Spotted gourami naturally lives in water bodies and rivers of Indochina, Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand.
The name of the fish comes from two visible spots on the body. Due to its endurance to environmental conditions in the aquarium, its colorful color, its peaceful nature (except for the spawning period) with other types of fish, and the low market price at which it is possible to purchase them, this type of fish has become most widespread among aquarists. Spotted gourami are also a pretty significant source of income for pet stores.
The aquarium must contain spotted gourami in the ratio of one male to 2-3 females. The size of fish in natural conditions is up to 14 cm, in an aquarium, their size is smaller - up to 12 cm. A characteristic feature of these fish are dark spots located in the middle of the abdomen, as well as on the tail. The male has long, pointed dorsal and maximal fins. In young fish, sex determination is problematic.
Fish breathe atmospheric air and often rise to the surface of the water.
To keep these fish, you need a relatively large aquarium with a volume of 150 liters or more. The aquarium should be densely planted with plants, preferably with hard leaves. The delicate leaves of plants are a treat for the gourami and they will certainly eat them up. In order to emphasize the shade of fish, you can use floating plants. In the aquarium, there must be a free place for swimming and a cover glass or a lid so that the fish do not jump out of the aquarium. Fish are undemanding to water parameters, provided that changes do not occur quickly. The water temperature should be between 23 - 28 ° C.
Sometimes adult males behave aggressively towards each other. If you notice signs of aggression, then it is better to immediately transplant a too active male into another aquarium, otherwise the fish may clog each other.
As a feed, virtually all feeds available for sale can act as live, frozen or dry.
Due to the relatively large size of the fish, a relatively large spawning aquarium is required. During spawning, the color of the fish becomes darker and transverse stripes appear. Females need to provide a large number of shelters, as they are often attacked by males. The male builds a nest for two days, after which the female lays eggs there. After that, the female is sedimented, and the male is left in the spawning aquarium. He patiently guards the nest for several days. After about 24 hours, larvae appear in the nest, which are in an upright position. As soon as the fry leave the nest, the male should immediately be put out of the spawning aquarium, otherwise he can eat all his offspring.
The fry grow quickly, but unevenly. In the first week of life, they are fed infusoria and live dust, and then various small feeds for fry.
It lives in Golden Gurami on the island of Sumatra, in reservoirs with rich vegetation. Description of the Golden Gurami
Golden Gurami has a tall, slightly elongated body, which is compressed on the sides. Big eyes are on the head. The mouth is small and stretches slightly to the top. The fin on the back is short. The fins on the abdomen resemble threads, but the anal fin is long. The color of this Gurami is golden yellow with an orange tint. There are 2 dark spots on the side, one in the middle of the body, the other on the tail. Bluish spots are scattered throughout the body. The male is larger and brighter than the female in size. The length of the Golden Gurami can reach 13 cm. With the correct keeping of fish in the aquarium, their life can last 7 years. Gurami Golden Breeding
Breeding gourami is not difficult. To do this, you need an aquarium with a volume of not less than 40 liters. The water level is not lower than 20 liters. The temperature is 26-28 degrees. One part of the aquarium should be densely planted with plants, so that would be where the fish build a nest. A week before spawning, both fish are seated in different containers and well fed with live food. The male then builds a nest for the female, in the thickets of the plant. Caviar throwing can reach 2000 eggs. After this process, the female is immediately precipitated. The male remains in the aquarium and looks after the eggs until the fry appear, and swim on their own. After this, the male is also precipitated. Initial food for fry: ciliates, live dust.
Gurami Golden Content
Golden Gurami is a peaceful, calm fish, which during danger prefers to hide in the vegetation. Get along well with various types of fish. True, sometimes males can be aggressive in relation to each other. They have a daily lifestyle, preferring to stay in the upper and middle layers of water. In order to contain Golden Gourami, you need an aquarium with a volume of 100 liters for 4 fish. There should also be plants and free space for swimming. It is desirable that there would be driftwood, as the Gurams love to hide. The soil should be dark in color. Water parameters: - hardness 8-10, - pH 6.5-7.0, - temperature 24-26 degrees, - filtration and aeration should be available, - every week water change, 30% volume. Golden Gurami Feeding
You can feed live feeds or substitutes. When choosing food, consider that the fish has a small mouth. Gurami is prone to overeating.
