Article date: 04.17.2007 (updated 11.21.2007)
Family: Marantovye (Marantaceae).
Homeland: swampy forests of Central and South America.
Bloom: relatively rare in late spring - in summer.
Shine: bright diffused, may tolerate some shading. The arrowroots grow very well under artificial lighting with fluorescent lamps for 16 hours a day.
Temperature: in the spring-summer period - 22-24 ° C, overheating is also dangerous for plants. From October to February (at rest), the optimum temperature is 18-20 ° C, in no case should the temperature fall below 10 ° C.
Watering: plentiful, warm soft water. The soil should be kept moist and should not be allowed to dry between waterings during the growing period. In autumn and winter, watering is moderate, a day or two after drying of the upper layer of the substrate.
Air humidity: high. Plants need daily spraying. It is advisable to use additional means of increasing the humidity around the plant. Arrowroots grow well in mini-greenhouses, florariums, terrariums.
Top dressing: the plant needs top dressing with both organic and mineral fertilizers. They are fed in spring and summer once every 2 weeks with a highly diluted solution of mineral fertilizers, as well as a highly diluted organic fertilizer.
Rest period: forced from October to February due to low light and high dry air. The plant is watered less often (they allow the topsoil to dry between waterings), they continue to spray.
Transfer: transplanted on average two years later, in the spring, while the pot is taken a little more than the previous one, preferably plastic (it holds moisture better).
Reproduction: division during transplantation, apical cuttings.
Rod Maranta (Maranta L.) has about 25 species of plants, the family of arrowroots. The homeland of Marant is the swampy forests of Central and South America.
The genus is named after the Venetian physician Bartalomeo Maranta (XVI century).
Arrowroot - perennial herbaceous plants with direct or creeping shoots and tuberous roots (rarely without them). Leaves are linear-lanceolate, oblong-elliptic, oval-rounded, green or colored. The flowers are collected in panicle-shaped inflorescences (spike-like thyrsus), small, usually white.
Most members of the genus are deciduous plants. They are notable for their spectacular coloring of leaves, on which brightly colored veins and spots stand out against an even background. The general background of leaves varies from almost white to dark green, almost black. Leaves are linear-lanceolate, oblong-elliptical, oval-round in shape.
In addition, arrowroot leaves have the ability to change their direction: leaf blades under favorable conditions are located almost horizontally, and with a lack of lighting or other adverse factors rise up and fold together. Because of this feature, arrowroots are called "praying grass." There is another popular name - “10 Commandments”. One of the species of arrowroot has 10 spots on the leaves, and therefore the inhabitants of England try to have such a flower in every house.
Some species are cultivated as starchy plants. Of greatest importance is M. arundinacea, the rhizomes of which are processed into flour (the so-called West Indian arrowroot), used in diet food.
Some believe that the arrowroot protects the house from disagreements and quarrels, absorbs aggression, relieves insomnia, and reduces nervous excitability.
White arrowroot (Maranta leuconeura E. Morren). Lives in tropical rainforests in Brazil. Plants with tuberous roots. The stalk is short, 25-30 cm long. The leaves are round-elliptic, 10-15 cm long and 5-9 cm wide, heart-shaped at the base, dark green above, with a silver stripe in the middle, silver-white side veins and light green colored patterns, bluish-green and reddish below . Petiole is short, up to 2 cm long. Decorative look. It is cultivated in warm greenhouses and in rooms, suitable for terrariums, greenhouses.
