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Hemlock spotted (omega)

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Konium (conium maculatum) or spotted hemlock is a plant of the umbelliferous family. To prepare the tincture, flowering tops are needed, which are collected some time before the fruits ripen. The collection is carried out in the month of July. The conium was introduced into homeopathy by the doctor of medical sciences Hahnemann. The pathogenesis of the drug can be found in his work "Chronic diseases."

How the conium acts on the patient’s body

Weak toxic doses of conium cause a feeling of relaxation, loss of strength. A person can not maintain balance, complains of vision problems. At the same time, consciousness is not disturbed, remaining clear. After some time, the ability to move disappears. If the dose is increased, then dizziness, palpitations and respiration can be observed.

In the case of a strong dose, which enters directly into the bloodstream, excitement occurs. Then the lower limbs weaken, followed by the upper limbs. The pupils dilate, the ability to see something gradually disappears. In conclusion, there is respiratory muscle paralysis and death.

The action of the drug in high doses was described above. Of primary importance is its effect on the motor centers. However, homeopathic experiments with low dosages prove that the conium also acts on the glands and skin. In addition, it should be noted its effect on the mammary glands (the drug resolves the tumor). A similar effect is exerted on the ovaries and testicles.

Finally, pathogenesis also refers to the effect of conium on the larynx and laryngeal nerves. The drug causes attacks of constant coughing.

Indications for use of conium

The homeopathic medicine Konium is recommended for dizziness and tumors of the mammary glands, especially if they were caused by injuries. It helps with scrofula and some types of pulmonary consumption (cough manifests itself mainly at night). The drug is prescribed for acute inflammation of the spinal cord and paresis of the upper eyelids.

The drug Konium is effective for facial neuralgia, a sign of which is pain in the infraorbital nerve, especially at night. Helps to cope with excess hydrochloric acid in the stomach and stomach cancer.

The next group of ailments from which the homeopathic remedy rescues is eye diseases. Also, the medicine heals from coughing (constant, dry, which becomes stronger at night or consumptive, which cause deep breaths).

Finally, the conium can help with diseases of the prostate gland, the main symptom of which is urine, which is released dropwise.

Who is the conium for?

The constitutional type of conium is mostly old people who walk slowly. Their gait can be called trembling. Also, patients complain of weakness during walks, problems with the limbs. In fact, all the ailments of the elderly correspond to this homeopathic remedy.

The type of conium is people with a breakdown, hypochondria, disorders of the genitourinary system, and memory problems.

In addition to the patients described above, the conium is also recommended for people suffering from scrofula and cancer.

Description

Biennial herb. In the first year of life, a bunch of root leaves develops very similar to the leaves of garden parsley and parsnip, which can be the cause of poisoning with a hemlock. In the second year, a strongly branched furrowed stalk with a bluish tinge develops, covered with reddish-brown spots below and having a arched structure, the internodes of the stalk are inflated. The stalk on fertile soil reaches 2 m in height, usually 70–150 cm. The lower leaves are petiolate, trophyriose, up to 60 cm long, the middle and upper ones are smaller and less complex, almost sessile. The flowers are white, small, collected in numerous complex umbrellas forming a corymbose-paniculate inflorescence. Fruits are two-seeded, breaking up into two half-fruits. Color - gray with lighter ribs. Propagated by seeds. The plant has an unpleasant mouse odor. Powerful etheronos.

The plant is very poisonous (especially the fruits until they fully ripen)! A long stay near the plant or in its thickets causes severe poisoning.

Spotted hemlock (Conium maculatum)

Hemlock spotted, this is a biennial bare, herbaceous plant from the family of umbellate. Its whitish root has a fusiform shape. The stalk is thin-furrowed, branched, hollow inside, outside with a bluish bloom, and also with spots of red-brown color. Its height is about 60-180 cm. The lower leaves are 30-60 cm long, and in outline are wide-triangular, petiolate, thrice-pinnate. But the middle and upper leaves, almost sessile, smaller and less complex, with narrow vaginas. The final lobes of the leaves are oblong, pinnately incised or separate.

Hemlock flowers are small, white, five-dimensional. They are collected in numerous complex umbrellas, and in sum they form a corymbose-paniculate inflorescence. Its flowers are very similar to parsley flowers, leaves - to carrot leaves. It blooms in June-July, the seeds ripen in August-September. It occurs almost throughout the European part of Russia, in Western Siberia, the Caucasus, and Central Asia. It grows in wastelands, near housing, along roads, in deposits, less often in clearings and shrubs.

Hemlock is one of the most poisonous plants, and its fruits and leaves are especially poisonous. Therefore, in ancient times, hemlock was often used as a deadly poison.

A person’s poisoning can accidentally occur when stems are ingested by the children mistakenly taken for the angel from which the whistles are made, when eating seeds that are very similar to dill, and also when the ridges are clogged with vegetable crops. Hemlock also causes contact damage to both the skin and mucous membranes, and they proceed as a severe allergic reaction. There are cases of poisoning starving cattle eating green hemlock. In this case, poisoning already occurs when horses eat only 2 - 3 kg of fresh grass, and cattle - in prekdely 4 - 5 kg. In ducks, poisoning from a hemlock is observed when eating only 50 - 70 g of leaves. With a mild form of poisoning, a person develops nausea, vomiting, and even diarrhea. Therefore, official medicine does not recommend using this plant for prophylaxis, and folk medicine uses it widely.

Signs of hemlock poisoning: first itching occurs in the mouth, behind the sternum, in the epigastric region, along with this, partial numbness of the skin occurs, dizziness and headache appear, and visual and hearing impairment is noted. The pupils are dilated, the face is pale, salivation, then vomiting. Against the background of a rapid heartbeat and irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath with difficulty breathing out is observed. Certain muscle groups may twitch.

