, but they forget or simply don’t realize that the dog needs to be trained so that its strength and energy, as well as its skills, are directed in the right direction . Unfortunately, raising a dog is an everyday and hard work that will surely pay off with many positive aspects, including safety.