In culture, the plant itself is rarely found, its varieties are most often grown:
different Kerhoven (M. leuconeura var. kerchoveana E. Mogg.) - A low grassy plant up to 25 cm high. The leaves are oval, up to 15 cm long, on short petioles. The upper side of the leaf is bright green in color, with dark green spots of an ocular or feather-like shape; a white stripe runs along the central vein. The bottom of the sheet is red to bluish. The flowers are small white, 2-3 in inflorescences. Photo of a flower.
differentMasange (M. leuconeura var. massangeana E. Morr.) - The leaves are similar to different. Kerhoven, but the spots are olive brown.
different red-ribbed or tricolor (M. leuconeura var. erythrophylla E. Morr., or M. tricolor). The leaves are oval, 10-13 cm long, and 5-6 cm wide, from light green to dark green, lighter to the periphery. Velvety, crimson underneath. With distinct red veins on the outside and pink on the inside. Light green spots or yellowish-green spots along the central vein. Dark green feather-shaped spots along lateral veins. The flowers are light lilac.
Maranta two-tone (M. bicolor Ker Gawl.). Leaves 10 - 15 cm long, oval, with slightly wavy edges, green above, with dark green and brown spots on the middle vein, reddish, pubescent below, located on a short reddish petiole. The plant does not form tubers.
Reed Maranta (M. arundinacea L.). Grows in tropical rainforests in Central and South America. Compact shrub 0.6-1.2 m tall (stalks dry in the winter), with thick tuberous roots. The leaves are long (up to 25 cm long), ovate, pointed to the apex, pubescent below, dark green with a bluish tinge. The flowers are white.
|M. leuconeura var. massangeana||M. leuconeura var. erythrophylla||M. arundinacea|
Arrowheads are shade-tolerant plants that develop well in diffused light, like bright diffused light. In winter, plants also want bright diffused light. Do not tolerate direct sunlight during the spring and summer months. The size and color of the leaves depends on whether the plant is successfully protected from the sun. If the light is very bright, the leaves lose their color, and the leaf blade also decreases. The arrowroots grow very well under artificial lighting with fluorescent lamps for 16 hours a day.
Arrowheads are quite thermophilic. In summer, the optimum temperature is 22-24 ° C; overheating is also dangerous for plants. Watch the temperature of the soil - it should not fall below 18 ° C. From October to February, during the period of rest, the optimum temperature of the content of marantus is 18-20 ° C, in no case should the temperature fall below 10 ° C. The plant is very sensitive to temperature extremes and drafts - they must be avoided.
Watering requires plentiful, warm soft water. The soil should be kept moist and should not be allowed to dry between waterings during the growing period. In autumn and winter, watering is slightly reduced, and in cool conditions it is necessary to let the substrate surface dry. It is important to ensure that the soil is not swamped and the root system is not cooled.
Maranta prefers high humidity. She needs regular spraying throughout the year. Spray with well-settled or filtered water. For arrowroot, it is necessary to choose a place with maximum humidity. With dry indoor air, spraying is necessary at least once, and ideally twice a day. To increase moisture, the plant can be placed on a pallet with wet moss, expanded clay or pebbles. In this case, the bottom of the pot should not touch the water. Periodically, arrowroot can be washed in the shower. This procedure cleans dust and moisturizes the leaves of the plant, while during washing, close the pot with a bag so that water does not get into the substrate.
Unfortunately, in spite of measures to increase air humidity, the tips of leaves dry out in plants under indoor conditions. Arrowroots grow well in mini-greenhouses, florariums, terrariums.
The plant needs top dressing with both organic and mineral fertilizers. They are fed in spring and summer once every 2 weeks with a highly diluted solution of mineral fertilizers, as well as a highly diluted organic fertilizer.
Arrowheads are transplanted on average two years later, in the spring, while the pot is taken a little more than the previous one, preferably plastic (it holds moisture better). Dried and withered leaves are cut off from the plant so that young shoots grow better. For planting the arrowroot, they use shallow pots (the root system of the plants is shallow), it is necessary to arrange good drainage in them, consisting of shards, expanded clay or coarse sand. The plant prefers slightly acid soil (pH about 6), it can be composed of leafy, humus, peat land (1: 1: 1) or from garden soil, peat and sand (3: 1,5: 1). It is useful to add dry mullein, crushed charcoal and some coniferous earth to this mixture.