Hemlock venom that enters the gastrointestinal tract is rapidly absorbed from it. The initial symptoms of hemlock poisoning appear after about 1.5 - 2 hours, and sometimes after 20 - 30 minutes. Most often, poisoning develops in children who eat hemlock rhizomes, mistaking them for ordinary carrots. They have salivation, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, dilated pupils, tachycardia, followed by clonic-tonic convulsions and respiratory depression, loss of consciousness and collapse.

In severe cases of poisoning, muscle weakness increases, which turns into muscle paralysis, starting from the lower extremities. After loss of consciousness, death may occur due to respiratory arrest due to paralysis of the respiratory center and chest muscles.

In case of hemlock poisoning, the main treatment: gastric lavage with a 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate, saline laxative, liquid paraffin through a probe, and also drink an aqueous suspension of activated charcoal. The main attention should be paid to the fight against respiratory failure by inhaling oxygen, in ordinary doses of apaleptics. When breathing stops, artificial respiration is used, and for accelerated elimination of poison from the body - osmotic diuretics, furosemide.

Hemlock is a potent anti-cancer drug and has been used for a long time in this medicine. This plant occupies an important place in a number of drugs that suppress cancer cells. Alkaloids, and the main one of them, horse meat - are the active ingredients of the hemlock, the highest content of which is in the fruits.

Short description of hemlock spotted

Hemlock spotted (mottled) Is a biennial herb with a spindle-shaped root of a whitish color. The stalk is naked, 60–180 cm high, branched, thinly furrowed, hollow, with a bluish bloom and red-brown spots. The lower leaves are petiolate, outlines wide-triangular, three-pinnate, 30-60 cm long. The middle and upper leaves are smaller and less complex, almost sessile, with narrow sheaths. The final lobes of the leaves are oblong, pinnately incised or separate. White flowers are small, five-dimensional, collected in numerous complex 16–20-ray umbrellas forming a corymbose-paniculate inflorescence. Flowers are very similar to parsley flowers, leaves - to carrot leaves. Fruits are ovoid-oval two-seeded with wavy ribs, gray seeds inside. The plant has an unpleasant mouse odor.

It blooms from mid-June to mid-September, the seeds ripen in August - September.

Places of growth

There is almost hemlock throughout the European part of Russia, in Western Siberia, the Caucasus, Central Asia. The plant is very thermophilic, weedy, finds optimal conditions in thickets of burdocks, in wastelands, landfills, among debris, near housing, along roads, in fallows, in parks, gardens, kitchen gardens and forest edges, less often in glades and shrubs.

Hemlock

For therapeutic purposes, harvest inflorescences, leaves and seeds.

In early June, a stronger and sometimes human-reaching hemlock throws out inflorescences full of essential oil. Hemlock is a strong etheronos. Its unpleasant mouse smell causes a severe headache, therefore, when collecting inflorescences, the hemlock should be approached from the side of the wind. Leaves are collected at the beginning of flowering, flowers and unripe seeds - together with umbrellas. When the umbrellas dry, the seeds fall off.

It is desirable to collect inflorescences in two containers. In a half-liter jar, collect crushed inflorescences with the addition of a small amount of young leaves. Filling half the indicated capacity, pour its contents into a three-liter jar, and then pour 0.5 liters of vodka. You can also use high-quality moonshine, since tumors also die in the presence of fusel oils. If the inflorescences are not very crushed, they are collected in a larger container, for example, in a liter jar, then an undesirable reaction will begin in the bank with the release of heat, which is detrimental to raw materials. Therefore, pouring hemlock into a three-liter bottle, it is advisable to shake its contents, wetting everything with vodka. Collect the bottle to half and, having arrived home, pour vodka to the top of it. After that, seal tightly with a lid or polyethylene and put in a dark, cool place for 14 days. In cases of urgent need, you can use the tincture after 3-5 days, but it is better to insist longer. For regular use, pour a little tincture and gently put it in the refrigerator away from food.

If the place for drying is not far from the place of collection of the plant, you can do the usual method of harvesting. Stems, leaves, flowers are dried immediately after collection, in the shade under awnings or in dryers with artificial heating, at temperatures up to 40 ° C. The seeds in the umbrellas are dried in the same way, then carefully separated from them. Store dried grass and seeds in bags, in well-ventilated, dry rooms. When the plant is dried, its toxic properties are significantly reduced due to the decomposition of alkaloids.

The chemical composition of the hemlock spotted

The hemlock fruit contains up to 2% alkaloids, the main of which are methyl, conhydrin, pseudo-conhydrin and fatty oil, which contains glycerides of petrozelinic and petrozelidic acids, in the leaves - up to 0.1% alkaloids, up to 0.08% of essential oil and caffeic acid. Quercetin and kempferol were isolated from the flowers. The most potent of the five alkaloids contained in the hemlock is found in roots, herbs and fruits (they are especially poisonous!). Even the botanical name of the plant - "conium" - warns of danger itself, since it comes from the Greek "horse" - mortification.

All these active ingredients form the basis of the chemical composition of common privet (wolf berries).

Pharmacological properties of hemlock spotted

The pharmacological properties of hemlock are determined by its chemical composition.

In folk medicine, hemlock is used as a sedative, anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant and analgesic for painful conditions accompanied by convulsions or spasm of internal organs - chorea, epilepsy, whooping cough, migraine.

