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Signs of rheumatism in dogs and treatment methods

During the off-season, our pets are especially vulnerable to diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

Moreover, all ages are “submissive” to rheumatism - both old and young. The age of diseased animals is from 6 months to a very old age, i.e., from the moment of maturation of the immune system to infinity. It is completely optional that, having appeared in a young dog, rheumatism will acquire a relapsing course - after adaptation of the immune system in the future, the symptoms usually do not recur. In contrast, in middle-aged and older animals, the disease usually acquires a chronic character with periodic exacerbations in cold and humid weather. However, dogs are not safe from an attack of rheumatism in the summer, for example, when bathing in too cold water in hot weather due to a sharp temperature drop.

Clinically, a rheumatic attack, as practitioners poetically call it, manifests itself in the form of intermittent claudication, soreness of certain muscle groups, weakness or stiffness of the pelvic limbs up to paresis and inability to move. According to the owners, the animal “doesn’t want to move, often stops for a walk, doesn’t jump on the couch, doesn’t go up stairs, limps, squeals with an awkward movement or touch, doesn’t wag its tail, hardly gets up, limps on one or different limbs, trembles ”And so on. The appetite is usually maintained or slightly reduced. Symptoms are manifested in various combinations and with varying degrees of severity. Rheumatism often occurs with acute pain syndrome, vocalization (whining), anxiety. The dog cannot find a place for itself, tries to get away from the pain and moves from place to place, moving very carefully, assumes a forced position, is "hunched over."

In most cases, rheumatic diseases are recorded in cold, wet weather during the off-season (spring, autumn). The main triggering factor is a sharp change in the weather, affecting the health status of weather-sensitive dogs, and wet hair. This is especially true for long-haired dogs - washed after a walk, they sometimes do not even have time to dry out until the next exit onto the street.

The group of breeds most susceptible to rheumatic diseases includes Pekingese, poodle, American Staffordshire Terrier, Chow Chow.

The main infectious agent detected in rheumatism is beta-hemolytic streptococcus, but the disease cannot be called truly infectious - it cannot be infected. The problem lies in the similarity of the antigenic composition of streptococcus, joint tissues and kidneys - the immune system reacts equally aggressively to bacteria and the body’s own tissues. In the absence of adequate treatment, the formation of immune complexes in the joints and kidneys can lead to the formation of erosive arthritis and chronic glomerulonephritis. In this regard, rheumatic diseases are not far from the autoimmune process and are sensitive to immunosuppressive therapy.

The variety of clinical symptoms depends on the predominant lesion of the muscles, spine, nerve tissue or joints.

“Muscular” rheumatism is characterized by flying pain with intermittent claudication. The disease can be of a recurring nature - that is, symptoms appear and disappear within a few days, then self-mate or modify into a more pronounced form of the disease with constant discomfort during movement and lameness. In some cases, a rheumatic attack occurs in the form of an acute attack with severe soreness, trembling - the dog does not allow to touch certain parts of the body. After applying specific therapy, the condition quickly improves, literally within a few hours. Unreleased cases of rheumatic myositis are characterized by episodic lameness and “flying” pains - from time to time the dog simply “forgets” about the diseased limb or begins to limp on the opposite. In the good old days, aspirin was considered an additional diagnostic test for rheumatism - the symptoms quickly stopped. In our century of scientific and technological progress, we can also be guided by the reaction to corticosteroids - after an hour or two the dog frolics, as if nothing had happened. The course of treatment for muscle rheumatism is usually 3-5 days.

Immuno-conditioned arthritis is usually prone to a progressive course and is erosive. Both mono-and polyarthritis are recorded. Inflammation affects the synovial membrane and connective tissue and proceeds in various forms with degenerative changes in the cartilage, ligaments and bones, because along with autoantibodies to the body’s own Ig G (rheumatoid factor), autoantibodies to collagen and cartilage tissue are also formed. An X-ray examination in case of rheumatoid arthritis shows periarticular edema, soft tissue infiltration, hypertrophic exostoses and sclerosis of the subchondral bone, ankylosis, dislocation or subluxation. With non-erosive arthritis, considered the precursor of rheumatoid arthritis, radiological changes, if recognized at all, are only in the soft tissues.

Neurological symptoms may be due to inflammation or infringement of the roots of the spinal cord or concomitant diseases of the spinal cord and peripheral nerves.

So, tension of the hind limbs (“stilted gait”), pain in the caudal (hind) part of the chest or the entire body and limbs, impaired tail mobility, bedding, general apathy, decreased appetite, and an increase in body temperature can be recorded with disk spondylitis. Discospondylitis is an acute or chronic infection of the intervertebral discs, epiphyses of the vertebrae and neighboring areas of the vertebral bodies, which can spread to the muscles of the lumbar region. The disease is often accompanied by purulent cystitis. Bacteriological examination usually reveals Staphylococcus staphylococcus intermedius, Brucella canis brucella, Streptococcus spp. Streptococcus, Escherichia coli Escherichia coli. Discospondylitis requires prolonged antibiotic therapy, often recurs.

The tense abdominal wall (“hard stomach”) usually reflects “radicular syndrome” or radiculopathy. Often observed in Pekingese, poodles. Since stool retention and forced posture may occur due to soreness, hosts usually suggest constipation. Symptoms quickly resolve after a short course of corticosteroids and painkillers.

First aid measures are the use of painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs (PentalginN, Baralgin, Spazgan, Analgin, Piroxicam, Rimadil, etc.). The next step must necessarily be a visit to the doctor, because a similar clinical picture can be recorded in other diseases requiring immediate medical attention (discopathy, plague, disc spondylitis, trauma, myelitis, etc.). Be extremely careful with the use of analgesics - the dog stops taking care of the damaged area and in case of injury or discopathy can cause irreparable harm to the spine. In case of radicular syndrome or signs of spinal cord injury, it is necessary to limit the mobility of the dog as much as possible up to placement in a cramped cage until spinal damage is ruled out.

An uncomplicated rheumatic attack quickly stops after the use of anti-inflammatory drugs (steroid (prednisone, dexamethasone) or non-steroidal NSAIDs (ketophen, piroxicam, pentalgin N, baralgin, analgin with diphenhydramine). But for a stable effect, course treatment is needed for 3-5 days using broad-spectrum antibiotics and B vitamins. For long-term therapy, preference should be given to more modern “mild” NSAIDs (rimadil, tolfedin) with minimal ulcerogenic effect (all NSAIDs in one or to a different degree can contribute to the formation of stomach ulcers). Steroid preparations with prolonged and uncontrolled use disrupt the regeneration of articular cartilage and contribute to the destruction of articular surfaces.