When grown in a hydroponic culture or on an ion-exchange substrate, arrowroot forms powerful large-leaved, low-growing plants, without requiring transplants, transshipments, and fertilizing for 2-3 years.
It is best to propagate the arrowroot by dividing during transplantation (large plants are carefully divided into 2–3 new specimens, being careful not to damage the roots) - plant in a peat-based substrate, after which it must be thoroughly watered with a little warm water and allowed to dry the surface before the next watering . Pots are placed in a loose-knit plastic bag and kept in a warm place until the plant hardens and new leaves appear.
The arrowroot can also be propagated by apical cuttings. To do this, in late spring or summer, cuttings with 2 to 3 leaves from new shoots of the plant should be cut and placed in water. Cuttings take root in about five to six weeks. They are well rooted in greenhouses with high temperature and humidity. Grown roots cuttings are planted in a planting substrate based on peat.
Due to too dry air, plant growth slows down, the ends of the leaves become brown and dry, often the leaves begin to fall off.
Due to too cold air and waterlogging of the soil in winter, the stems wither and can rot.
Due to lack of moisture, the leaves curl up and become stained, the lower leaves turn yellow
In too bright a light, especially in direct sunlight, the leaves lose their color or dry out.
The father of Plume is considered the discoverer of the flower, and the name of the plant is due to the physician and naturalist from Venice Bartalameo Marante, who described and studied a large number of botanical species in search of a universal antidote.
Scientists have honored this flower with the honor of naming a whole family of arrowroots. Like other hygrophilous tropical exotics, arrowroot was introduced to European flower markets from South America. The birthplace of most species of this plant is Brazil. In the wild, it is a grassy plant with a tuberous rhizome, reaching a height of one and a half meters. At home, the height of the bush does not exceed 40 cm. Most often, indoor specimens are about 25-30 cm in height.
Young stems have a vertical orientation, as they grow older under the weight of leaf sockets, they begin to spread horizontally. All species of arrowroot have a bloom that is not capable of causing particular admiration, since the flowers of a cream or purple hue are very small. Even when gathered in blooming spikelets, they look inconspicuous, therefore they are recommended to be removed in favor of a more magnificent growth of magnificent foliage. If, however, the flowers matured, then in their place a small single-seeded box is formed.
The main decoration of the arrowroot is oval or elliptical leaves about 15 cm long and 8-9 cm wide. Petioles are short two-centimeter. Arrowhead leaves are mobile depending on the lighting. In the evening hours, or in cloudy weather, petioles rise vertically and fold leaf plates, as if palms in prayer. This feature awarded the arrowhead a folk name - “prayer grass”. The color of the leaves is attractive - the background of the plate is pale to dark green, the reverse side is more uniform and has either a red-pink or a greenish-blue hue. Veins, stripes and spots of various shapes and colors are arranged in an orderly manner along the main background. All kinds of arrowroots grown at home are original and sophisticated in their own way. And everyone will have their loyal fans.
Types of arrowroot
At home, the best option would be varieties of the variety Maranta, white-veined (white-veined), which is less common than its variations. Recently, scientists have even been inclined to isolate these variations into separate species.
|Maranta leuconeura||Maranta leuconeura var. kerchoveana||Maranta leuconeura var. massangeana||Maranta leuconeura var. erythrophylla|
|Maranta bicolor||Maranta leuconeura beauty kim||Maranta leuconeura emerald beauty||Maranta arundinacea|
- White-veined Maranta (Maranta leuconeura) has stems 30-35 cm with broadly oval leaves having a non-pointed rounded apex. The front surface of the saturated green leaf base is separated by a silver canvas with white streaks diverging from it. At the base of the veins of Maranta, the white-vein is decorated with light green patterns of small size. The underside of the sheet is plain blue-gray or pinkish. White-veined arrowroot is not so often cultivated at home, the following three varieties are more popular.