The use of a hemlock in medicine, treatment with a hemlock

  • With breast and prostate cancer, hemlock spotted is an excellent pain reliever.
  • Hemlock also stimulates the work of blood-forming organs, eliminates varicose enlargements.
  • For various pains arising from diseases of the digestive system, genitourinary organs, as well as with urinary retention in the bladder, with anemia, night ejaculation, delayed menstruation, persistent painful cough, folk medicine uses alcohol tincture from a mixture of seeds and leaves.
  • In case of female and nervous diseases, preparations from the grass, seeds and roots of the hemlock are used as external and internal agents. Leaves are used for analgesic poultices for various tumors. In folk medicine in Bulgaria, fresh leaf poultices are used for rheumatism and gout.
  • From the old “Herbalist”: “Hemlock has a wonderful sedative effect, intoxicates a person and makes him sleep, and his juice drives a motley color (freckles) off his face. Hemlock and causes menstruation, and stops them. If you pluck your hair and grease that place with hemlock juice (or its ointment), then your hair will never grow there again. Hemlock protects against rashes with measles. If the hemlock juice is lubricated with the penis, this procedure will weaken it. ”

Dosage forms, method of administration and dosage of hemlock spotted preparations

Effective medicines and forms used in the treatment of many diseases are made from inflorescences, leaves and seeds of a hemlock. Consider the main ones.

Hemlock tincture: mix 1 part of leaves with 2 parts of seeds. Pour 2 parts of the mixture with 4 parts of alcohol, insist for 14 days and strain. Take 2 drops per 1 tbsp. l water 3 times a day for cancer of the esophagus. Or according to the following scheme: in the morning on an empty stomach, 1 hour before a meal, start with one drop in 0.5 cups of water, increasing daily a drop of tincture, bringing it to 40 drops. Then daily, in one drop, reduce the use of tincture from 40 drops to one. After 80 days of treatment, you can eat normally, as before the disease. The second course of treatment is carried out after a month according to the above scheme. The third - fixing course - is carried out at will, in six months.

Hemlock tincture: pour 4 parts of 90% alcohol into 2 parts of a mixture of crushed leaves and seeds (by volume), insist 15 days in a dark, cool place, periodically shaking the contents, strain. Store in a dark, cool place (out of the reach of children and strangers), with the obligatory label "Poison!". Take 1-2 drops of tincture per 1 tbsp. l water, 3 times a day, before meals with unbearable pain in the stomach and intestines, constipation, urinary retention, with anemia, stopping menstruation, convulsive cough, pollutions, chorea, epilepsy, migraine. Hemlock herb infusion:

Hemlock herb infusion (1: 100) is taken orally for 1 tsp. 3 times a day before meals with dropsy and chronic forms of jaundice. In children's practice, this infusion or alcohol tincture is taken orally, with great care, with pulmonary tuberculosis, persistent convulsive cough, rickets, inflammation of the glands.

Hemlock preparations are used for severe prolonged headaches, in the form of lotions for chronic eye inflammation, hearing loss, impotence, and bone diseases.

Leaf juice and alcohol tincture of leaves in very small doses (2 drops per 1 tbsp. L.) Are used in cancer and as an internal painkiller, sedative and anticonvulsant.

Pour fresh leaves of hemlock into boiling water, wrap in gauze and use as a painkiller poultice.

Leaves of hemlock are used for analgesic poultices with various tumors, with rheumatism and gout. To do this, pour fresh or dry hemlock leaves with boiling water and wrap in gauze. Pads are an excellent painkiller. In the treatment of external forms of cancer, fresh hemlock leaves, smeared with honey, are applied to the affected areas.

Poultices from hemlock grass and shepherd’s bag are recommended for women with babies, when there is a large rush of milk to the nipples.

The hemlock grass, boiled in milk or steamed in boiling water, is applied to places affected by gangrene, treat solid tumors, relieve pain in gout, soften bone growths, and eliminate tumors in elephantiasis.

A patch of fresh juice and powder (with the addition of rosin and boiled bleached oil) is used for external malignant neoplasms.

Fresh crushed hemlock grass is applied to the goiter, changing the dressing 2 times a day.

The hemlock herb in the form of a powder is consumed 0.05 g each morning and evening with sugar or with licorice root powder, gradually increasing the dose to 0.6–1.2 g. Extreme care should be taken in increasing the dose of hemlock powder, carefully observing for the well-being of patients. Pills consisting of one part of hemlock extract and 5 parts of body powder are also recommended. The initial dose of 0.3 g. Take 2 times a day - in the morning, on an empty stomach, and in the evening. The dose is gradually adjusted to 0.6 g.

Hemlock herb powder is used as an external remedy for warts in the nose, an eyesore.

The hemlock herb powder along with a burnt sea sponge is taken orally by 0.3 g and applied externally for night blindness, internal cataracts, epilepsy and deafness, bronchial asthma, hardening of the laryngeal glands, nasal polyp, goiter.

Hemlock ointment:

Ointment (hemlock powder dissolved in honey) is applied to inflamed lymph nodes. Ointment works perfectly.

If wound healing ointments do not help for 5-6 days, then take 1 tbsp. l powder of hemlock leaves and stirring with 1 tbsp. l honey, attach to the wound. Hold for 12 hours. If necessary, the ointment is applied again, after washing the wound with a decoction of St. John's wort.

To wash out malignant ulcers, 5–7 g of an herb extract dissolved in 350 ml of lime water are used. This mixture is characterized by an excellent wound healing property. Lime water can be obtained as follows: pour thick fresh slaked lime with water to completely cover it. Let stand for 1.5–2 days (but not less than 1 day). It will turn out absolutely pure water. Drain it carefully and apply for medicinal purposes. Tincture of hemlock flowers:

Tincture of hemlock flowers: pour 2 liters of 70% alcohol or 2 bottles of vodka plus 2 bottles of 96% medical alcohol into a three-liter bottle. Pour finely chopped hemlock inflorescences there (a liter jar). Close the bottle tightly with polyethylene, put for 3 weeks in a dark, cool place, periodically shaking the contents. In the treatment of cancer, pre-oncology, radiation sickness, traditional medicine recommends the internal use of alcohol tinctures from hemlock inflorescences according to the following scheme.

