Dog handlers still have not come to a consensus on where Newfoundland originates from. The breed of these dogs has been officially known for more than three centuries. The breed of dogs received the name Newfoundland by the name of the province of Newfoundland, which is located in northeastern Canada. Before the first colonists appeared, these territories were inhabited by North American Indians who tamed four-legged companions. These dogs were powerful, with thick hair, which is able to perfectly repel water. This feature of the dogs was dictated by the harsh climate of Newfoundland.
It is very likely that the very first native dogs were subsequently crossed with the dogs of the first settlers from the Old World (molosses, mastiffs, Portuguese water dogs, Scottish black shepherds). Since then, the main native breed of dogs has become large, massive dogs with dense hair, which are very similar in appearance to modern representatives of the Newfoundland breed.
Another completely plausible theory relates the appearance of the breed to the X-XI centuries, when Leif Ericsson the Happy discovered North America. In all the marine expeditions of Leif the Happy, large white bear dogs accompanied him. Researchers reasonably believe that it was this breed of dogs that assimilated Aboriginal dogs, giving rise to a new breed.
When rumors of an amazing breed reached the Old World, dogs began to be exported to Europe. With special zeal, breeders from England took up the selection of dogs. At an exhibition in Birmingham in 1860, Newfoundland, which was shown to the public for the first time, made a splash. And after 16 years in the capital of Great Britain opened a club of admirers of this breed of dogs.
English breeders have relied on the breeding of dogs with a monochrome color, so most representatives of the Newfoundland dog breed, photos of which can be found on the Internet, are black or deep chestnut color.
A wonderful seasoned character, amazing quick wits, attractive appearance, unconditional devotion made Newfoundland dogs the idols of the English bohemia. Lord Byron has dedicated many poems to his Newfoundland Botswain that sing the mind and beauty of this amazing dog. Artist Edwin Landsir immortalized the Newfoundlands in his paintings “Saved,” “A Worthy Member of Humane Society,” “Princess Maria Adelaide and the Newfoundland,” “Newfoundland Caled Lyon,” and many others.
Newfoundland breed continues to improve. No exhibition is held without the participation of these noble dogs. Often these dogs are not just pets, but service dogs, serving as guide dogs, in the coast guard and police.
Dog diver or in other words Newfoundland belong to the ancient breeds. Little is known about them; history is still not fully understood. Scientists only know for sure that the breed originated on the island of Newfoundland. The ancestors of the breed are Molossians, they benefit people on the island by being hardy, strong, courageous and possessed of good working qualities.
The very first written information about them appeared in 1639. Since 1700, dogs began to influence divers, who were brought from other countries. In the 18th century, the breed began to be exported to Europe, and later in England, cultural breeding of the breed began. With their qualities and strength they attracted visiting sailors. It is thanks to them that they spread throughout Canada, and later in Europe and Australia. The First and Second World War played a large role in their distribution. Both of them inflicted huge damage, there were fewer dogs.
Newfoundlands are classified as giant rocks. They are large, they have a thick long coat. The height of males reaches 75 cm, and females an average of 68 cm.
The muzzle of the dogs is pronouncedly square, deep and rather short. On the head is soft short hair. Representative eyes are small, deep set. The color of the eyes in black and black and white dogs is usually dark brown, and in brown dogs there is a lighter shade. The ears are relatively small, triangular in shape with rounded ends.
As for the body, the neck is strong and muscular, the body is deep and strong. The chest is wide, voluminous and deep. The muscles on the shoulders are very well developed, the elbows are tight to the chest.
The front legs are large, the fingers on them are strong and compact. The pelvis and hind legs are strong, wide and muscular. The tail is wide at the base. When the dog is standing, he is down and slightly bent at the end. The coat consists of long and short hair, the touch is very soft.
Color found black, black and white and brown.
Training and training
Newfoundlands love their master very much and want to please him. They are very easy to learn, but sensitive to criticism. To achieve a good result, you need to be kind, patient with them. No need to raise their voices on them and even more so to beat - they do not understand aggression.
Raising a dog should begin with a small age. It is important to remember one thing - you cannot forbid one thing today, but let it be tomorrow. If the dog can’t enter the kitchen, this means that you can’t always, and not on certain days. Otherwise, you will mislead your pet.
The more often you train with a dog, learn teams, the better. In his two months, he can easily learn the commands “To me”, “Stand!”. The most important thing is to praise the baby for a well-executed team and encourage a treat. He will put it in his head, and he will try another time to do even better.
It is better to conduct training in the form of a game so that the dog becomes interested.
The need to raise dogs of this breed from childhood is well understood by their owners. When a dog grows to its natural size, not everyone can move a 65 kg carcass or move it in the right direction. Therefore, the dog must know and carry out all the basic commands.
It is quite simple to train puppies and older Newfoundlands, and even a novice dog breeder will be able to cope with the training of his first pet of this breed. Animals have excellent memory, as well as a high level of intelligence, in addition, they always try to please their master, so they are easily trained.
But you should remember the main character traits of such a pet - their innate slowness and phlegmatism, therefore, when giving a command, you should not expect that the Newfoundland will fulfill it at the same second - this dog needs time to think over. You cannot blame your pet for such slowness!
The training of Newfoundlands is best done at special sites under the guidance of an experienced instructor who will tell you how to properly train this big pet.
With the right training, by the year a grown-up diver will know all the necessary commands.