To optimize the metabolic processes in the joints with rheumatoid arthritis, the use of chondroprotectors (chondrolone, glucohextron, gelabone, stride, artorokan, glucosamine, etc.) is recommended.

Arthritis and discospondylitis require a longer and more intensive antibiotic therapy (cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, sinulox) - from 4 weeks or longer.

Among the vitamins, milgamma, neuromultivitis, vitamins B1 and B12, and nicotinic acid are used.

If there are contraindications to the use of traditional therapy, you can turn to homeopathy (traumeel, target, discus compositum). In acute cases, drugs are used daily, in chronic cases, two to three times a week. Traumeel as an anesthetic at the time of exacerbation can be taken every 1/2 -1 hour until improvement. Most often, homeopathic therapy is used for chronic sluggish arthritis.

In case of impaired motor ability or sensitivity of the extremities, vascular agents (dibazole, trental) are included in the course of treatment. The advantage of trental (pentoxifylline) is its disaggregation properties, as a result of which the blood microcirculation in the vessels of the extremities improves. And dibazole has a stimulating effect on the functions of the spinal cord.

Preventive measures for rheumatism are to prevent overcooling the dog. In wet weather, it is better to take the dog for a walk in overalls, so that after the walk you limit yourself to washing your paws. Wet hair is best dried immediately with a hairdryer.

Causes of Dog Arthritis

In the veterinary nomenclature, two categories of arthritis in dogs and other types of pets should be distinguished, which are classified depending on the underlying cause of the disease.

  • Degenerative arthritis, sometimes called non-inflammatory or traumatic. In the Russian nomenclature, this condition is also called arthrosis.
  • Arthritis of an inflammatory nature.

By and large, both types of the disease are inflammatory in nature, however, in the first case, inflammation develops without the participation of infection, therefore arthrosis is also called sterile arthritis. The pathogenesis of this pathology is based on dystrophic (degenerative) changes in the tissues of the joints.

For example, the production of articular fluid stops, the cartilage lining the rubbing parts of the joint is erased, and the case ends in damage to the articular surface of the bone.

In inflammatory arthritis, the pathological process develops mainly due to the infectious microflora, which got here from the external environment during injuries, or with blood flow - with the development of general sepsis. This category also includes a special kind of arthritis - autoimmune, which we will talk about in more detail below.

It is worth noting that inflammatory arthritis is faster and easier to treat, since it is often enough to get rid of the pathological microflora so that the tissues damaged by inflammation in the joint begin their recovery.

Degenerative joint disease

Arthrosis is one of the most common types of arthritis in dogs. This dystrophic process slowly but inevitably progresses, giving rise to an irreversible syndrome in which the absorbing and softening friction properties of articular cartilage gradually disappear.

Degenerative arthritis can be further classified as primary or secondary. In the first case, the disease develops independently in the area of ​​the affected joint, in the second - the disease can be preceded by pathological conditions.

Primary degenerative arthritis in dogs is rare. Basically, this form of the disease develops a second time in relation to some other provoking event, for example, acute or chronic joint injury.

Mechanical damage to the articular cartilage connecting the bones of the joint causes the release of a number of chemicals, collectively referred to as inflammatory mediators. These substances destroy the connective cartilage matrix faster than it is able to recover, which characterizes an extremely progressive course and severe pain.

The pathogenesis of any arthritis in a dog is almost always based on damage to the articular cartilage, whose role is to soften the sliding of the rubbing parts of the joint. As a result, the cartilage wears out completely, exposing the bone base, which gives severe pain. Soreness, in turn, violates the correct amplitude of movement in the joint, lameness, and at the last stage - the restriction of mobility.

Dog symptoms

The clinical signs of arthritis in dogs appear gradually and slowly worsen over time. External manifestations of the disease are not specific and can mimic a number of other disorders. In addition, the first symptoms often go so mildly that even the most careful owners may not notice them.

  • Intermittent claudication.
  • Unwillingness to rise or move.
  • Stiffness in the joints, especially after intense training or long periods of rest.
  • The development of a gait remotely resembling a hare jumping.
  • Swelling, fever and pain in the affected joints.
  • Visible articular deformities.
  • Increase the length of the rest period. The dog sleeps more than usual.
  • Intolerance to physical activity, disinterest in physical activity.
  • Weight gain.
  • Lethargy.
  • Signs reminiscent of depression.
  • Whining at the time of raising and starting to move.
  • Irritability.
  • Manifestation of aggression at the moment of touching painful joints.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Lameness.
  • Inability to gain speed while running.
  • Raising the affected limb. If arthritis develops not only on one limb, the dog alternately raises sore legs.

All of these signs will progress over time and move from one to another. Dogs suffering from arthritis can grow more slowly, in the morning they need more time to warm up, the same applies to the period after a day's sleep. How quickly the disease progresses will depend on a number of factors, including the breed of the dog, feeding, weight, age, and genetic conditions.

High Risk Dogs

Doctors call an exacerbation of a disease a rheumatic attack. It begins to appear in the form of intermittent claudication, stiffness, or weakness of the pelvic limbs. soreness of certain muscle groups. The animal clearly does not want to move around, often stops for a walk, does not go up the stairs, does not jump onto the sofa, the dog is limping on one or different legs, and squeals with an awkward movement.

The dog hardly gets up, does not wag its tail, can tremble. At the same time, her appetite may be the same or slightly reduced. All these symptoms can manifest themselves with varying degrees of severity and in various combinations.

Rheumatism often occurs with acute pain, the dog is restless and whining. She cannot find a place for herself, assumes a forced position - is “hunched over”, tries to move carefully. Often the disease is accompanied by purulent cystitis. More often, rheumatic diseases are recorded in the offseason - in autumn and spring in wet weather.

“Muscular” rheumatism is characterized by flying pains with intermittent claudication. Symptoms may disappear on their own for several days, and then resume again.

Diagnosis and treatment

Since symptoms may indicate different diseases, proper diagnosis is important. Previously, it was enough to give an aspirin tablet to stop the symptoms of rheumatism, which means to find out what exactly this disease is. Nowadays, corticosteroids are used more often.