- Maranta Kerhoven (Maranta leuconeura var. Kerchoveana) has light green leaves with a white stripe in the center and unique separately located patterns in the form of neat art strokes of a dark shade. Vein lines extending from the central strip do not look clear and slightly convex. The underside of the leaves is reddish with a blue overflow. Maranto Kerchoven grows to a height of 25 cm. This variety is most in demand as a houseplant.
- Maranta Massange (Maranta leuconeura var. Massangeana) sometimes referred to as black arrowroot. This is due to the dark olive or even brownish coloring of the patterned spots. Stripes of diverging veins are pale green, embossed in relief.
- Red-stalked arrowroot (Maranta leuconeura var. Erythrophylla) . Also known as Maranta tricolor or Maranta tricolor (Maranta tricolor) is very popular due to its bright color scheme. The juicy green color from the middle vein to the edges of the leaf changes to light green, the axial and transverse veins of raspberry or pink color beautifully break the leaf into compartments. Along the entire length, the main vein is framed by a light green ornament. The arrowroot tricolor has slightly velvety leaves. Wrong surface of a sheet of raspberry tone. The arrowroot tricolor is sometimes called the arrowroot Fascinator.
- Maranta two-tone (Maranta bicolor) It is found only in collections of highly professional florists; at home it is a very rare variety. It also has another official name, Maranta crestus (Maranta cristata). This arrowroot does not form tubers. The leaves are wide elliptical with slightly wavy edges, located on a reddish 4-centimeter petiole. The color of the leaves is this - the general background is pale green, along the main longitudinal vein on both sides there is a light-wide strip of equal width along the length with a comb edge. The crest is bordered by a darker green stripe. From the inside, the leaf surface is pubescent.
- Maranta Beauty (Maranta leuconeura Beauty Kim) reminds Kerkhoven, but on its leaves there is a viral spotting. Along the transverse veins throughout the plate are light strokes and stripes, sometimes expanding to half the sheet.
- Maranta Emerald Beauty (Maranta leuconeura Emerald Beauty) similar to Massange, but has a very wide light green strip along the main vein. Another difference is the absence of pronounced dark spots and a smoother transition of green from one shade to another.
- Reed Maranta (Maranta arundinacea) practically not cultivated at home, because it has a very large size. In fact, it is a shrub up to 1-1.2 m in height with large tuberous roots. The leaves are also long, up to 25 cm in length, ovoid, pubescent bluish below. In the native tropics of Maranta, reed is still of practical importance.
When choosing one or another species, you should definitely evaluate whether you have the opportunity to create suitable conditions for the arrowroot.
Some interesting facts
In addition to the decorative properties of the arrowroot, it also has some peculiar features. For example, it is able to raise its leaves up not only with a lack of lighting, but also in the event of a thunderstorm or just rainy weather. Thus, the arrowroot acts as a natural barometer. According to one version, this behavior of the plant is explained by the fact that turning the leaves into a vertical position, it protects them from damage by heavy drops of night dew or rain.
The English arrowroot is especially loved. They even called one of Kerchoven’s arrowroot species “ten commandments” due to the presence of ten rounded spots on the leaf surface. Many owners of this plant attribute to their pet therapeutic abilities - getting rid of insomnia and reducing fatigue. And adherents of Feng Shui believe that the arrowroot can neutralize negativity and aggression, save the family from quarrels and disagreements, and also relieve nervous tension after a hard day's work.
The rhizomes of one of the reed arrowroot subspecies are crushed into flour (West Indian arrowurut) and used as diet food, as thickeners for sauces and jellies. And at home, plants in hot and humid tropics, locals eat “starchy” rhizomes. Large dense leaves are used to weave baskets. Also, in the Indian tribes of the rhizomes, the arrowroots made an antidote to the poisoned enemy arrows.
Maranta is not toxic, and therefore safe for pets. However, if you do not want to deprive the plant of attractive decorativeness, it is still better to protect it from fluffy gourmets.