- Newfoundland dogs have a massive head. Both the female and the male have the same head structure, with the exception that the head of the female is slightly smaller.
- The skull has a convex arch, and the occipital protuberance is very developed.
- Newfoundland's nose is large, fleshy, richly pigmented, black or brown, with open nostrils.
- The muzzle has a square structure, compact size, covered with soft short hair. The skin does not form folds.
- The teeth are set evenly, the bite is regular scissor or straight.
- The eyes are almond-shaped, set wide. The lower eyelid does not sag and does not expose the inside.
- Eye color is usually dark brown, however, in dogs with lighter hair, a lighter color of the iris is possible.
- The neck is strong, firmly set on the shoulders, without excessive suspension.
- The back and croup are wide, the stomach is not picked up, but creates an even line.
- The front legs are developed stronger than the hind limbs. Between the compact fingers there are highly developed membranes.
- Since the tail serves as a helm for water dogs during swimming, the base of the Newfoundland tail is wide and strong. If the dog is on land, then the tail is lowered, but not between the legs.
How to care for Newfoundland
Although many dog breeders keep this pet in their apartments, for a normal diver living, an apartment is not the best option (especially a small one). The fact is that this massive pet needs more space for a comfortable stay than smaller dogs. Walk the dog at least 3 times a day.
The thick coat of these dogs is a subject for special discussion. It should be combed regularly to avoid the formation of warlocks and stalls. And when the molting begins at these pets, the animal’s hair can be found almost everywhere in the apartment. Therefore, for people with an allergic reaction to animal hair, Newfoundlands cannot be categorically contained.
A private house or garden, where the owners live all year round, is the most ideal option for these animals. Moreover, Newfoundland has such a thick coat of wool that it can live on the street throughout the year. Only the owners need to remember: this breed can not be closed in the aviary or put in a booth on a chain. But with street maintenance, a kennel for this dog must be put up.
Newfoundland puppies, unlike adults, are extremely active and ready to study the world around them for almost the entire daylight hours. Therefore, from the moment a small pet appears, it is necessary to devote as much time as possible to its training and education. It is advisable to be with this puppy for at least a month in order to accustom a small active bully to the rules of behavior in the house and on the street.
At the age of three months, the puppy must know and execute the following commands:
When training a puppy, the owner should have patience, endurance and understanding. It is best to train and train pets in a playful way without raising their voices - so puppies quickly understand what is required of them and remember better.
The period of molting in these dogs happens twice a season - in spring and autumn. Start combing these dogs begin at the age of three months. For this procedure, it is better to use special massage brushes or scallops. Puppies should be combed daily. Gradually, the puppy gets used to this procedure and learns to stand still until it is combed out completely. If this procedure does not bring negative feelings, the dog will calmly endure the combing procedure. And an adult dog has to be patient, because scratching their coat takes at least an hour.
The diet should be selected from the first days of the puppy's life in the house. The main thing is to fight weight gain. For regular monitoring of the weight of pets, you should buy a floor scale. Weighing the puppy daily, you can adjust the components of the feed to exclude those that contribute to a sharp increase in weight.
Experts recommend feeding puppies to divers with special food for giant dog breeds. Such industrial feeds include the necessary amount of vitamins, macro and microelements, which are necessary for growing Newfoundlands to strengthen bones of the skeleton, build muscle. Also, the use of such feeds by puppies makes it possible to exclude a disease such as deformation of the limbs under the weight of the body mass.
Adults should be fed natural food. In this case, food for animals is cooked every day. The composition of the food must be meat (about 40% of the total food). Cereal crops are selected based on the individual characteristics of the animal. If the dog is prone to obesity, then only rice is added to the food. If the dog’s metabolism is too fast, then buckwheat and barley groats (in equal parts) are added to the food. The daily diet must include vegetables - boiled and raw.
Tips for Newfoundland
This animal should have its permanent place in the house or apartment, but this dog should not be locked in an aviary or put on a chain. On walks, the diver should walk on a leash - this dog is a good lifeguard and watchman, therefore he is often ready to run to help a child or an adult, if the dog thought that he needed help. However, a 60-70 kilogram giant can accidentally cause harm to a person, because it is unable to calculate its strength.
The cost of puppies of this breed varies depending on their thoroughbredness, the availability of all necessary documents and the opportunity to participate in exhibitions (or breeding posterity) in the future.
Depending on the above reasons, the price of puppies ranges from $ 350 to $ 2000.
Newfoundland is a dog that can be a great watchman, lifeguard, nanny and companion. Subject to the rules for the care, upbringing and feeding of these animals, one of the best and most intelligent dogs in the world will live in the house.
Security and guard qualities
Of all the large breeds, Newfoundland is considered the most familial breed. This huge, shaggy good man gets along well with both adult family members and children. They simply adore the latter. In a moment of danger, an affectionate dog can turn into a strict bodyguard and skilled rescuer.
Few dogs can feel “like a fish” in the water. Newfoundland is an exception, not for nothing that its second name is a diver. This breed is suitable for everyone who wants to have a big, kind, devoted friend and guard.
There is no exact information about the origin of the breed, there are only some reliable facts. Newfoundland is known to be a very ancient type of dog. The homeland of divers is Canada, namely, the island of Newfoundland. It is believed that their first owners on the coast of the island two thousand years ago were North American Indians.