If after a couple of hours the dog frolic, as if nothing was hurting her, then the symptoms indicated it was rheumatism. First aid for exacerbation of rheumatism is provided by the use of painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs:

  • baralgin,
  • pentalgin,
  • piroxicam
  • analgin,
  • spazgan
  • rimadil and others.

Arthritis is accompanied by a complex of symptoms, some of which are difficult to miss:

  • inflamed joints increase in volume (this is especially noticeable on large joints of the limbs),
  • a joint affected by arthritis loses mobility, it decreases due to swelling,
  • soreness - even a slight movement causes the dog a severe, unbearable pain,
  • the dog rests most of the time, laying on the healthy “side” of the body, if the inflammatory process is bilateral, then he can choose an unnatural position for rest that does not cause pain,
  • decreased activity - the pet is reluctant to respond to the call for a walk, may completely refuse to play, has difficulty descending or climbing stairs, cannot climb onto his favorite sofa, etc.,
  • weight gain - the dog is getting fat, but at the same time eats less than usual, this is due to low mobility and activity.

The changed behavior of the pet should alert - after all, dogs often suffer pain, and only accompanying signs indicate that something is wrong with their health.

The following symptoms indicate the development of a four-legged friend of arthritis:

  • Decreased motor activity. The animal is less likely to take part in active games with the owner and brothers. Long walks become beyond the power of a sick dog, it often stops, reluctantly follows the owner, listlessly executes commands.
  • Pain syndrome. The inflammatory process is accompanied by painful sensations. After sleeping, resting the dog moves carefully. The animal tries to avoid stairs, especially when going down. When feeling the limbs, pelvic joints, anxiety from the pet is observed. Inflamed tissue is hot to the touch.
  • Weight gain. Obesity is associated with physical inactivity.
  • Lameness. More commonly observed after sleep and rest.

A sick animal is often depressed, sluggish, there may be a decrease in appetite.

Diagnostics at the clinic

After the history and physical examination of the animal are completed, it is recommended that blood and urine tests be performed. These type examinations, as a rule, do not provide concise diagnostic information about the general condition of arthritis, however, with their help it is possible to assess the nature and severity of inflammatory processes, as well as determine the presence of infection and obtain valuable information about the underlying health status of the dog.

To study the disease in veterinary practice, in addition to a clinical examination of a sick animal, puncture is used, followed by bacteriological analysis of the resulting intraarticular fluid, as well as cytological and laboratory research methods. Laboratory diagnosis allows you to identify, as a rule, the infectious nature of the disease.

An effective method for recognizing destructive processes in a joint is radiography. X-ray images allow to detect deformation of bone tissue, to assess the localization of inflammation, to identify the narrowing of the joint space. On radiographs with arthritis, thickening and mineralization processes of soft tissues are observed.

Rheumatoid arthritis treatment

Therapy of the disease is both conservative and operational. Most forms of the disease, including rheumatoid, respond well to drug treatment.

Effective medications for inflammatory processes of the musculoskeletal system are glucocorticoids. In addition to a powerful anti-inflammatory effect, the drugs also have immunosuppressive properties, which is important in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. For the treatment of the disease, Dexamethasone, Prednisolone is used.

Arrangement of space

Successful treatment of inflammatory processes in the joints is unthinkable without changing the conditions of the pet. First of all, the owner must provide the dog with a warm and dry room.

The sunbed for a sick dog should be tight, made of heat insulating materials. It is necessary to equip a berth in a part of the room protected from drafts and dampness.

The pet bed should not be placed under air conditioning systems.

Preparations

In veterinary practice, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are widely used, which also have analgesic and decongestant effects. Medicines of this group are prescribed and used only under the supervision of a veterinarian, as they have many side effects. For the treatment of arthritis in a dog, Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Ketoprofen are prescribed.

In the acute form of arthritis, a strong pain medication is prescribed for a sick pet - Tramadol, Butorphanol. Analgesics such as Spazgan, Baralgin with this disease are ineffective.

Many veterinary specialists note a positive effect when using chondroprotectors. Medications slow the destruction of cartilage, improve trophism. For dogs, chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine are used.

First aid

In some diseases, it turns out that care and proper care is more important than taking medications. And arthritis refers specifically to diseases of this category:

  • the owner must provide the pet with the most comfortable conditions in order to exclude factors that can cause exacerbation of painful symptoms,
  • you should properly arrange the dog’s place - lay a soft mattress or pillow, a filler that can take on the shape of the body is ideal, you also need a heating pad or bedspread that has heating,
  • if the house has slippery floors, it is better to cover it with carpet or some other coating,
  • Sun baths are useful for a pet, but to reduce the load, walking time should be reduced, it is also worth protecting it from brothers who want to play and frolic,
  • if the dog is being trained, then it is worth temporarily abandoning classes in the group, the same applies to additional courses, but when undergoing general training that ensures obedience and socialization of the dog, it should not be stopped, even in the presence of chronic diseases,
  • it is worth considering the risks of gaining excess weight - when the physical activity of the animal is reduced, it can be transferred to a facilitated diet,
  • an arthritic dog is supplemented with vitamin and calcium supplements,
  • water procedures have an excellent effect - they strengthen muscle tissue, relieve pain and discomfort,
  • massage - if you stroke the pet’s legs in circular motions - from bottom to top, you can improve blood flow, “warm up” the muscles, reduce pain, you can use a warming agent for the procedure - you can purchase it in a veterinary pharmacy,
  • An important aspect is regular visits to the veterinarian - at least once every 5-6 months, this will allow timely detection of changes and adjustments to therapy.

Experts warn that it is contraindicated to heat the inflamed areas with purulent inflammation. If there is a suspicion of suppuration, it is best to consult a veterinarian. The owner’s help in the treatment of arthritis is invaluable, but only if he does everything right, according to the prescribed treatment regimen.

Prevention

Because there are many potential causes of arthritis in dogs, the disease is rarely prevented. Of course, the progression of secondary degenerative arthritis can be delayed if the diagnosis and the underlying cause that caused it were identified in the early stages.

The general principles for the prevention of joint inflammation include controlling the overweight of your dog, which is probably the most important factor in preventing or slowing the progression of inflammation. Overweight dogs should be eliminated with a low-calorie diet, and under the strict supervision of a veterinarian.