The compact size, combined with the high decorativeness of exquisitely painted foliage, made the arrowroot very popular in home green collections. If you manage to get different types of this beauty, then there is the opportunity to get an original floral ensemble on your windowsill.
Indoor arrowroot: care, reproduction, transplantation.
The homeland of this plant of the arrowroot family is the tropical regions of America.
Maranta is a perennial with oval leaves located on its lying stem, painted purple or pink on the underside. On top of the leaf blade is light green, with dark spots. In some varieties, the veins on the leaves are pink or silver. White flowers appearing on a short stalk do not represent decorative value.
Maranta is a moody plant, so it is recommended to grow it in the florarium, indoor greenhouse or conservatory. It goes well with other ornamental plants.
During the growth period, it is recommended to feed the arrowroot with floral fertilizers once every two weeks.
A beautiful ornamental plant is Maranta white-veined (Maranta leuconeura). The most famous varieties of this species are Erythroneura with the finest reddish pattern on the leaves, Kerchoviana, whose dark leaves are covered with brown spots, and Massange with silver streaks on the leaves.
Lighting. arrowroot should be grown in a bright room with diffused light. Direct sunlight can cause leaf burns. With a lack ...
White-ribbed Maranta (Maranta leuconeura)
Maranta white-bellied (Maranta leuconeura) is a perennial herb with tuberous thickenings on the roots. Family of arrowroot (Magantaceae). Homeland - tropical forests of Brazil.
Shoots are erect or oblique, up to 20-25 cm tall. Leaves broadly oval or elliptic, up to 15 cm long and 10 cm wide, on short winged petioles.
The leaf blade is bright green with indeterminate brownish spots along the middle vein. The underside of the leaf is grayish-green with a reddish tint.
The flowers are small, white in loose panicle inflorescences.
The plant is propagated by division and green cuttings.
It requires high humidity and a temperature of at least 18 & quot; C. In summer, shading, protection against drafts, moderate watering are necessary. In winter, watering is limited.
In the summer, they are fed monthly with mullein (1:10) and a 0.2% solution of mineral fertilizers.
Two varieties are known in culture: bluish-green leaves with dark green irregular-shaped spots along the middle vein, grayish-green leaves without a pattern below, flowers are small, white, in inflorescences, dark green leaves on the top, lighter olive to the periphery, with a greenish yellow irregular stripe along the central vein and ...
Praying grass - arrowroot
The arrowroot flower belongs to the arrowroot family. This species includes the arrowroot plant itself, as well as kaletey, stromantha and ktenanta. The natural habitat of the Moraine is the humid tropics of America and Africa. Calathea, arrowroot, stromanthus, ctenantus perennial herbaceous plants. All of them are appreciated by flower growers, primarily for the beautiful coloring of the leaves, most often collected in a basal rosette. Morantes are characterized by a clear pattern on the surface of the leaves. which can be light green, dark green sometimes almost black. The arrowroot flower has an interesting feature & # 8211, its leaves rise up in the evening, and lower and unfold in the morning, so in the morning and evening the arrowroots look different due to the different colors of the upper and lower sides of the leaves.
The height of plants from the family of arrowroots, depending on the variety, can be different from 20 cm to 1.5 meters, but the arrowroot itself is a low plant (about 30 cm).
In the underground part, the arrowroot flower has a thickened rhizome. Some species have tubers in which the arrowroot stores water in the dry period.
A little about the plant itself
Maranta - a small, compact herbaceous plant with variegated or pure green leaves of an oval, elliptical, lanceolate shape (depending on the species). Leaf color can vary from beige to dark green (almost black). In total, there are about 25 species in the genus Maranta, but mainly six of them are grown in indoor floriculture. This is an arrowroot white-chested, m. red-ribbed, m. reed, m. tricolor, m. masange, M. Kerkhovina. Each of these species is good in its own way, and it is difficult to single out any. But the white-veined arrowroot won the most popularity, it is precisely it that can most often be found in the collections of amateur gardeners and interior interiors. As for me, the most decorative arrowroot tricolorbut this is a matter of personal taste. It is believed that this houseplant calms the nerves, relieves depression, brings peace to the house.