The ancestors of modern Newfs are called Molossians. The purpose of the breed was mainly in the transportation of goods. They also carried security and guard service. The ability of Newfoundlands to swim and dive perfectly is given to dogs from birth. This quality has made them unsurpassed rescuers.
We will consider the development and the growing popularity of the breed by points:
- 1639 - the first information about the Newfoundlands appeared, set out in writing.
- 17th. century - the influence on the development of the breed of dogs imported to the island from the Old World is noted.
- Beginning of the eighteenth century - dogs showing excellent results in diving and swimming were brought to Europe. This was the beginning of the conquest of European countries by the Newfoundlands. English dog handlers were the first to work on their cultural selection.
- 1860 - representatives of the Newfoundland breed were first demonstrated at a dog show in Birmingham.
In the countries of the former Soviet Union, the diver also gained great popularity. He may be a lifeguard, companion, or guard dog.
Newfoundland is a large, muscular breed. Bitches can be called more elegant than males. Their body is not so massive and more extended. Adult growth 66-71 cm., weight 54-68 kg. Throughout the diver's appearance, one feels his good nature and majesty.
A large head rests on a powerful, rather long neck. Hanging ears relative to the head look small. The shape is triangular, the ends are slightly rounded. Small brown eyes. The muzzle is short, square in shape, without folds. A large nose is black or brown (depending on coat color). The jaws are powerful. The bite is straight or scissor.
The case is massive. The croup and chest are wide.The abdomen is not tightened, almost straight. The tail is down, slightly curved at the end. When moving, the dog lifts him to the top, but does not throw him on his back. The tail helps when the dog is swimming, acting as a helm. Legs are straight, parallel. The rear ones are more muscular and powerful, which allows you to quickly swim, run, pull heavy loads. Paws are strong. Profitable fingers are removed.
The coat is long, lush, stiff. The hair on the head is much shorter. The undercoat is thick and soft. The peculiarity of the undercoat is that it does not get wet in water.
The undercoat may be brown or gray. The color of the coat is as follows:
- Black - pure or with a touch of mahogany.
- Dark brown.
- Black and white (landseer).
In these colors, small white spots are allowed.
Maintenance and care
Oversized Newfoundland is not very comfortable living in small rooms. Therefore, it is better to keep such a pet in a spacious aviary, equipped with a large warm booth. If you have a large apartment or a private house, the diver can be kept in the room, subject to certain rules:
- Daily walks. You need to walk the dog at least 2 times a day, the dog must have time to address all your needs.
- Physical exercise. For normal development and growth, the puppy should be able to run and jump in plenty. Daily active games that promote training are recommended.
- A place to relax. The lounger can not be determined near heating appliances, because of the thick coat of a diver, he is already hot in a heated room.
- From the first walks, teach your puppy to wash his paws after walking.
No matter where your dog is kept, it needs hygiene. The rules are simple but necessary:
- Comb out 3-4 times a week using a stiff brush. Frequent combing is required due to the fact that Newfoundland molts almost all the time. If you do not follow the wool, curls are formed on it for a short time.
- Bathe once every 1-2 months. Since the diver’s coat has a dirt-repellent and waterproof property, it is recommended to use a special dry shampoo for dogs when swimming. Thus, water procedures will not wash away the natural lubricant from dog hair. You will also need an air conditioner that will facilitate combing and give the hair shine.
- Cut the claws as they grow, if there is no experience, it is better to provide this procedure to a specialist.
- Ears cleaned once a week with a special solution.
- Regular brushing is carried out with a special paste. It’s much more convenient to give your dog bones for brushing your teeth.
- Follow the eyes for inflammation, excessive accumulations of secretions. If necessary, wipe them with a damp cloth.
Newfoundland must be fed with extreme care so as not to harm its health. The fact is that representatives of the breed are passive and at the same time they like to eat well. As a result of an improperly designed diet, a diver can suffer from obesity. To avoid this, it is necessary to determine the correct portions, the older the puppy, the less nutritious food should be, and also provide the pet with daily unhurried, lengthy runs and walks with a quick step.
With proper maintenance and nutrition, a diver can live up to 10 years. The health of these large dogs is for the most part in the hands of the owner. It is the pet owner who must vaccinate on time, show it to the veterinarian for prevention, take an x-ray, as large dogs are prone to dysplasia. Also, the owner of the Newfoundland should know what diseases and health problems this dog is prone to:
- Heatstroke - often happens due to the fact that the newf has a dense coat with a dense undercoat.
- Dysplasia - deformation of the joints, which is accompanied by lameness, pain.
- Cardiomyopathy - myocardial disease.
- Atopy - an allergic skin reaction.
- Volvulus - It can be fatal if you do not help the dog in time.
- Atrial septal defect - a small hole in the septum between the atria. As a result, blood is thrown from the left atrium to the right.
- Century inversion - requires surgical intervention.
- Ectopia of the ureters - urine output at a time when the dog does not have an act of urination.
- Cataract - eye disease.
- Hypothyroidism - develops as a result of a prolonged lack of thyroid hormones.
Newfoundland is the perfect family dog. This pet is suitable for families where there are small children. The dog will be happy to play with the children, while he will never offend and, if necessary, protect his little wards. Also, the newf is suitable for senior citizens, this dog loves leisurely walks, loves to soak up on a couch. He is calm and adequate.
If other pets live in the house, even as small as York, the diver will definitely make friends with similar neighbors. The dog does not show aggression to either cats or rabbits. For him, all people and all animal friends are, until they pose a danger to households.