In addition, you should provide your pets with soft, comfortable, well-laid sleeping places, as well as take reasonable measures to limit high jumps and other active physical activities of the animal that can lead to injuries.

Regular, moderate, physical activity can strengthen the muscles and ligaments of the joints in the dog, which will prevent the development of their damage. However, overloading will bring the opposite effect.

It must be remembered that the anatomy of dogs, especially large breeds, contributes to the development of arthritis. In fact, any animal is at risk for this disease, therefore, the general health of your pet should be constantly monitored, paying particular attention to physical activity, preventing injuries and preventing tick-borne infections.

Veterinary specialists include the following for preventive measures to prevent the development of arthritis in dogs:

  • Balanced diet by nutrients, vitamins and minerals.
  • Equipment warm and dense berth.
  • Keeping the dog indoors without drafts and dampness.
  • The presence of non-slippery floors with carpet.
  • Injury prevention.
  • Moderate physical activity in accordance with the age and development of the pet.

Causes of Arthritis

Veterinarians have quite a few causes of rheumatism. First of all, these are external factors:

  • sudden changes in weather that affect weather-sensitive dogs,
  • adverse outdoor conditions in a wet kennel.

An animal that was bathed after one walk and did not have time to completely dry to another falls into a risk group, and on a street it is a rainy autumn or spring day. However, doctors consider the streptococcal infection as the main danger. Most of all, the risk of developing rheumatism increases after suffering pharyngitis, tonsillitis.

Although not every dog, having had angina, gets rheumatism. There is a predisposition of the body to streptococcal infection. There is also a genetic predisposition to rheumatism, which in some breeds is inherited.

Poods, Pekingese, Chow Chow, and the South American Staffordshire Terrier have a genetic tendency to this disease. The body also weakens poor nutrition, reducing its natural resistance.

The main reasons that provoke the development of the inflammatory process in the joints, veterinary specialists include:

  • Injuries. Mechanical damage, as a rule, is accompanied by tissue destruction, a violation of the integrity of the joint capsule. With injuries, muscle and tendon rupture often occurs, which leads to hematomas and swelling of the joints.
  • Infectious diseases. Viral particles and bacteria, rickettsia and fungi are a common cause of inflammation in the joint tissues. Pathogenic microorganisms enter the organs of the musculoskeletal system, as a rule, with the flow of blood or lymph from the foci of inflammation in the underlying disease.
  • Excessive physical exertion. Arthritis can occur with an excessive load on the joint due to metabolic disorders in the tissues, loss of cushioning properties of the organ, and the development of degenerative processes.
  • Inadequate nutrition. Lack of vitamin D, calcium and phosphorus in the diet, and an excess of iron are common causes of pathology in young pets.

According to veterinary experts, keeping dogs on cold and hard surfaces can provoke the development of arthritis in dogs. The situation is aggravated by slippery floors. Stress is a common cause of joint pathology in dogs. Often arthritis occurs when the pet has extra pounds.

Veterinary experts note that dwarf and miniature breeds of dogs are prone to rheumatoid arthritis to a greater extent than medium and large. Dalmatians, Chow Chow, Bullmastiffs, Bulldogs, American Staffordshire Terrier - these breeds are more likely to get sick when they reach old age.

Types of disease

In veterinary practice, it is customary to distinguish the following varieties of arthritis in dogs:

  • Rheumatoid This type of pathology is due to the fact that antibodies are produced in the animal’s body on their own protein structures. Cartilage tissue is attacked by the immune system, thinning and collapsing.
  • Purulent. Inflammation develops in the joints due to the penetration of pyogenic microorganisms into the tissue. This is one of the most dangerous types of ailment. With untimely professional assistance rendered, a purulent form of arthritis can lead to life-threatening sepsis.
  • Drug. This type of pathology occurs as a complication of vaccination, the use of drugs (cephalosporins, macrolides, etc.).
  • Traumatic.Arthritis develops due to damage to the joint itself and periarticular tissues.
  • Dystrophic. The cause of the disease is metabolic, metabolic, vitamin deficiencies. Metabolic arthritis is more often diagnosed in young pets due to an unbalanced diet.

The acute and chronic form of the disease is also distinguished by the shape of the course of the inflammatory process.

Doctors call an exacerbation of a disease a rheumatic attack. It begins to appear in the form of intermittent claudication, stiffness, or weakness of the pelvic limbs. soreness of certain muscle groups. The animal clearly does not want to move around, often stops for a walk, does not go up the stairs, does not jump onto the sofa, the dog is limping on one or different legs, and squeals with an awkward movement.

The dog hardly gets up, does not wag its tail, can tremble. At the same time, her appetite may be the same or slightly reduced. All these symptoms can manifest themselves with varying degrees of severity and in various combinations.

Rheumatism often occurs with acute pain, the dog is restless and whining. She cannot find a place for herself, assumes a forced position - is “hunched over”, tries to move carefully. Often the disease is accompanied by purulent cystitis. More often, rheumatic diseases are recorded in the offseason - in autumn and spring in wet weather.

“Muscular” rheumatism is characterized by flying pains with intermittent claudication. Symptoms may disappear on their own for several days, and then resume again.

Since symptoms may indicate different diseases, proper diagnosis is important. Previously, it was enough to give an aspirin tablet to stop the symptoms of rheumatism, which means to find out what exactly this disease is. Nowadays, corticosteroids are used more often.

If after a couple of hours the dog frolic, as if nothing was hurting her, then the symptoms indicated it was rheumatism. First aid for exacerbation of rheumatism is provided by the use of painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs:

  • baralgin,
  • pentalgin,
  • piroxicam
  • analgin,
  • spazgan
  • rimadil and others.

It is better to give an incomplete dose, because, without feeling any pain at all, the dog stops taking care of the damaged area and injury can occur that will cause irreparable harm to the spine. After this, you need to see a doctor to make a more accurate diagnosis.

Uncomplicated rheumatic attack stops quickly with the use of anti-inflammatory drugs:

  1. prednisone
  2. dexamethasone
  3. piroxicam
  4. ketophen
  5. baralgin,
  6. pentalgin N,
  7. analgin with diphenhydramine.