In the morning (8.00), on an empty stomach, on a half glass of water 1 drop of tincture. The next day - 2 drops, and so for 25 days, adding 1 drop every day. Since hemlock is a strong poison, its use is reflected in the body - it makes you nauseous. If, for example, with 15 drops it becomes uncomfortable, then it is necessary to return to 13 drops and take this dosage for 4–5 days, then increase it daily again drop by drop. If discomfort appears again with 21 drops, you must return to 19, hold out for 4-5 days, and then continue to increase the dosage, bringing up to 25 drops.

After taking 25 drops, the dosage and methodology change. Starting from 8.00 every 4 hours (8–12–16–20), take 15 drops per reception, increasing the daily intake to 60. If you feel overload, reduce the intake from 60 drops to 45, skipping 1 dose (at 16.00). And after 2 weeks, when the immune system is strong enough, switch to 60 drops - and so take until completely cured.

If individual intolerance appears, it will become difficult to add up to 25 drops (the body is weakened by the disease), stop at 20, using the dosage regimen: 15 drops 2 times a day. Then gradually add every 2 weeks at each dose 15 drops, gaining a daily rate of 60 drops.

But it’s possible that in the very beginning you will have to stick 3-5 drops per week until the body “tunes in” to the poison.

There is a more gentle method of using tinctures of hemlock infused with three liters of 70% alcohol.

In the morning at 8.00, take 1 drop of tincture in 0.5 cups of water. And so 15 days, adding 1 drop every day. Bring the daily rate to 15 drops. On the 16th day, take 2 times a day - at 8.00 and 16.00, 10 drops. And so (in such a dosage) - 2 weeks, and then add another 10 drops - at 12 noon, bringing the daily rate to 30 drops. After 2 weeks, you should add another 10 drops at 20.00, and again hold on for 2-3 weeks by 40. After feeling that the body is used to this dosage, the dose of each dose should be increased by another 5 drops, bringing the daily rate to 60 (at 8.00, 12.00 , 16.00 and 20.00 hours, 15 drops per reception).

But if the body does not perceive tincture at such a dosage, it is worth stopping at 40 drops.

It is useful to replace ordinary water taken with a hemlock tincture with a tincture of a mixture of herbs such as St. John's wort, fireweed, meadowsweet, lemon balm, peppermint, red clover inflorescences, etc.

Contraindications hemlock speckled

Speckled hemlock - one of the most dangerous plants of the umbelliferous family. The poisonous substance of the hemlock - horse meat, by the strength of its action, resembles the poison of curare. Moreover, all parts of the plant are very poisonous. Hemlock poisoning occurs when its leaves are mistaken for parsley leaves, and the root for horseradish root. In addition to the smell of parsley, it is distinguished by red spots on the stem. If stems are mistakenly mistaken by children for the angelica from which the whistles are made, when eating seeds similar to dill, poisoning occurs when the ridges with vegetable crops become clogged. Causes contact damage to the skin and mucous membranes, proceeding as severe allergic reactions.

When testing a hemlock in minimal doses, pain in the legs during movement, impaired bladder function (urinary incontinence), and weakening of the genital area are observed. A dangerous effect on the oculomotor nerve is expressed in the disturbance of accommodation, etc. In addition, an effect on the glandular tissue is noted: in men, swelling and hardening of the testicles appears, and in women, swelling, hardening and tumor-like hardening in the mammary glands.

The immobility of a person who has been poisoned by a high dose of hemlock is typical. Often, it is accompanied by excessive salivation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cramps, difficulty swallowing, and depression of cardiac activity.

The immediate cause of death in hemlock poisoning is respiratory muscle paralysis. In some cases, when poisoning develops very quickly, the victim dies from paralysis of the respiratory muscles. With any of these options, strangulation (asphyxia) plays a crucial role. Due to the paralyzing effect of the poison on the muscles, the victims do not have severe cramps.

Recognition of poisoning helps the fact that the victims, as a rule, remain conscious. Objective symptoms: a possible decrease in heart rate, alternating with increased frequency. Body temperature drops slightly, urine acquires an unpleasant smell of hemlock (resembling the smell of mice).

In severe poisoning, from the moment the poison enters the stomach until the death of a person, no more than one and a half hours pass. Only in rare cases, the disease is delayed up to a day or more due to the preservation of the function of the respiratory muscles. The duration of the course of severe poisoning does not give reason for optimism. It is possible to speak about the possibility of a favorable outcome only after improvement is noticeable in the patient's condition.

Hemlock is widely used in folk medicine, which increases the risk of poisoning. In addition, sometimes it is mistakenly used instead of edible plants having some resemblance to it (horseradish, carrots, parsnips, parsley). There are cases when the fruits of the hemlock are taken for the fruits of anise, caraway seeds.

Treatment of hemlock poisoning is difficult.

In the complex of therapeutic agents, repeated washing of the stomach with a 0.025% solution of potassium permanganate, an aqueous suspension of activated carbon is very important. It is important to maintain vomiting: warm milk, protein water.

After finishing gastric lavage, 30 g of magnesium sulfate or sodium sulfate should be injected through the probe to the victim.

To stop seizures, a 20% solution of sodium oxybutyrate (10–20 ml intravenously, dropwise) or a 5% solution of barbamil (5 ml intramuscularly) is administered. Muscle tone is normalized by subcutaneous (1 ml) or intravenous (20 ml of a 40% glucose solution) injections of a 0.05% solution of proserpine.