Newf is infinitely devoted to the owner and all members of the family. It must be treated with affection and understanding. Such a dog in a moment of danger is able to come to the rescue not only of its owner, but also of a complete stranger. He has a highly developed lifeguard instinct.
Justifying its name, a diver loves water. To please a pet, you need to use every opportunity so that he can swim in a pond. For example, in your car it will be possible to go out with your dog for walks to the lake or to the river.
There is no unjustified aggression in the nature of the diver. But in turn, the dog does not tolerate rudeness and cruel treatment.
Training and education
Newfoundland is so eager and loves to please the owner that the process of socialization, education and training is easy. If you organize the training correctly, the lessons will be held in the form of a game. High intelligence and good nature contribute to the quick memorization of teams. Newf would never even think of abandoning the execution of the team, because this would please his master.
The peculiarities of training can be considered that the diver does not tolerate rudeness. Therefore, for failures in the upbringing process one cannot shout at him, let alone beat him. Only patience and calm persuasion will help the puppy learn. For the slightest success, it is recommended to encourage the newf with stroking, a kind word and, of course, goodies.
With regard to swimming, diving, jumping water, the diver is ready for this from birth without training and coercion. The love of water is in his blood. You can teach him various tricks: get a toy thrown into the water or pull a boat on the rope by the water.
Newfoundlands ("Newfs" or "Newfies") have webbed feet and a waterproof coating. Males usually weigh 65-80 kg (143-176 pounds) and females 55-65 kg (121-143 pounds), placing them in the Giant weight range, but some Newfoundland dogs have been known to weigh more than 90 kg (200 pounds) - and the largest record weight of 120 kg (260 pounds) and is measured 1.8 m (6 ft) from nose to tail, occupying it one of the largest dogs of the breed. They can grow up to 56-76 cm (22-30 inches) at the withers.
American Kennel Club (AKC) The standard colors for Newfoundland dogs are black, brown, gray, and white and black (sometimes referred to as Landseer). Other colors are possible, but not considered rare or more valuable. Kennel Club (KC) allows only black, brown, and white / black, Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) allows only black and white / black. The painting "Landseer" is named after the artist Sir Edwin Henry Landseer, who showed them in many of his paintings. The International Canine Federation (FCI) consider the ECT Landseer ("European Continental Type") to be a separate breed. This is a taller, narrower white dog with black spots not bred from Newfoundland.
Newfoundland's very large bones give him mass, while his large muscles give him the strength necessary to take on rough ocean waves and strong tides. These dogs have a huge lung capacity for swimming over very long distances and a thick, oily and waterproof double layer that protects them from the cold of icy water. The double coating makes the dog difficult to care for and also causes a lot of shedding to occur. Dogs drool into their drooping lips and cheeks, especially at high temperatures.
In water, the dog’s massive webbed feet provide maximum traction. The course of swimming is not an ordinary paddle dog. Unlike other dogs, Newfoundland moves its limbs in a downward and outward movement, giving more power for each stroke.
Newfoundland is known for its calm and flexible character and its strength. They are very loyal and make perfect working dogs. It is for this reason that this breed is known as the "gentle giant." International kennel clubs usually describe the breed as having a sweet character. It usually has a deep bark and is easy to train if started young. They are surprisingly good with children, but small children can get accidentally leaned on and knocked down. Newfoundlands are ideal companions in the therapy world and are often referred to as dog nannies. The breed was immortalized in "Nana," the beloved guardian of the dog at JM Barry Peter Pan . Newfoundland, in general, is good with other animals, but its size can cause problems if it is not trained.
The good, sweet nature of Newfoundland is so important, it is listed in the breed standards of many countries, dogs exhibiting poor temperament or aggression are disqualified from display and should never be used to breed. The breed standard in the United States states that "Sweet temperament is a hallmark of Newfoundland, it is the most important single feature of the breed."
Newfoundland shares many physical traits with mastiffs and Molossian type dogs, such as St. Bernard and the English mastiff, including strong legs, massive heads with very wide muzzles, a thick bovine neck and a very strong bone structure. In fact, many St. Bernards Dog is of Newfoundland origin. Newfoundlands were brought and introduced to the St. Bernard breed in the 18th century when the population was threatened by a plague epidemic. They share many of the characteristics of many mountain dog breeds, such as the Great Pyrenees.
The Newfoundland breed originated in Newfoundland, and comes from an Indigenous breed on the island known as the smaller Newfoundland, or St. John's dog. DNA analysis confirms that Newfoundlands are closely related to other Canadian retriever, including Labrador, Nova Scotia retriever, Golden retriever and flat coated retriever. The Molossian similar appearance of Newfoundland is the result of the introduction of blood mastiffs, possibly from crosses with Portuguese mastiffs brought to the island of Portuguese fishermen since the 16th century.
By that time, colonization was permitted in Newfoundland in 1610. Various physical characteristics and mental attributes were created in the Newfoundland breed. In the early 1880s, fishermen and researchers from Ireland and England traveled to the Grand Banks of Newfoundland, where they described two main types of dog work. One of them was built to a large extent, large with an elongated coat, and another of medium size in the assembly - an active, smooth water-coated dog. The heavier the breed was known as Greater Newfoundland or Newfoundland. The smaller breed was known as Mala Newfoundland, or St. John's Dog. Dog St. Johns became the founder of the breed of modern retriever. Both breeds were used as working dogs to pull nets, with Greater Newfoundland also used to transport carts and other equipment.