A course is needed for 3-5 days using B vitamins and broad-spectrum antibiotics. If there is a violation of the ability to move or sensitivity of the limbs, vascular agents are introduced into the course of treatment: trental, dibazole. Prevention with rheumatism is to prevent overcooling the dog. In wet weather, it is better to put it on a walk in overalls, do not bathe the animal in the cold season or immediately blow dry it.

The following symptoms indicate the development of a four-legged friend of arthritis:

  • Decreased motor activity. The animal is less likely to take part in active games with the owner and brothers. Long walks become beyond the power of a sick dog, it often stops, reluctantly follows the owner, listlessly executes commands.
  • Pain syndrome. The inflammatory process is accompanied by painful sensations. After sleeping, resting the dog moves carefully. The animal tries to avoid stairs, especially when going down. When feeling the limbs, pelvic joints, anxiety from the pet is observed. Inflamed tissue is hot to the touch.
  • Weight gain. Obesity is associated with physical inactivity.
  • Lameness. More commonly observed after sleep and rest.

A sick animal is often depressed, sluggish, there may be a decrease in appetite.

Veterinary specialists include the following for preventive measures to prevent the development of arthritis in dogs:

  • Balanced diet by nutrients, vitamins and minerals.
  • Equipment warm and dense berth.
  • Keeping the dog indoors without drafts and dampness.
  • The presence of non-slippery floors with carpet.
  • Injury prevention.
  • Moderate physical activity in accordance with the age and development of the pet.

Such conditions are often noted by owners of dogs and cats. In those cases when the dog refuses to climb the stairs or climb onto the sofa, it hardly gets out of a lying position, does not stand on its hind legs, but there is no limp on the hind limb, which could be attributed to a restriction of movement, in most cases we can assume the following diseases (lower list of incidence, higher more often):

1. Pain in the spine or in the spinal cord. Back pain can occur due to various pathological conditions, often in dogs of medium and large breeds these are spondylosis, disc spondylitis, compression diseases of the spinal cord (disk hernia, lumbosacral stenosis). In young dogs, hernias are rare, so more often it is spondylosis or lumbosacral stenosis. In small dog breeds, refusal from jumping, ladders and chairs is also associated with back diseases and may indicate Chiari syndrome, syringomyelia, as well as hernias in dogs older than 4 years. It is diagnosed with an X-ray, but this examination does not always provide enough information about the condition of the spinal cord and the extent of compression, in which case an MRI, CT scan is performed. This item is also relevant for cats.

2. Symmetric diseases in two hind limbs: symmetric dysplasia of both hip joints, symmetric pain in both knee joints. The same pain emanating from two hind limbs leads to a limitation in activity without obvious lameness on one of the hind legs. This item is also relevant for cats.

3. Diseases of the prostate gland (prostatitis, neoplasms and prostate cysts can give pain, causing the dog to have limitations in activity. More typical for dogs older than 5 years old, and, of course, only in males. In bitches, a similar condition can be caused by diseases of the uterus. Both pathologies are determined with the help of ultrasound, just as males suffer bitches in age.

4. Diseases of the paraanal glands. Easily determined by examining the dog and releasing the glands.

In most cases, the restriction in activity, which is manifested by the refusal of the dog not to stand on its hind legs and hardly climb the stairs or even refuse to change the curvature of the back, is connected with the first two points, of which the first prevails.

The root causes of rheumatism

The dog has “wild” roots, so “strong” breeds with strong immunity rarely get sick. To undermine the dog’s immunity, you don’t need so much; wet coat and draft are enough. Veterinarians name the many possible causes and relapses of articular rheumatism:

  • A sharp change in temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, change in the climate zone.
  • Violation of the norms of keeping the animal - a wet couch, kennel, drafts, frequent bathing with incomplete drying of the coat, a sharp temperature drop depending on the time of day.
  • Recently transferred colds or viral diseases.

The causative agent and parasite is a type of streptococcus. However, the disease is not infectious and is not transmitted from the carrier to a healthy individual. Parasite cells have a similar structure to cells of connective tissues, therefore, the animal’s immunity attacks both. In fact, rheumatism has the same “roots” as an autoimmune disease, the body is attacked by its own white blood cells.

There is no special risk group; all breeds of dogs, from six months to a very old age, suffer from rheumatism. To protect the dog from the disease or its relapses, it is important to diagnose the disease at an early stage and strictly follow preventive measures.

The Pekingese, Chow Chow, poodles and “fighting” breeds have a genetic predisposition to rheumatism.

How rheumatism occurs in dogs

Rheumatism in a broad sense is a disease of the connective tissue. The disease affects joints, muscles and tendons, delivering a “large-scale blow” throughout the body.

Joint rheumatism in dogs is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Unreasonable lameness after physical exertion or sleep.
  • It is difficult for an animal to rise from a prone position.
  • The dog does not wag its tail, stoop, refuses to take the barrier or walk up the stairs, prefers careful and unhurried movements.
  • Shrieking sharply when moving or trying to stand up.
  • The animal feels discomfort when examining the hip joints.
  • Anxiety, tremor. The dog has been looking for a place and pose for a long time to lie down.
  • Swelling of the joints.
  • Poor appetite and stool retention.
  • Perhaps the development of acute cystitis and an increase in base body temperature.

The disease is chronic, acute symptoms may not appear for 6-12 months. In the off-season "spring-summer" and "fall-winter", sick animals experience an exacerbation, which is called rheumatic fever or relapse.

Rheumatism has very vague symptoms, moreover, the signs appear and pass in an arbitrary order. In order to determine the direction of diagnosis, the dog is given aspirin or corticosteroids prescribed by the doctor - 1/2 dose, calculated by weight. If the animal is “amused” after 1-2 hours - most likely, the case is rheumatism.

Important! During an exacerbation, the dog experiences severe pain, may be aggressive and not allow itself to be touched.

How to help a dog with rheumatism

First, you need to clearly understand if a puppy has a rheumatism attack - without delay, go to the clinic in 85% of cases, timely and correct treatment allows for complete remission. If an attack affects a dog older than 5 years, it is most likely not possible to achieve a full recovery. Secondly, chronic rheumatism in dogs requires seasonal therapy and precise control, the older the dog becomes, the more pain and discomfort the illness brings.

As a treatment for the animal, drugs are prescribed that relieve swelling, painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs: baralgin, analgin, rimadil and others. The veterinarian may prescribe drugs of a narrower spectrum and their dosage. If you treat the dog yourself, it is important not to give the dog a full dose of pain medication. The animal should feel a slight pain, otherwise playing too much, the dog can harm itself.