With the progression of poisoning, oxygen therapy and mechanical ventilation are carried out, followed by incubation and the introduction of muscle relaxants. The introduction of a 10% solution of corazole (2 ml subcutaneously), a 2.4% solution of aminophylline (10 ml intravenously), a 20–40% glucose solution (10 ml intravenously or subcutaneously), and a 5% isotonic solution is indicated. sodium chloride or Ringer-Locke solution, hemododez. Forced diuresis. Body warming, pneumonia prevention. Cases of poisoning starving cattle are known. Poisoning occurs when horses eat 2-3 kg of fresh grass, cattle - 4-5 kg, ducks - 50-70 g.

A bit of history

Hemlock was known in antiquity. In ancient Greece it was called "cockeyon", in ancient Rome - "conium", "tsikuta". Inhabitants of Athens with the juice of a hemlock poisoned prisoners on death row. There is a hypothesis that the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates was accused of “worshiping new gods,” sentenced to death through poisoning with the sap of hemlock hemlock, which deprives life painlessly. According to popular belief, the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates, who was sentenced to death, was poisoned by a cycut, or a poisonous milestone. In fact, mottled hemlock, whose juice, mixed with the juice of poppy - opium, was used to execute the death sentences in ancient Greece and the Roman Empire, cut short his life. The culprit of the confusion was Karl Linnaeus, who appropriated the Greek name for the hemlock to another plant.

The death of Socrates is described by his disciple Plato in The Fedon.

Three volunteers were found in the laboratory of the Vienna pharmacologist Professor Karl Schroff, nine times exposed themselves to the danger of fatal poisoning: they took a hemlock infusion, and then talked about their feelings. Regardless of the dose, three minutes after the start of the experiment, a heaviness appeared in the head, the face became hot and red, the consciousness darkened, it was impossible to think and concentrate on something, the head was spinning. Their eyesight was deteriorating, the pupils were expanding, their hearing was declining, their sense of touch was dull, it seemed that their skin was becoming fluffy and goose bumps ran around it. Soon they were so weak that they could barely hold their heads. When the experiment was over, they could hardly get home. The gait became automatic, they seemed to push the body forward, and the muscles almost did not work. The poisoning was accompanied by nausea and indigestion, the faces turned pale towards the end of the experiment, the cheeks broke, the pulse was at first frequent, then it became rare and weakened. Observations made later showed that signs of poisoning occur so quickly because the drug almost immediately begins to be absorbed into the blood. In addition to these symptoms, it causes increased secretion of the salivary glands, respiratory failure, paralysis of the endings of the sensory and motor nerves and the central nervous system. Death comes from respiratory paralysis. Three forms of poisoning with this poison are described: paralytic (the “Socrates form”, in which the feet are numb at first), delusional and the form with dizziness and visual impairment. Most often, these three forms appear simultaneously. The lethal dose of a hemlock for a person is from 0.5 to 1 g.

Meaning and Application

In ancient Greece, it was used as the “official” poison, which poisoned those sentenced to death. It is believed that the poison of hemlock was poisoned by Socrates and Fokion. Since the time of Hippocrates is considered a medicinal plant.

Cases of poisoning starving cattle are known. Poisoning occurs when horses eat 2-3 kg of fresh grass, cattle - 4-5 kg, ducks - 50-70 g. Silage and drying does not neutralize the plant. In case of poisoning, animals are given fresh milk.

The juice of a plant containing tannins is suitable for tanning certain types of skin (however, due to toxicity, it is rarely used for this purpose).

Honey plant, but strong toxicity excludes the possibility of its use as a honey plant.

Procurement method

Do not confuse with other umbrella plants! In view of the fact that hemlock is a powerful ether carrier and a highly poisonous plant, the collection of raw materials should be carried out from the side of the wind in a mask, gloves and extreme care must be taken! Do not taste the plant, do not allow children to collect, wash your face and hands thoroughly with running water and soap, and store the prepared raw materials separately from other medicinal plants.

All parts of the plant are poisonous!

Leaves and flowers are harvested at the beginning of flowering and dried in the usual way in the shade in the fresh air separately from other plants. Seeds are picked with umbrellas and dried as are leaves and flowers. When the umbrellas are dry, the seeds spill out easily. Dried raw materials are stored in hermetically sealed containers (glass jars with nylon covers) separately from other plants. Shelf life is 2 years.

For tincture, inflorescence and leaves are collected immediately in vodka.

The main symptoms of hemlock poisoning

  • In mild cases of poisoning, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract come to the fore - burning in the mouth, throat, salivation, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
  • In severe cases, ascending paralysis is observed. The limbs become heavy, poisoned people complain of a cooling of the whole body, crawling sensations in the limbs, loss of skin sensitivity and increasing suffocation. Dyspnea with difficulty breathing out, rapid heartbeat, irregular heartbeat. Twitching of individual muscle groups. The face is pale, swallowing is difficult, speech is impaired. There is salivation, shakiness, dizziness, expansion and unevenness of the pupils (they do not respond to light), visual and hearing impairment. Loss of consciousness, collapse. If you do not provide first aid, death occurs due to respiratory arrest due to paralysis of the muscles of the chest (paralysis of the respiratory center).
  • Poisoning with hemlock esters is manifested by severe weakness, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
  • Upon contact with the skin, the juice causes dermatitis.

Livestock poisoning has been reported. Poisoning occurs when horses eat 2-3 kg of fresh grass, cattle - 4-5 kg, ducks - 50-70 g.Silage and drying does not neutralize the plant. In case of poisoning, animals are given fresh milk.