Due to the fact that they were part of the reserve foundation for Leonberger (which was superior in rescue water and was imported by the Canadian government for this purpose), and the now extinct Moscow diver, an unsuccessful attempt to create a rescue dog along the Russian state kennel —The unfortunate outcross from the Caucasus the shepherd gave birth to dogs more skilled in biting than salvation.
Many tales told of the courage shown by the Newfoundlands in their adventures and saving deeds. Over the past two centuries, this has inspired a number of artists who have portrayed dogs in paint, stone, bronze and porcelain. One famous Newfoundland was a dog named Seaman, who accompanied American explorers Lewis and Clark on their expedition.
The working role of the breed varied. Another famous all-black Newfoundland has been performing as a star of attraction in the Van Hare Magic circus since 1862 and for many years afterwards, in one of the founders of the circus of England, traveling throughout Europe. The circus dog was known as the “Thousand Guinea Dogs Napoleon” or “Napoleon Wonder Dog.” The circus owner, G. Van Hare, trained other Newfoundland dogs to perform the procedure with the obstacles of baboons dressed up in jockeys to ride them. However, his “master dog” Napoleon was his favorite and held a special position in Magic Circus. Napoleon will compete in jumping against human rivals, jumping over a horse from a springboard, and dancing to the music.
Not Napoleon Wonder Dog became a wildly popular act in London from his debut at the theater pavilion on April 4, 1862, and further to his untimely death many years later when he slipped and fell during a circus training session. At the peak of his fame, his performance was described in London's illustrated sports news and Theater and Music Review as follows: “A synopsis of his entertainment: - He spells his name with letters also that of the Prince of Wales, and when he asked what he wanted to say of her all-merciful Majesty, he puts letters to form "God Save the Queen." he plays a gentleman's game of cards and performs the famous three-card trick, on which his master backs him up at 100 to 1. also “Disappearance” a la Robin. He performs in the circus as a stunt horse, en Liberte, giving the Spanish trot to the music, also jumping over the bars, over balloons, with many other tricks the most interesting character. "
When Napoleon Wonder Dog died as a result of a circus accident at the age of 11, his passage was announced in a number of British newspapers, including the Sheffield Daily Telegraph, which refers to the loss on May 5, 1868, and as follows: “death marked the four-legged ARTISTE - Mr. Van Harez’s famous dog, designated “Dog Master” died on the 24th of last month, at the age of twelve he was a noble Newfoundland breed specimen (. weighing about 200 pounds.), for which he won a prize for the first agricultural Hall Dog Show. Besides his magnificent appearance and symmetry, he was the most extraordinary visionary and highly trained animal he had ever known. it is now preserved and beautifully mounted by the famous naturalist, Mr. Edwin Ward. - Era. "
The breed flourished in the United Kingdom, until 1914 and again in 1939, when its numbers were almost fatally depleted in wartime restrictions. Since the 1950s, there has been a steady increase in numbers and popularity, despite the fact that Newfoundland has a large size and liking for mud and water, which makes it unsuitable as a pet for many families.
Wool and its color
- Thoroughbred dogs should have a two-layer coat, without curls. The hair on the head and face is shorter than on the body. Newfoundlands have rich "pants."The tail coat is long, but that does not make it look like a flag.
- If the dog is black, then it should be uniform.
- Black and white dogs should have croup and back black, and belly and paws white. The head of black color may have a white stripe passing in the middle of the front part. Minimum rash on the legs and torso is allowed.
- Wool brown is allowed in any shade.
Intelligence and character
Newfoundlands have amazing intelligence. Dogs of this breed are able to make independent decisions, which makes them very self-sufficient. If the owner’s command seems meaningless to the dog, he can ignore it. If Newfoundland sees a drowning person or animal, it rushes into the water without waiting for a command. Natural heroism is perhaps the main advantage of this breed. Since native dogs had no one to hunt on the rocky shores of Newfoundland, the blood of modern dogs still lacks even a hint of hunting instincts.
Another main feature of the character of Newfoundland can be considered their love of love. If a child needs a nanny, then Newfoundland will do just fine with this task. The dog treats children very carefully, rolls kids on its back with pleasure. She does not require anything from the owners in return. Do not think that due to its friendliness and phlegmatism such a dog is not able to protect family members. If the dog feels threatened, then, without waiting for the command, he immediately defends himself.
Because of his attachment to the owners, a dog that has lost a family is unlikely to be able to socialize with people again. You should pay attention to this when choosing a dog of this breed.
But with other inhabitants of the house (cats, other dogs, birds, etc.), Newfoundlands are perfectly building relationships. Aggression is alien to them, therefore friendships will be established by this wise dog very quickly.
Do I need training?
Despite the fact that Newfoundlands are distinguished by their remarkable minds, the training of these giants is mandatory, if only because this breed of dogs is official and they simply need work, and in addition, few people manage to stop the running Newfoundland. Imagine how you will look for a walk with your giant dog, who suddenly decided to go for a run.
It’s a pleasure to train Newfoundlands. Dogs of this breed love to learn and want to please the owner, so they willingly carry out the commands. However, it should be remembered that divers are very sensitive, therefore it is better to give commands in a calm tone, even affectionately. The dog will react to rude shouts instantly, it may become isolated and show its grief to the owner with all its appearance. Please note that, due to temperament, the dog needs time to think over the commands, so do not rush the phlegmatic Newfoundland and do not expect a lightning reaction from him.