Macropod Black lives in reservoirs of Southeast Asia. Description of Macropod Black
This type of fish has an elongated, compressed body on its sides. Big eyes are on the head, lips are thick. Gill covers are serrated. The extreme rays of the tail are elongated, resembling threads, also similar to the lyre. The main body color is gray-brown, dark brown, with the presence of barely noticeable red stripes, a flake with a black border, which forms patterns in the form of a mesh on the body. When the spawning period begins, the male changes color, turns black. The female has blurry stripes of brown color, and the abdomen becomes light. Chest beautiful color resembling a ruby. The fins are not paired, yellow, with dark dots and a red border. The pectoral fins are pink, the fins on the abdomen are red. In the aquarium grow up to 12 cm. Breeding Macropod Black
Spawning Macropod Black occurs in a common aquarium. For one pair of fish you will need a capacity of 20 liters. Plants need to be planted in a spawning ground. Water parameters: - hardness up to 10, - pH 6.5-7.5, - temperature 25-30 degrees, - poor aeration is needed. One week of producers needs to be kept separate. When they are planted in the aquarium, the male begins to build a nest of foam in the thickets of plants, most often at the very surface of the water. When the nest is ready, he embraces the female, turns her abdomen to the top. Then she releases the eggs, which swims in the foam. Throwing can reach 1000 eggs. As soon as the spawning is over, the female needs to be put out of the aquarium, otherwise the male can kill her if he sees near the nest. The male takes care of the offspring. Caviar is incubated for 2-3 days. As soon as the fry begin to swim themselves, the nest collapses. After that, you need to put off the male. Fry swim and eat after 5-6 days. Then they can be fed with live dust and ciliates.
Contents Macropod Black
Macropod Black is an aggressive, active fish. In the aquarium you need to contain 1 male and 3-4 females. Black Macropods can be kept with different fish, the same size as themselves. To provide Macropod Black with comfortable conditions, you will need an aquarium with a volume of 80 liters or more. The soil in the aquarium needs dark, and the lighting is dim. Shelters are made in the aquarium using grottoes, caves, shelters. Water parameters: - water hardness 10-20, - pH 6.5-8.0, - temperature 25-28 degrees. Feeding Macropod Black
This type of fish can be fed live, frozen food.
Platinum Gurami bred artificially in the 1970s. in the USA, is not found in the wild. Commercial breeding is organized mainly in Southeast Asia and Eastern Europe.
- Size - about 13 cm. Nutrition - any. Life expectancy - about 4 years.
These fish are similar to their predecessors in all but color. Their body is predominantly white with soft yellow and silver hues. On the back and abdomen, the pattern is tinted more strongly, it extends to the fins with the tail. Sometimes two dark spots are noticeable - at the base of the tail and in the middle of the body. This is the heritage of the Blue Gurami.
We are pleased to accept all types of dry industrial feed (flakes, granules). Specialized feeds for Gurami are widely represented on sale, combining all the necessary vitamins and minerals. In addition, bloodworms, mosquito larvae and finely chopped pieces of vegetables can be included in the diet. Feed once or twice a day, if you are serving special food, then according to the instructions.
Maintenance and care
Due to the behavior of adult fish, it is recommended to purchase a reservoir of about 150 liters for two three individuals. The minimum set of equipment consists of a filter, heater, aerator, lighting system. An important requirement for the filter is that it should create as little movement of water as possible, but at the same time be productive. Gourami do not tolerate the internal flow, it causes stress and increased physical activity. Of great importance in the design of the aquarium are artificial shelters, grottoes, snags, as well as a dense vegetation cover with areas of free space for swimming. Take care of unhindered access to the surface, in time thin out strongly overgrown floating plants. A dark substrate favorably emphasizes the color of the fish, the size of the soil particles is not so important.
At a young age they get along well with all peaceful species of fish, however, adults can be intolerant of neighbors in the aquarium. The larger the number of fish, the higher the aggression, and the weaker males of Gurami are the first to attack. The preferred option is to maintain a male / female or male pair and several females. Choose proportional and peaceful fish as neighbors. Small species will be considered prey.
Breeding / breeding
Like most Gurami, the male creates a nest on the surface of the water from small sticky air bubbles where caviar is laid. For successful breeding, you should prepare a separate spawning tank with a volume of about 80 liters or slightly less, fill it with water from the main aquarium 13-15 cm high, the water parameters should coincide with the main aquarium. Standard equipment: lighting system, aerator, heater, filter, giving a weak current of water. In the design, it is recommended to use floating plants with small leaves, for example, richia, they will become part of the nest.
The spawning incentive is the inclusion of meat products in the daily diet (live or frozen), after some time, when the female is noticeably rounded, the couple is placed in a separate tank, where the male begins to build a nest, usually in the corner. At the end of construction, the male begins courtship - swims back and forth near the female, with its tail above its head, touched by the fins. The female lays up to 800 eggs in the nest, after which it is removed back to the main aquarium, the male remains to protect the masonry, he joins the female only after the appearance of fry.