Other application

  • The juice of the plant containing tannins is suitable for tanning certain types of skin (however, it is rarely used for this purpose due to the toxicity of the hemlock).
  • Due to its toxicity, this plant can be used as an insecticide.
  • Honey plant, but strong toxicity excludes the possibility of its use as a honey plant.

Mode of application

Strictly observe the dosage! Overdoses are unacceptable - inflammatory processes begin, the condition sharply worsens. If you feel worse, stop taking the hemlock and take a weak solution of potassium permanganate in milk for 3 days, then start lowering the doses to 1 drop or completely stop taking the drug if you do not feel better!

Hemlock is used in the form of poultices from leaves, alcohol tinctures and juice. When taking drugs from hemlock do not consume dairy products. It is not advisable to use canned food, animal fats, meat, smoked meats. It is advisable to follow a vegetarian diet, reduce salt and sugar intake.

There are many methods for preparing tinctures and treating hemlock tincture. More common methods proposed by the healer V.V. Tishchenko.

Tincture

For the preparation of tinctures, fresh hemlock or inflorescence inflorescences and some young leaves are usually used. If the plant has already bloomed, then you can use only young leaves that grow at the root, and later use seeds that also work well.

Raw materials should not be crushed. It is impossible to recruit a finely divided hemlock excessively, then it turns sour. And in vodka you always need to observe the proportion: a third of the dishes are crushed raw materials, and the rest (to the top) is vodka.

Hemlock tincture is always taken with water, and better - with water decoction of oregano. It is necessary to take into account its amount - the more water, the softer the poison is perceived by the body. Up to 13 drops are given 100 ml of water, from 13 to 26–150 ml, and from 26 to 40–200 ml of raw water. Also come in lower doses, only in reverse order. Monitor your condition: if signs of poisoning appear on 30–35 drops — nausea, retching, dizziness, weakness in the legs, etc. - it is necessary to stop the dose increase and immediately begin to decrease to 1 drop. Before recovery, it is necessary to go through several cycles.

1-option for the preparation of tinctures according to V.V. Tishchenko

Gather fresh hemlock inflorescences (flowering time - early June), chop them lightly with scissors, place them in a bowl, filling it to the top. Also top up with vodka. (The volume of the dishes does not matter). Having closed the dishes tightly, place in a dark cool place (refrigerator) for 18 days. The hood is ready to eat. After pouring the required amount of tincture into another dish, cover it with a lid and put it in the refrigerator.

2-version of the preparation of tinctures according to V.V. Tishchenko

As a raw material, you can also use young shoots of a hemlock, and this is the best of all types of raw materials. It does not have an irritating and inhibitory effect on the body, moreover, it is a powerful pain reliever for cancer. Gather young shoots, fill 1/3 of the dishes with chopped raw materials (finely chop, but do not use a chopper such as a meat grinder). Pour vodka to the top, close and put for 18 days in a dark, cool place. Shake the tincture periodically. However, in emergency cases, you can start taking on the third day. In this case, the “royal” cycling technique is used.

3-version of the preparation of tinctures according to V.V. Tishchenko

Prepare a three-liter bottle or jar, pour 0.5 liters of vodka into it. Then start collecting inflorescences and young leaves. After collecting the color (there should be a large part) and uncured twigs or young leaves (a little), lightly chop with scissors or hands and immediately put in a container with vodka, adding raw materials to the container, shake the contents to constantly moisten everything with vodka. Gradually, you need to fill the bottle or jar to the shoulders. Then you need to add vodka so that all the inflorescences are covered with it, tightly close the lid, and put in a dark cool place for 21 days (periodically, the jar needs to be shaken). In urgent cases, you can start taking tinctures on the third day. If you immediately lay the jar with flowers, then it will become hot - a reaction will begin with the release of heat, which is extremely detrimental to raw materials. Therefore, pouring inflorescences into the bottle, you need to shake the contents to constantly moisten everything with vodka.

1-way to use tinctures according to V.V. Tishchenko

In the morning on an empty stomach, an hour before eating half a glass of water - one drop of infusion. Tomorrow at the same time - two drops, and so, daily increasing the dose to forty drops. Then also gradually, daily decreasing one drop, return to one drop. So it is necessary to repeat two or three courses in a row (160-240 days). Around this time, the tumor completely disappears and the lively body gains sufficient immune potential to control the situation in the future. The treatment is repeated at intervals of 8-12 months. During these long breaks, treatment with other herbs and fees is mandatory. In some benign tumors, it is advisable to supplement the internal treatment with external, which is carried out by courses for 10 consecutive days 2-3 times a year. During breaks, other medicinal herbs are used.

2-way application of tincture according to V.V. Tishchenko

Experience with patients shows that not everyone can handle a dose of 40 drops and sometimes exacerbations begin after 25 drops, and therefore the advice on this technique is that it is better not to test fate, and weakened patients should not rise above 25 drops. Naturally, these dosages are valid for the concentration obtained during the preparation of tinctures in such proportions as described above.

Spread

The range covers almost the whole of Europe, North Africa, Asia Minor and Central Asia, Iran, Dzungaria. It is distributed in almost the entire European part, in the north to St. Petersburg, Vologda, Kirov, the Caucasus, and Western Siberia.

It is common in all natural and administrative regions of the Saratov Right Bank. In the Rtishchevsky district, it was noted near a pond in the floodplain of the Sukhanovka River.

Features of biology and ecology

It grows in wastelands, grassy thickets, roadsides, outskirts of fields, at fences and buildings.

In the first year of life, a bunch of root leaves develops (at that time its leaves and root are similar to garden parsley and parsnip, which can be the cause of poisoning with a hemlock), and in the second year, the stem develops. It blooms in June - July, the seeds ripen in July - September. Propagated by seeds. One copy gives up to 15,000 seeds.