Care, feeding, maintenance
If the decision to purchase a Newfoundland is unshakable, then you should take care of the place where the dog will be kept. Although the dog can live perfectly on the street, the content of Newfoundland on a leash or in an aviary is categorically not suitable. If the dog will live in a house or apartment, it is necessary to allocate a large space for her stay, it is better if it is a separate room or a large loggia. The dog's place of residence should be cool and dry. The dog should not spend time in direct sunlight, this can adversely affect the well-being of the dog.
Although Newfoundlands are phlegmatic and have a restrained character, they adore walking and physical activity. It is necessary to walk the dog at least twice a day (preferably more) for an hour or more. Since dogs of this breed are prone to obesity, it is necessary to give adequate loads to avoid problems with the accumulation of excess weight in the dog. The best and most desirable type of exercise is swimming. If possible, let the dog swim daily. Let the dog dive and take long swims.
A special point for the care of Newfoundland should be dog grooming. Only a vacuum cleaner can handle falling hair. The dog should be combed out at least four times a week with a stiff brush and massage the skin with a special glove. Grooming needs to be taken very responsibly, as tacklers and matted undercoat cause suffering to the dog. In no case do not cut the tangles, this can be done only as a last resort, it is better if you unravel the knots of wool. A Newfoundland dog does not need to be washed frequently. On the contrary, excessive use of shampoos (even specialized ones) can lead to the fact that the pet’s coat will become thin and weak, it will lose its luster. From a very young age, teach your pet daily examinations of teeth, ears, eyes and claws.
It is a mistake to think that a big dog can eat any food. The tendency to gain weight requires owners to pay special attention to the selection of a pet's diet. Breeders and veterinarians advise feeding Newfoundland with premium dry feed for giant breeds in which mineral supplements, food components and vitamins are already balanced as the dog needs it. It will not be superfluous to purchase scales in order to timely monitor the dynamics of the weight of the pet.
If you decide that the best option for feeding a dog is natural food, then you should consult a veterinarian who will tell you what foods and in what quantity should be given to the dog. According to general rules, meat should prevail in the Newfoundland menu. Groats should be selected taking into account the individual metabolism of the dog. If the dog’s metabolic rate is low, then rice will be the best choice. If the dog is not inclined to gain fat, then a barley group with the addition of buckwheat is suitable. Be sure to include vegetables in the menu, they contain the necessary vitamins, fiber.
Newfoundland Dog Breed: Business Card
The size of the adult Newfoundland is impressive: the dog is really gigantic. However, massiveness does not make divers clumsy: representatives of the breed that meet the standard are proportionately folded and have excellent control over their bodies. Newfoundland dog breeds are described below.
- Weight . By standard, adult males must weigh at least 60 kg. The average weight of "boys" is 68 kg. In especially large representatives of the breed, the weight can reach 75 kg. Females are on average lighter by 10 kg and weigh between 50 and 58 kg.
- Height . Growth at the withers according to the standard for males should be 71 cm, for females - 66 cm.
- Color. The standard of most countries recognizes only three colors: black, black and white, brown. Black color is considered traditional. There are gray Newfoundlands, but this color of wool is recognized only by the American Club, in other countries they are not allowed at exhibitions.
- Life span. Newfoundlands, like many large dogs, do not live long. Life expectancy is approximately 8-10 years. How much Newfoundland lives depends largely on proper care.
- Character. Newfoundlands lack aggression and fear. They are kind, have a balanced character, are patient. A dog of this breed will not offend the weak. They are especially kind to children.
- Intelligence. Newfoundlands have a sharp mind and excellent memory. The pet is easy to train: it is owner-oriented. It is important to interest the animal in activities and not give illogical teams. Newfoundlands are accustomed to acting, assessing the situation. Make decisions lightning fast and almost always right.
- Security and watchdog potential. Many start this dog as a watchman or bodyguard, focusing on size. But this is a companion and family dog. The nature of the dog is based on kindness and love for people at the level of genetics, so strangers do not seem suspicious to the animal. If family members are in danger, the newf will protect, but will not attack the offender. A guard dog from Newfoundland will not work, but the lifeguard from it is excellent.
Newfoundlands are divided into varieties by color. Three colors are officially recognized, respectively, three types of Newfoundlands are distinguished.
- The black . The value of a dog is determined by the juiciness of the black color. At the same time, burnout in a light red tint in the summer is allowed. In black Newfoundlands, the presence of a white spot on the chest is not considered a marriage.
- Brown All chocolate shades are acceptable by standard. White marks in the chest area are not pedigree. However, the spots should be small.
- Black and white. White should prevail, and black in the form of spots. Representatives of the breed with a black "saddle" are especially appreciated. Paws, belly, neck, tail are standard white. On a black head there should be a white triangular “mask” and a strip stretching to the nose.
Content and Nutrition Requirements
Newfoundland is better to start those who live in a private house. A large dog needs a lot of space. In the courtyard there should be an aviary where the dog will spend time if his presence in the house area is undesirable. You should put a booth in the yard, where the dog can hide from heat or rain. It is advisable that Newfoundland most of the time move freely around the site: the dog does not like restrictions.