Usually, the course of treatment lasts up to 7 days. In addition to the main drugs used:

  • Broad-spectrum antibiotics, with a mandatory course that will restore the microflora of the digestive system.
  • Vitamin preparations or nutritional supplements with a complex of vitamins of group B.
  • Means for stimulating blood vessels and blood flow.

Important! The younger the dog, the greater the chance of complete remission after treatment.

Please note that disc spondylitis has very similar symptoms, but is a more dangerous disease. Discospondylitis - an acute chronic disease, accompanied by inflammation of the cartilaginous tissues of the intervertebral discs, manifests itself:

  • Lethargy, apathy, decreased mobility.
  • “Walking” gait - the animal does not bend its hind legs when walking.
  • The dog does not wag its tail and prefers to lie in one position for a long time.
  • The animal experiences pain during examination (palpation, checking the mobility of the joints) of the chest and hip.
  • Accompanied by cystitis.

Discospondylitis requires a long and large-scale treatment with antibiotics, most often it is not completely cured. The causative agent is a group of staphylococci and intestinal bacteria.

Causes of the disease

Rheumatism is an inflammatory disease of the connective tissues of all organs and systems of the body. Pets that have rheumatism weak immunity , since the main cause of the disease is a cold. Sometimes it’s quite enough for a wet dog to just lie in a draft. However, the main causes of rheumatism are:

  • Large fluctuations in air temperature.
  • Too high humidity.
  • Relocation to other climatic conditions.
  • Bad conditions for keeping the dog.
  • Frequent colds and viral diseases (pharyngitis, tonsillitis).
  • Poor nutrition.
  • Genetic predisposition.

Disease progression is due to penetration streptococcal infection in the muscles and joints, thus, the destruction of these tissues begins. This disease is not contagious and is not transmitted to other animals.

Any of the dog breeds may suffer from rheumatism, however, the Chow Chow, Pekingese, poodles, South American Staffordshire Terriers and “fighting” dog breeds are most affected by it.

Main symptoms

  • The pet begins to limp, bending alternately one and the other limb.
  • On palpation, the dog experiences pain.
  • After resting, it is difficult for the animal to get up; it ceases to climb stairs or upholstered furniture on its own.
  • Body temperature rises, fever occurs.
  • The pet is anxious.
  • Appetite is reduced.
  • The joints are swollen.

Types of rheumatism in dogs

Muscular . With muscle damage, heart tissue can also be affected. For the acute stage of the disease, the characteristic signs are: sore muscles, curvature of the back and neck, after sleeping the dog is hard to stand up, movements are difficult. Body temperature rises, appetite decreases, heart function worsens. In the chronic course of the disease, periodic exacerbations are noted.

A sign myositis is an inflammation of muscle cells. Pain occurs alternately in different parts of the body. The vessels of the microvasculature are affected, a phenomenon called rheumatic vasculitis. The walls of the affected vessels are destroyed, fibrinoid necrosis begins, granulomas - nodules of cell neoplasms are found.

At sharp the development of the disease affects the muscles of the extremities, there is a fever, fever, general depression of the body. The gait changes, the movements are unnatural, lameness is present.

In rheumatoid arthritis in acute form affects one or two joints, the disease gradually transfers to large joints. With the disease, there is a systemic inflammation of the joints - polyarthritis. The joints affected by the disease swell, the synovial membrane becomes inflamed, and palpation can feel rolling inside the joint fluid.

Specialists highlight acute infectious rheumatism, it is diagnosed by the method of clinical research, for analysis, a puncture is taken from the joint cavity. The method of its treatment can be either conservative (antibiotic therapy) or surgical (arthroscopy). The surgeon performs the treatment and rehabilitation of the joint, and in certain cases, drainage.

If the animal was not given timely treatment, then complications can be observed, such as: the appearance of erosion on the cartilage of the joint, renal failure, damage to the heart and its membranes, multiple inflammation of the joints, uncontrolled convulsions.

Disease onset

With rheumatism in a dog, the connective tissues of all organs and systems in the body become inflamed. Veterinarians say damp hair is enough to start this disease. Often after strengthening the immune system, the puppy develops rheumatism. But if the dog fell ill in adulthood, then the disease will be up to old age and chronic. It will also aggravate while swimming in cold water and in wet rainy weather.

The main causes of rheumatism are:

  • poor drying of the coat and frequent bathing,
  • wet draft booth or litter,
  • unstable temperature and humidity,
  • poor nutrition and lack of essential vitamins and minerals,
  • frequent colds and poor treatment,
  • genetic predisposition.

Basically, dogs with poor immunity suffer from rheumatism. But the root cause is still a cold. Absolutely all breeds can get rheumatism with poor pet maintenance. But veterinarians identify a number of breeds that are most prone to this. These include poodles, Chow Chows, Pekingese, Staffordshire Terriers and various “fighting” breeds. Rheumatism is not classified as an infectious disease, therefore, in contact with a sick dog, a healthy dog ​​does not get infected.

Symptoms of rheumatism in dogs

Rheumatism can be expressed in two forms - these are joint pain and muscle pain. The disease can appear for a while, and then completely disappear. The main symptom of rheumatism is an unreasonable limp after a walk or sleep. If rheumatism manifests itself in the muscles, then during movement the pain can pass. After sleep or lying, the pain returns. When it manifests itself in the joints, one or several joints may be ill.

The dog during the exacerbation of the disease is very suffering. Joints may swell, body temperature may rise, the pet often refuses food. The consequences are possible and worse. If treatment is not started on time, then rheumatism will become chronic and will worsen several times a year. In the same way as in people, pain aggravates when changing weather conditions and increasing air humidity, especially often attacks occur in spring and autumn. The pain can be so great that the dog will not allow itself to touch and becomes aggressive.

Veterinarians diagnose rheumatism with aspirin. If they suspect this disease, they give the dog aspirin. In the case when the dog’s pain passes within a few hours, then the exact diagnosis is rheumatism. It is important to show the animal to an experienced veterinarian, as it is possible to confuse rheumatism with disc spondylitis. And this is a much more complicated disease and is treated completely differently.