The whole plant has a characteristic unpleasant mouse odor.

Medical use

Previously, hemlock drugs were widely used in medicine for various diseases, but due to the unreliability of the therapeutic effect, as well as the cases of poisoning during treatment, doctors almost stopped using hemlock as a medicine. In the 1990s and 2000s, specialists from the Northern State Medical University (N. N. Aleutsky, N. A. Nazarenko, E. A. Rekhacheva) patented methods for the use of hemlock drugs in the treatment of sarcoma and other tumors.

In folk medicine, tincture and juice are for chorea, gastric and intestinal colic, anuria, anemia, dysmenorrhea, syphilis.

In homeopathy - with atherosclerotic phenomena, tumor-like growths, uterine fibroids. In the past, homeopathy was used in the form of alcohol tinctures from a fresh plant as one of the best remedies for cancerous tumors, swelling of the lymph glands, scrofula, anemia, headaches, constipation, urinary retention, dry convulsive cough, fear, delayed menstruation, heartburn, tinnitus.

In Tajikistan - for the treatment of epilepsy, cardiovascular diseases, skin cancer, as a painkiller, hemostatic.

All parts of the plant are very toxic.

Hemlock - as an anesthetic

Hemlock can be used as an anesthetic for severe pain in cancer patients. Usually, if the patient is treated with a hemlock, his pain is minor, often there is no need to use previously prescribed painkillers and narcotic drugs. A strong analgesic effect is one of the many advantages of a hemlock. Indeed, even if the treatment was ineffective for them, the sick person passes away calmly, without the excruciating pains characteristic of the last stage of cancer. If the patient is treated with other herbs and drugs, then just as an anesthetic it is recommended to drink an additional alcohol tincture of hemlock 2 drops per tablespoon of water 5 times a day before meals. During severe bouts of pain, it is allowed to take 10 drops of a hemlock with water (up to 2 times). Such dosages are prescribed for severe pain of another, non-tumor origin: with renal, hepatic, gastric, intestinal colic, severe pain during menstruation, paroxysmal pain in the rectum.

Hemlock - as a prophylactic

As a prophylactic that prevents the development of a cancerous tumor, it is advisable for all healthy adults to conduct one course of treatment with a hemlock according to the 1st Tishchenko method, that is, from 1 drop to 40 and down (80 days). According to observations, after such a course, almost everyone has a significant improvement in overall health and an increase in vitality.

Hemlock - with hypertension

In small doses and with prolonged use (i.e., 2 drops 3-4 times a day for 2-3 months), hemlock significantly reduces blood pressure and can be recommended for patients with severe forms of hypertension. During treatment in hypertensive patients, dose reduction or withdrawal of antihypertensive drugs are possible.

Hemlock - with involuntary ejaculation in men

In case of involuntary ejaculation in men, hemlock is prescribed in small doses, 2 drops per tablespoon of water 3-4 times a day, the course of treatment is 1-2 months. If such treatment is ineffective, hemlock should be taken according to the 1st method of Tishchenko, that is, from 1 drop to 40 and down, 1-2 courses in a row (80-160 days).

In medicine

Since the time of Hippocrates, it is also considered a medicinal plant. For medicinal purposes, the hemlock herb (stems, leaves, flowers) is used, which is harvested during the flowering period and the beginning of seed formation. All parts of the plant are poisonous, therefore, when harvesting, it is necessary to strictly observe safety rules: do not taste the plant, do not allow children to collect, store the prepared raw materials separately from other medicinal plants.

The plant has calming, anticonvulsant, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Condensed hemlock juice has a diuretic effect.

In folk medicine, tincture and juice from the aerial part of the plant is used as a painkiller, sedative, anti-asthma, anticonvulsant, anti-cancer, with chorea, gastric and intestinal colic, anuria, anemia, dysmenorrhea, pollutions, syphilis. In homeopathy - with atherosclerotic phenomena, tumor-like growths, uterine fibroids. In the past, homeopathy was used in the form of alcohol tinctures from a fresh plant as one of the best remedies for cancerous tumors, swelling of lymph glands, scrofula, anemia, headaches, constipation, urinary retention, dry convulsive cough, fear, delayed menstruation, heartburn, tinnitus.

Leaves are used topically for rheumatism and gout. Fruits in Tajikistan are used to treat epilepsy, cardiovascular diseases, skin cancer, as a painkiller, hemostatic.

Taxonomy

View Hemlock spotted belongs to the genus Hemlock ( Conium ) Umbrella family ( Apiaceae ) order Umbrellas ( Apiales ).

Notes

  1. The name Angiosperms is also used.
  2. For the conventions of specifying the class of dicotyledons as a superior taxon for the plant group described in this article, see the APG Systems section of the Dicotyledonous article.
  3. Scientific and technical potential of the Arkhangelsk region
  4. Bloch, Enid (March 2001). "Hemlock Poisoning and the Death of Socrates: Did Plato Tell the Truth?". Journal of the International Plato Society (1). A version of this article was also printed in Thomas C. Brickhouse (Editor), Nicholas D. Smith (Editor) The Trial and Execution of Socrates: Sources and Controversies. - 2001. - ISBN 978-0195119800