Constant maintenance on the street is not suitable for giants: in the evening, the dog needs to be picked up for an overnight stay in the house. For Newfoundlands, it’s important to be close to your host. The chain content categorically does not fit this breed: the dog will become sad on the chain. A leash prevents the Newfoundland from forming correctly physically, opening psychologically.
Housing for divers is possible, but only if the housing area allows. Taking the puppy to the apartment, first of all, allocate him a place with a couch. It should be spacious with the possibility of subsequent "expansion". It is recommended to determine the length of the litter as follows: add two lengths of paws to the length of the body. On such a bed, the pet will be comfortable sleeping.
The main difficulty is hair care, because Newfoundlands have thick and long hair. Other procedures do not require special efforts from the owner. You need to teach a dog to care manipulations from early childhood, otherwise problems may arise when she grows up.
- Wool. Twice a week, the Newfoundland needs to be combed out with a stiff brush, otherwise tangles will appear. Combing an adult animal takes a long time. In spring and autumn, the dog molts: you have to comb every day. During molting, close attention should be paid to combing the undercoat. Once a year, Newfoundlands are trimmed.
- Bathing. Bathe the dog as necessary and before the show. Carrying out water procedures using shampoo is often not recommended: detergents can disrupt the lubrication that coats the coat. If the dog's fur coat is often dirty, it is better to use dry shampoos for cleaning, and use detergents as little as possible. Grooming is best left to professionals.
- Claws. Under the weight of the dog, the claws grind themselves, especially if you walk with the pet on the asphalt. Trimming is only required if the pet is moving a little. Once a month, evaluate the length of the claws: if they are too old, you need to cut them using a clipper. You need to accustom to the procedure from childhood: it is important that the dog is relaxed and not afraid of manipulation. Inexperienced dog lovers should ask the veterinarian to show how the procedure is performed.
- Paws After a walk, be sure to wash the dog's paws. Newfoundlands have membranes between their fingers where dirt gets clogged. It is important to delete it.
- The ears. Check your pet’s ears weekly. For ear hygiene, special drops and sprays should be used. You can buy regular chlorhexidine. Sulfur and dirt are cleaned with a napkin or cotton pad. Bad breath from the ears, red dots on the inside - an occasion to consult a veterinarian.
- The eyes. Pet care eyes do not require special care. You just need to regularly check your eyes for secretions. They can signal an infectious disease. Allocations are removed with a napkin dipped in boiled water or a chamomile broth. If the eyes are constantly flowing or the nature of the discharge is alarming, you should contact your veterinarian.
- Teeth . After changing the milk teeth, you need to examine the dog’s oral cavity weekly and carry out hygiene procedures. To do this, use special toothpastes and brushes. In the absence of dental care, tartar is formed, which causes an unpleasant odor from the mouth, and then various diseases of the oral cavity.
Newfoundlands prefer a measured lifestyle. The older the animal becomes, the less it moves and, as soon as possible, searches for a place to lie down. Representatives of the breed are prone to obesity. It is important to give them systematic physical activity, because excess weight provokes health problems.
- Two-time walk. Walk the dog in the morning and evening. Puppies are brought out to the street more often: they need to be trained to handle the need outside the house. Walking is needed even for those dogs that live in the house area. Going beyond the gate with the owner is a real adventure for a diver. In addition, walks are important for socialization.
- The right activities. Due to the high weight of Newfoundlands, not all types of activities are suitable. For example, agility is definitely not for divers. But a slow but long run, walking over long distances and just outdoor games with the owner - that’s it.
- Swimming If there is a pond nearby - the problem of daily workloads for the pet is resolved. Newfoundland swims with pleasure. And even when the water in the pond is cool: thick coat protects the dog from the cold.
Newfoundlands are easy to train. They are intelligent, have excellent memory. Divers are always ready to please the owner with the execution of commands, but on condition that the teams are logical - they will not "stunt". When training, it is important to follow three rules.
- Positive reinforcement. Newfoundlands should not be shouted, much less influenced by force (even the popular jerking training is forbidden). A good diver from such methods can become isolated. The result will only be affectionate and positive reinforcement with “goodies” or praise.
- Basic teams. The dog’s knowledge of basic commands greatly simplifies the owner’s life. But in the case of Newfoundland, it is also a necessity. The impressive size of a diver can frighten passers-by on the street, but you can always call a dog with the command “Come to me!” Or command “Near!” Warning the pet’s desire to meet.
- The regularity of classes. You need to deal with the dog daily. First, the pet teaches the team, then - consolidation, until a reflex is developed. You need to repeat commands even with an “excellent pupil”; without reinforcement, the reflex may fade away. Classes are “brain food,” which is so important to an intellectual diver.
Even if the dog is walking in the yard, it is important to teach her to walk on a leash: there may always be a need to go with the pet to a public place. It is important that the dog in no case pulled: to keep the heavyweight is not easy. Work out the “Place!” Command at home, especially if you live in an apartment.
Disease and treatment
Newfoundlands have a “pedigree” problem - disorders of the musculoskeletal system. This is due to the large weight of the dog. It is important to ensure that the pet does not overeat and stay in shape. Another common problem is overheating (there are fatal cases). Due to the thick coat, it is difficult for divers to live in hot climates. Most often, Newfoundlands are diagnosed with:
- joint diseases - torn ligaments, dysplasia,
- heart disease - cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis,
- dermatological problems - dermatitis, neoplasms,
- ophthalmic disorders - inversion or eversion of the eyelid, cataract.