Watering and humidity
I deliberately began the description of caring for the arrowroot from this point. For he is perhaps the most important in care. This plant comes from a tropical, marshy area with high humidity. She requires the same conditions at home. But watering should not be particularly zealous, although it is recommended that the earth be kept constantly wet, this should not be done. Let the top layer of the earth dry out a little, then water it. The regularity of arrowroot watering largely depends on the air temperature at which it is contained. In winter, when the plant is resting, watering is reduced.
But air humidity, pay maximum attention. In dry air, the arrowroot quickly withers. Moreover, unlike most indoor plants that prefer moist air, but are not sprayed in winter, it is possible (and necessary) to spray the arrowroot throughout the year. For watering and spraying use only well-maintained and preferably soft water, room temperature. But just spraying will not be enough, especially in winter, when the air in the house is overdried. The most common way to increase humidity is to put the pot in a tray with wet expanded clay (read about ways to increase air humidity here). It will be very nice if a couple of times a month you make her a shower under warm water.
The second most important point for caring for the arrowroot. The choice of place for her must be approached carefully. This plant does not like bright lighting. In any case, the windowsill is not at all a suitable place for him. About direct sunlight there can be no question, they are absolutely excluded. One could call the arrowroot a partial shade plant, but no one has yet given a clear definition of the term “partial shade”. Let's just say this: a wall between two windows, a corner at the window, a wall opposite the window - are quite suitable for placing arrowroots. It grows very well under artificial lighting. Therefore, she is so loved by florists and designers in the design of offices. The main thing you need to know is that with an excess of light, the arrowroot leaves fade and decrease in size, with insufficient lighting the pattern becomes blurry and the leaf itself also fades. If you notice these signs, pick a different place for the plant.
By the way. Three-colored arrowroot is often called a "prayer plant." If there is little light, then she raises the leaves - “hands” to the top, closing them into a socket. If there is enough light, then the leaves take a horizontal position. With a natural change of time of the day, this is a normal and very impressive sight, but if you do not want to drop the leaves even in the afternoon, look for another place for it.
Caring for arrowroot implies mandatory nutrition. BUT! You can’t get carried away with them. It is very sensitive to overfeeding. It can be fed with complex mineral fertilizer for ornamental and deciduous plants, breeding them, not as recommended in the instructions, but from the calculation - a gram of fertilizer per liter of water. The alternation of mineral and organic fertilizers gives a good result, but the concentration of organic matter should also be reduced by at least half. The arrowroot is fertilized twice a month, from the beginning of the growing season to the beginning of autumn. Winter top dressing is also allowed, but the concentration of fertilizers should be even lower, and the frequency less often (once every 30-40 days).
Arrowroot is a thermophilic plant. Moreover, it does not tolerate temperature changes and drafts. Although it is recommended to lower the temperature for it in winter (as much as +18 degrees!), Keep it in a warm room, at a temperature of + 20-25 degrees. Especially try to avoid hypothermia of the roots, the lower limit, this is the very "frosty" +18 degrees. Of course, in the summer of the arrowroot the plant is “restricted to travel abroad,” it is impossible to take it out to fresh air.
Transplanting any plant is a serious and responsible business for any houseplant. Therefore, transplantation of arrowroot is not particularly different. It is carried out with a frequency of once every two years at the beginning of spring (with the beginning of active development), in a slightly larger pot. Given the fact that the roots of arrowroot develop in breadth, then the pot must be selected wide and not very high.
In order to avoid the risk of making a mistake, I would recommend buying a ready-made one for the land, a beginner grower. But if you decide to cook it yourself, then keep in mind that alkaline land containing limestone is not suitable for transplanting arrowroot. It should be slightly acidic. You can recommend a simple recipe for such a mixture.