Literature

  • Genus 1423. Omeg, Hemlock - Conium L. // Flora of the USSR. 30 t / Started with guidance and under the main editorship of Acad. V. L. Komarova, Ed. volumes B.K. Shishkin. - M. - L.: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1950. - T. XVI. - S. 225—229. - 648 p. - 3500 copies.
  • Maznev N.I. Encyclopedia of medicinal plants. - 3rd ed., Rev. and add. - M.: Martin, 2004 .-- S. 102-103. - 496 p. - 10,000 copies. - ISBN 5-8475-0213-3
  • Universal Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants / comp. I.N. Putyrsky, V.N. Prokhorov. - M .: Makhaon, 2000 .-- S. 85-86. - 15,000 copies. - ISBN 5-88215-969-5
  • Gubanov I.A. et al. 964. Conium maculatum L. - Spotted hemlock // Illustrated identifier of plants of Central Russia. In 3 t. - M.: T-scientific. ed. KMK, Institute of Technology. ISS., 2003. - T. 2. Angiosperms (dicotyledonous: dicotyledonous). - S. 627. - ISBN 9-87317-128-9

See what "Spotted hemlock" is in other dictionaries:

Hemlock spotted - (omega spotted) Conium maculatum. Umbrella family. A biennial bare, highly toxic herbaceous plant with an unpleasant mouse odor. The root is fusiform, whitish. The stem is branched, thin-furrowed, hollow, with a bluish bloom ... ... Encyclopedia of medicinal plants

BOLIGOLOV SPOT - spotted hemlock, spotted omega (Conium maculatum), a biennial herbaceous plant of the umbelliferous family. The stem is branched, thin-furrowed, hollow, with reddish spots in the lower part, 60-180 high. Look at the leaves three times (sometimes ... ... Veterinary Encyclopedic Dictionary

hemlock spotted - a poisonous plant of the umbrella family. . (Source: “Biology. Modern Illustrated Encyclopedia.” Edited by A.P. Gorkin, Moscow: Rosman, 2006.) ... Biological Encyclopedic Dictionary

BOLIGOL SPOT (CONIUM MACULATUM L.) - see Hemlock spotted Monocarpic, most often biennial with a pivotal root. Stem up to 150 cm high, smooth, reddish-spotted, branched in the upper half. The leaves are triangular in shape, three times four-feathery, segments (segments) ... ... Meadow grassy plants

Konium - Conium, Hemlock spotted, speckled, Puzzle, Omega poisonous - From the umbrella family. Biennial herb 60 60 tall. Look naked, with an unpleasant odor. The root is fusiform, whitish. The stalk is branched, thin-furrowed, hollow, with a mucous coating and reddish-brown spots. Lower ... ... Handbook of Homeopathy

Hemlock - spotted ... Wikipedia

Spotted hemlock -? Hemlock spotted Hemlock spotted. General view of a flowering plant Scientific classification Kingdom: Plants Department: Angiosperms ... Wikipedia

BOLIGOLOV - (omega), a genus of biennial herbs (umbrella family). 4 species in Eurasia and Africa. Hemlock spotted grows mainly on wastelands, riverbanks, like weed in crops and around housing. The whole plant is poisonous to humans and animals (contains alkaloid ... Modern Encyclopedia

BOLIGOLOV - (omega) genus of biennial grasses of the family Umbrella. 4 species in Eurasia and Africa. On forest edges, as a weed near the dwelling and in crops, spotted hemlock is common, the whole plant, especially the fruits, is poisonous to humans and animals ... Big Encyclopedic Dictionary

BOLIGOLOV - BOLIGOLOV, spotted omega, Conium maculatum (Herba Conii maculati was formerly called Herba Cicutae terrestris), you should not mix it with Herba Cicutae virosae, which is also poisonous, but does not contain noyin, but chicutin. In ancient Greece, B. under ... ... Big medical encyclopedia

Hemlock - for menstrual irregularities

In case of a delay or stopping of menstruation (not related to pregnancy), it is recommended that the treatment be carried out in small doses at first: 2 drops per tablespoon of water 3 times a day for 1 month, on the days of the supposed monthly periods, increase the dose to 5 drops 3 times a day. If ineffective, it is necessary to conduct treatment according to the 1st method of Tishchenko, that is, from 1 drop to 40 and down, 1-2 courses in a row (80-160 days).

Category and Status

Highly poisonous plant, especially fruits until they ripen. The main symptoms of poisoning: nausea, salivation, dizziness, impaired swallowing, speech, blanching of the skin. Initial arousal is accompanied by convulsions and turns into depression of the central nervous system. Characteristic is ascending paralysis, starting from the lower extremities and accompanied by a loss of skin sensitivity. The pupils are dilated, do not respond to light. Increasing suffocation may cause respiratory arrest. Upon contact with the skin, the juice causes dermatitis.

The internodes of the stem are inflated, so children sometimes make whistles out of it and put it in their mouths, which is very dangerous - this leads to poisoning and burns of the mucous membrane.

Cases of poisoning starving cattle are known. Poisoning occurs when horses eat 2-3 kg of fresh grass, cattle - 4-5 kg, ducks - 50-70 g. Silage and drying does not neutralize the plant. In case of poisoning, animals are given fresh milk.

Hemlock - with articular rheumatism, gout, bruises, erysipelas, systemic lupus erythematosus, varicose veins, thrombophlebitis

  • Topically: lubricate with alcohol tincture 3-4 times a day in affected areas. The course of treatment is 1-2 months.
  • In the above diseases, the best effect is observed when combining local treatment with taking hemlock tincture inside according to the 1st method of Tishchenko, i.e. from the 1st drop to 40 and down. Depending on the severity of the disease, 1-2 courses of treatment (80-160 days) are carried out.

Poultices

Poultices from leaves are applied topically. Hemlock leaves (preferably fresh, dried if not present) are wrapped in gauze, scalded with boiling water and applied to diseased sore spots 3-4 times a day. Used for rheumatism and gout, bruises, erysipelas, systemic lupus erythematosus, varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, skin cancer and other oncological diseases.

Condensed hemlock juice has a diuretic and anti-cancer effect. Take 2 drops per tablespoon of water 2-3 times a day.

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