Domestic dogs are more prone to rheumatism than yard dogs. They grew up in the street, in cold and slush, so the body has developed a certain immunity to colds. But domestic dogs, and in particular apartment dogs, are not at all protected from rheumatism. Any draft for them is already just a tragedy.

Small decorative breeds of dogs are most prone to this disease. But even if a pocket little doggie lives in your home, you should not immediately invent diseases or believe that this will happen. In no case! With proper and high-quality care, your pet may never encounter rheumatism in his life.

Treatments for rheumatism

In order to cure a little puppy, you should immediately contact a veterinary clinic as soon as you see the first symptoms. The treatment of rheumatism in older dogs is much more complicated. If the animal is older than five years, then it is almost impossible to achieve full recovery. Seasonal therapy and constant pet control are also important. You need to understand that the older the dog, the more pain he has. To treat the disease, a course of medications is prescribed to relieve swelling, pain and inflammation.

If necessary, the veterinarian can prescribe drugs with a narrower spectrum of action. If you are treating yourself, then you should not give a full dose of pain medication. The animal must feel some kind of pain, otherwise when the symptom passes, the dog forgets about it and plays a lot, it will harm itself.

The course of treatment is mainly seven days. In addition to the main drugs, antibiotics, vitamins and nutritional supplements, medicines are also used to stimulate blood flow. The animal should be under the constant supervision of a specialist, especially if it is an individual older than five years. At this age, the pain is very severe and it is not known what the consequences may be.

In order to exclude the possibility of getting rheumatism as much as possible, you should avoid swimming in open water in the off-season, and at home after bathing, blow dry. It is forbidden to go outside with wet coat in the cold season. In winter, it is recommended to wear special warm clothing, regardless of breed.

It is important to monitor the weight of the dog and avoid its excess, as it affects the functioning of the joints. If the disease has grown into a chronic form, then the muscles and joints need to be constantly rubbed and wrapped in heat. During treatment, it is necessary to give vitamins of group B. The main prevention is the exclusion of hypothermia.

How to help a dog at home

To provide first aid to your pet, you need to give an anti-inflammatory agent before coming to the hospital. But by no means a full dose. The mobility of the dog must be limited, possibly even planted in a cage. If the dog is allergic to certain medications, then this should be reported to the veterinarian. And the course of treatment will be carried out with the help of homeopathy. During an exacerbation of an ailment, homeopathic remedies are taken every day, and once a week for prevention.

Rheumatism in itself does not threaten the dog’s life at all. But with poor care of the dog and its quality of life, the consequences can be very serious. One of the most common complications is arthritis, glomerulonephritis, rheumatic heart disease, lesions of the central nervous system, polyarthritis, thrombosis. If at least some disease appears in the pet, then his affairs become very bad. There is a possibility of disability and even death.

The main preventive measures are aimed at two solutions to the situation:

  • rheumatism prevention
  • prevention of relapse.

In the first case, the necessary "smart" care. It is impossible for a dog to bathe in open water during the off-season. And if it already happened, then you need to dry all the wool with a towel. If the dog bathes in the bathroom at home regularly, it is important to take care of walking in advance and not to lead the dog wet outside.

For dogs, especially for large breeds, it is important to monitor nutrition and prevent obesity. Food should be balanced and contain the right amount of carbohydrates, fats and vitamins. To do this, developed special dry feed for each breed separately. If your dog eats ordinary natural food, then he needs bio-supplements.

To prevent recurrence of rheumatism, you can apply all the same methods as in the first case. It is also additional that in case of a cold, immediately carry out antirheumatic therapy in advance. For this, there are quality drugs called chondroprotectors.

And in conclusion, we can say that any ailment can be defeated if you are together and if you are truly a team. When there is support for all family members, regardless of whether you are a person, a cat or a dog. Careful attitude to each other forms the same concepts in children. The better we treat our pets, the less they will be on the streets wet, colds and hungry.