It is highly advisable to add a little coniferous earth to the mixture (it will give “acidity”) and charcoal.
Caring for the arrowroot at home would not be complete without the ability to propagate this plant. The easiest ways are propagation by cuttings and dividing the bush.
The second method is the easiest. Divides bush during a planned transplant. It’s enough to separate from
rhizome fragment with several leaves, two or three strong roots and planted in a separate pot. In order for a new plant (and the old one) to take root better and easier to undergo the operation, it can be put in a mini plate or covered with a cap from a PE bag.
To propagate the arrowroot with a cuttings, too, you won’t have to work hard, unless you have to wait longer. Cuttings can be from March to September. It is advisable to take not one, but two or three cuttings, for safety. The stalk is taken 7-10 centimeters long and two to three leaves. They are cut 2-3 cm below the attachment to the shoot. We put these cuttings in any container in the water and wait ... We'll have to wait a long time, on average a month, or even a half.
The roots have grown. Can be planted in the ground.
When the cuttings give roots, they can be planted in pots with light earth. During the survival of cuttings, air humidity is especially important.
Over time, the arrowroot bush becomes not quite attractive, sloppy. It can be trimmed. By the way, this can be done during transplantation, simultaneously removing old, withered leaves. Excessively extended growths are also cut off. This stimulates the emergence of young sprouts from the center of the outlet.
If the plant has become completely ugly, then it can be rejuvenated by pruning and putting it in a dark, warm place. Water it regularly, and after 30-45 days, the arrowroot will begin to grow new, more lush foliage.
Planting and caring for the arrowroot
- Bloom: decorative foliage plant.
- Lighting: penumbra.
- Temperature: in summer - 22-24 ˚C, in winter - 16-18 -18C.
- Watering: the ground should be slightly moist all the time.
- Air humidity: increased. Recommended daily spraying of leaves in the heat and keeping the plant on a pallet with wet sphagnum moss.
- Feeding: from March to August, twice a month with a weak solution of complex mineral fertilizers for deciduous plants.
- Rest period: from October to February.
- Transfer: spring once every two years.
- Reproduction: vegetative - by cuttings and division of the bush.
- Pests: mealybugs, mockworms and spider mites.
- Disease stem or root rot may develop from improper care, and leaves may lose their decorative effect.
Maranta flower - description
The arrowroot indoor flower is a plant with a tuberous rhizome, its leaves are elliptical in shape, basal or double-row, located on the stems. The colors of the leaves are varied and incredibly beautiful: the background color varies from almost white to dark green, and bright spots, stripes and veins stand out against the background. The top side of the leaf is much brighter than the bottom, and this is especially striking when the arrowroot flower makes its “prayer”: in the evening it picks up the leaves and slightly folds them so that only the plain bottom side of the plates is visible, and in the morning lowers and unfolds its beautiful leaves, the look of which is admirable every time.
Indoor arrowroot blooms with white, cream or lilac asymmetric three-membered flowers, collected in apical spike-shaped inflorescences. Blooming arrowroot is not a godsend what a sight, therefore, it is better to immediately remove the flowers so that the plant does not waste power in vain. The arrowroot is a single-seed box.In height, an indoor arrowroot plant rarely grows above 30-40 cm, so it can be kept in any, even the smallest, room, although natural plant species sometimes reach 150 cm in height.
Caring for arrowroot flowers is not as complicated as is commonly believed, so even a beginner grower can grow this treasure in himself.
How to care for the arrowroot
Care for arrowroot is to create optimally comfortable conditions for the plant. What are these conditions? Firstly, lighting: a homemade arrowroot flower grows best in partial shade, direct sunlight in spring and summer should be excluded from the leaves. Secondly, the air temperature, comfortable for the arrowroot, is 22-24 ºC in summer and 16-18 ºC in winter, but by no means lower than 10 ºC. Safely growing arrowroot also largely depends on air humidity and soil moisture - this is the third.