Mating and childbirth
The first estrus in Newfoundlands happens at the age of 6-12 months. From this moment, the bitch may become pregnant. Breeders do not recommend immediately knitting a "girl". Usually they wait for the third estrus. During this time, the dog’s body gets stronger, it will be able to tolerate viable offspring. During walks, the flowing “girl” must be protected from males.
If you plan to get offspring from your dog, you should carefully monitor its weight. Extra pounds are the reason that pregnancy and childbirth are difficult. Due to being overweight, bitches often remain “empty” after mating. It is imperative to get advice on breeding issues from experienced breeders and veterinarians. Those dogs that do not go for breeding are sterilized to avoid health problems.
When choosing a nickname for your pet, consider the characteristics of the breed. Powerful Newfoundlands fit sonorous "solid" nicknames. A list of popular nicknames can be seen in the table.
Table - Newfoundland click options
|Nicknames for Newfoundland - "boy"||Nicknames for Newfoundland - "girls"|
|- Harley, |
|- Monica, |
Photos of puppies and dogs of the Newfoundland breed prove that representatives of this breed are very photogenic. In the photo, as in life, Newfoundland looks like a real aristocrat. In the appearance of the dog, a calm disposition and intelligence are read.
Cost and where to buy
A Newfoundland puppy is expensive. Before buying, be sure to decide what you need a dog for: show representatives of the breed are two, or even three times more expensive than those whose calling is to become just a pet. On average, in Russia the price of a diver is 30 thousand rubles. The cost is formed by the pedigree and perspective of the puppy. In Moscow, future champions are selling at 80 thousand rubles and higher (data for January 2018).
If you want to get a Newfoundland puppy, do it better in a trusted kennel. So you get a healthy baby with a stable psyche and all the breed virtues of character. The list of the largest Russian Newfoundland breeding nurseries is presented below:
- Saint & John in Moscow - www.mynewf.ru,
- The Black Mafia in St. Petersburg - www.chernaya-mafia.ru,
- Smigar in St. Petersburg - www.smigar.jimdo.com,
- “Kelvin Water Area” in Tyumen - www.aknewfs.ru,
- “From the Bank of the Don” in Rostov-on-Don - www.newfdon.ru.
Owner reviews of Newfoundland indicate that this is one of the best breeds for the family. The owners of the "bears" are ready to literally sing odes to the mind, intelligence and devotion of the representatives of this breed. Newfoundland could be considered a dog without flaws, if not for two “buts”: the need for regular care for thick hair and increased salivation. But these shortcomings cannot cross out the virtues of the character of a fearless good man.
Reviews: "Do not expect breed temperament from birth"
We were given a dog 4 years old Newfoundland breed, her nickname was Chara. What can I say about a dog of this breed, it’s very smart, a good nanny will never touch young children, they don’t smell a dog like Newfoundland like other dogs. Yes, the last owner of this dog dragged her into cats, and if she caught them, she choked, it was once, but this is the fault of the previous owner, not the dog. An excellent lifeguard, there was a bakery near our house and somehow it caught fire and until no one saw it, our dog began to bark much, which attracted our attention and we called firemen, as well as told the bakery to get out. The Newfoundland breed is easily trained, intelligent, loyal, kind. She ate porridge with viscera in our place, she needs to be combed out, as our grandmother knitted socks from her wool.
We have skin problems every summer during molting, and dermatitis forms under the undercoat. But the plus of rich wool is that in winter there are no frosts (and we have up to -40) Newfoundland is not afraid.
Dogs of this breed have a good-natured, tolerant disposition, but no one except the owners knows about it, the breed is now rare. In this I see many advantages. Firstly, all strangers are really afraid of the dog, even those who know that "she does not bite." We live in a private house in a sparsely populated area and not once, thank God, no one encroached on our property. Secondly, even if the dog ran away, I’m 100-200% sure that she will not rush at anyone and will not bite anyone, even drunk.
All in all, Newfoundland is certainly a beautiful dog in its adult state. However, do not expect a breed temperament from birth. Puppies of all breeds, in my opinion, are not much different. I can not say that this is without a problem dog. Again, even the mongrel needs care.
The best (for me?) Breed. 3 of them I had. The main drawback is, of course, age ... No, no. By the way, he doesn’t eat much, less than an Easterner or a German, and as for the walk, you can’t cope, excuse me, my first-grader daughter walked very well with Jeepsie (a bitch), and her disabled mother of group 2 with a Jeep (male), so that’s not what pull, so still protect. But- age ...
Ours was a member of the family, and not just a dog, did not regret for a minute that they took a newf, and what a caring nanny was! The children grew up under his guardianship, and the defender was what was needed, he let everyone into the apartment, yes, but he lay down under the door, did not see a daredevil who decided to step over it :)
I lived a newf, there were no problems with the location in the apartment. They didn’t stumble, they didn’t divide the sofas, I don’t see any problems at all. Maintain the hair in a combed state, wash as necessary, walk, feed normal food. I didn’t recognize the lounger as such, my favorite place was under the table in the kitchen. He liked to lie so that all household members were in sight, or at least see all the rooms where anyone is. With walks, too, there were no problems, aggression, too. I brought my newf here from Chelyabinsk. I don’t remember at once any global problems with him - a dog as a dog, as you raise, you will live with it.