For watering arrowroots, you can use only soft water at room temperature that does not contain lime. The frequency of watering is determined by the state of the soil in the pot: it should be slightly moist all the time. To keep the air moist enough for a tropical arrowroot, keep it on a pallet with wet pebbles or expanded clay, or better yet, with wet sphagnum. In addition, regular spraying of the leaves of the plant from a finely divided sprayer with settled or filtered water at room temperature is necessary. In the hot season, the arrowroot needs to be sprayed daily.
An important factor in the successful cultivation of arrowroot is fertilizer application. The arrowroot needs feeding in the period of active growth, therefore, from March to August, it is fed twice a month with liquid complex fertilizer for decorative and deciduous plants. Note that the solution should be weak (one gram of complex fertilizer per liter of water), because the arrowroot is very sensitive to excess moisture in the roots and to an excess of nutrients in the soil.
Diseases and insects
I must say that the arrowroot is not affected by any specific diseases, the problems in the plant arise mainly due to improper care. The same can be said of insects.
Most often, the arrowroot suffers from red spider mites and mealybugs. The presence of the tick is determined by the presence of a thin web on the underside of the leaf plates and leaf falling, and the appearance of these pests is provoked by too dry air in the room. Damaged leaves must be removed, and the plant sprayed with an actellik or phytoerm.
Mealybug focuses mainly on leaf petioles, and it needs to be washed off with soapy water (20 g of soap per liter of water) - just remember to remove the soap from the plant. If this measure is not enough, you will have to spray the arrowroot with a solution of Actellik (2 ml per liter of water) several times until you are convinced that nothing threatens the plant.
Leaves turn yellow at the arrowroot
Frequent questions about why the arrowroot turns yellow do not suggest a definite answer. There may be several reasons, because foliage plants respond to stress and disease precisely by changing the color and texture of leaf plates.
- At first, The cause may be too cold indoor air.
- Secondly, yellow spots on the leaves may be traces of sunburn.
- Thirdly, too low humidity, fourthly, drafts.
In addition, an absolutely obvious reason is insufficient watering, as a result of which the lower leaves of the plant turn yellow. What to do if the arrowroot leaves turn yellow? Reread the rules for caring for the plant, identify the cause and eliminate it. Just do not expect quick success: soon only troubles arise, and a plant, like a child, requires care, attention and time.
Why does the arrowroot dry? First of all, this may be due to lack of nutrients in the soil: first, the tips of the leaves dry on the arrowroot, then brown spots appear on them. The plant also behaves from a lack of moisture: the lower leaves turn yellow, and the tips dry at the top. Maranta also dries up when you forget to maintain high humidity in the room. The presence of lime in the soil leads to the same result, so watch for the pH of the soil.
The arrowroot curls
Arrowroot has such a feature - to fold leaves every evening and open them every morning. But if you first observe the drying of the ends of the leaves, and then their folding, then the reason is either a lack of moisture in the soil, or because the arrowroot freezes - move it to a warmer room and make sure that it does not get into the drafts. And remember: no matter what problems arise with indoor flowers, in particular, with arrowroot, you need to look for the reason in the rules for caring for the plant. Determine what you violated them, correct the error, and the problem goes away by itself.
Maranta two-tone (Maranta bicolor)
It differs in oval, slightly wavy along the edge of leaves up to 15 cm long on a reddish short petiole. The upper side of the leaves is green with dark green and brown spots along the central vein, below the leaves are pubescent.
Reed Maranta (Maranta arundinacea)
A compact shrub up to 120 cm high with long, up to 25 cm, ovoid, pubescent leaves from below with a dark green color with a bluish tint.
Any of the species or varieties of the plant is worth the effort and time spent on its cultivation, since the exquisite beauty of arrowroot leaves leaves no one indifferent.