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During the off-season, our pets are especially vulnerable to diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Moreover, rheumatism all ages are "submissive" - ​​both old and young. Age of sick animals - from 6 months to old age, that is, from the moment of maturation of the immune system and up to ∞. It’s completely optional that, appearing in a young dogs , rheumatism acquires a relapsing course - after the adaptation of the immune system in the future, the symptoms, as a rule, do not resume. In contrast, in middle-aged and older animals, the disease usually acquires a chronic character with periodic exacerbations in cold and humid weather. However, from an attack rheumatismdogs not insured in the summer, for example, when bathing in too cold water in hot weather due to a sharp temperature drop.
Clinically, a rheumatic attack, as practitioners poetically call it, manifests itself in the form of intermittent claudication, soreness of certain muscle groups, weakness or stiffness of the pelvic limbs up to paresis and inability to move. According to the owners, the animal "doesn’t want to move, often stops for a walk, doesn’t jump on the couch, doesn’t walk up stairs, limps, squeals with an awkward movement or touch, does not wag its tail, hardly gets up, limps on one or different limbs, trembles "etc. appetite is usually maintained or slightly reduced. Symptoms are manifested in various combinations and with varying degrees of severity. Rheumatism often proceeds with acute pain, vocalization (squealing), anxiety. Dog cannot find a place for himself, tries to get away from pain and moves from place to place, moving very carefully, assumes an involuntary posture, is "hunched over".
In most cases, rheumatic diseases are recorded in cold, wet weather during the off-season (spring, autumn). The main triggering factor is a sharp change in weather, affecting the health of weather-sensitive dogs and wet coat. This is especially true for long-haired dogs - washed after a walk, they sometimes do not even have time to dry out until the next exit onto the street.
The group of breeds most susceptible to rheumatic diseases includes Pekingese, poodle, American Staffordshire Terrier, Chow Chow.
The main infectious agent detected with rheumatism - beta-hemolytic streptococcus, but the disease can not be called truly infectious - they can not be infected. The problem is the similarity of the antigenic composition of streptococcus, joint tissues and kidneys - the immune system reacts equally aggressively to bacteria and the body’s own tissues. In the absence of adequate treatment, the formation of immune complexes in the joints and kidneys can lead to the formation of erosive arthritis and chronic glomerulonephritis. In this regard, rheumatic diseases are not far from the autoimmune process and are sensitive to immunosuppressive therapy.
The variety of clinical symptoms depends on the predominant lesion of the muscles, spine, nerve tissue or joints.
"Muscular" rheumatism characterized by flying pain with intermittent claudication. The disease can be of a recurring nature - that is, symptoms appear and disappear within a few days, then they self-mate or modify into a more pronounced form of the disease with constant discomfort during movement and lameness. In some cases, a rheumatic attack occurs in the form of an acute attack with severe soreness, trembling - dog Prevents touching certain areas of the body. After applying specific therapy, the condition quickly improves, literally within a few hours. Unreleased cases of rheumatic myositis are characterized by episodic lameness and "flying" pain - periodically dog just "forgets" about a sick limb or begins to limp on the opposite. In the good old days, an additional diagnostic test for rheumatism intake of aspirin was considered - symptoms quickly stopped. In our century of scientific and technological research, we can also be guided by the reaction to corticosteroids - in an hour or two dog frolics, as if nothing had happened. The course of treatment for muscle rheumatism usually 3-5 days.
Immuno-conditioned arthritis is usually prone to a progressive course and is erosive. Both mono-and polyarthritis are recorded. Inflammation affects the synovial membrane and connective tissue and proceeds in various forms with degenerative changes in the cartilage, ligaments and bones, because along with autoantibodies to the body’s own Ig G (rheumatoid factor), autoantibodies to collagen and cartilage tissue are also formed. An X-ray examination in case of rheumatoid arthritis shows periarticular edema, soft tissue infiltration, hypertrophic exostoses and sclerosis of the subchondral bone, ankylosis, dislocation or subluxation. With non-erosive arthritis, considered the precursor of rheumatoid arthritis, radiological changes, if recognized at all, are only in the soft tissues.
Neurological symptoms may be due to inflammation or infringement of the roots of the spinal cord or concomitant diseases of the spinal cord and peripheral nerves.
So, tension of the hind limbs (“stilted gait”), pain in the caudal (hind) part of the chest or the entire body and limbs, impaired tail mobility, bedding, general apathy, decreased appetite, and an increase in body temperature can be recorded with disk spondylitis. Discospondylitis is an acute or chronic infection of the intervertebral discs, epiphyses of the vertebrae and neighboring areas of the vertebral bodies, which can spread to the muscles of the lumbar region. The disease is often accompanied by purulent cystitis. Bacteriological examination usually reveals Staphylococcus staphylococcus intermedius, Brucella canis brucella, Streptococcus spp. Streptococcus, Escherichia coli Escherichia coli. Discospondylitis requires prolonged antibiotic therapy, often recurs.
The tense abdominal wall (“hard stomach”) usually reflects “radicular syndrome” or radiculopathy. Often observed in Pekingese, poodles. Since stool retention and forced posture may occur due to soreness, hosts usually suggest constipation. Symptoms quickly resolve after a short course of corticosteroids and painkillers.
First aid measures are the use of painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs (PentalginN, Baralgin, Spazgan, Analgin, Piroxicam, Rimadil, etc.). The next step must necessarily be a visit to the doctor, because a similar clinical picture can be recorded in other diseases requiring immediate medical attention (discopathy, plague, disc spondylitis, trauma, myelitis, etc.). Be extremely careful with the use of analgesics - dog ceases to protect the damaged area and in case of injury or discopathy can cause irreparable harm to the spine. With radicular syndrome or signs of spinal cord injury, mobility should be limited as much as possible. dogs up to placement in a tight cage, until damage to the spine is ruled out.
An uncomplicated rheumatic attack quickly stops after the use of anti-inflammatory drugs (steroid (prednisone, dexamethasone) or non-steroidal NSAIDs (ketophen, piroxicam, pentalgin N, baralgin, analgin with diphenhydramine). But for a stable effect, course treatment is needed for 3-5 days using broad-spectrum antibiotics and B vitamins. For long-term therapy, preference should be given to more modern “mild” NSAIDs (rimadil, tolfedin) with minimal ulcerogenic effect (all NSAIDs in one or to a different degree can contribute to the formation of stomach ulcers). Steroid preparations with prolonged and uncontrolled use disrupt the regeneration of articular cartilage and contribute to the destruction of articular surfaces.
To optimize the metabolic processes in the joints with rheumatoid arthritis, the use of chondroprotectors (chondrolone, glucohextron, gelabone, stride, artorokan, glucosamine, etc.) is recommended.
Arthritis and discospondylitis require a longer and more intensive antibiotic therapy (cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, sinulox) - from 4 weeks or longer.
Among the vitamins, milgamma, neuromultivitis, vitamins B1 and B12, and nicotinic acid are used.
If there are contraindications to the use of traditional therapy, you can turn to homeopathy (traumeel, target, discus compositum). In acute cases, drugs are used daily, in chronic cases, two to three times a week. Traumeel as an anesthetic at the time of exacerbation can be taken every ½-1 hour until improvement. Most often, homeopathic therapy is used for chronic sluggish arthritis.
In case of impaired motor ability or sensitivity of the extremities, vascular agents (dibazole, trental) are included in the course of treatment. The advantage of trental (pentoxifylline) is its disaggregation properties, as a result of which the blood microcirculation in the vessels of the extremities improves. And dibazole has a stimulating effect on the functions of the spinal cord.
Preventive measures for rheumatism are to prevent hypothermia dogs . In wet weather it’s better to drive a dog for a walk in overalls, so that after a walk you limit yourself to washing your paws. Wet hair is best dried immediately with a hairdryer.

What signs can indicate rheumatism?

Lameness. The animal begins to limp on one, then on the other limb

Separate muscle groups may hurt (the animal squeals with an uncomfortable movement, or when touched, does not wag its tail)

  • Poor mobility of the pelvic limbs
  • Difficulties with movement (the dog hardly rises from a lying position, refuses to go up the stairs, does not jump onto the bed, assumes an unnatural pose, is hunched)
  • Fever (not always)
  • Anxiety (a dog cannot find a place for itself, moves from one point to another, as if trying to run away from pain, whining mournfully)
  • Decreased appetite
  • Chair holding
  • Swelling and redness of the joints
  • Symptoms may appear and disappear within a few days. Then they can disappear completely, or go into a more severe form. There are also acute attacks with severe pain when the dog does not allow him to touch himself.

    After the start of treatment, the use of prescribed medications, the condition of the animal improves within two to three hours.

    A good way to determine rheumatism is to give the dog aspirin. After taking it, the disease ceases to make itself felt. Also, with a positive reaction to corticosteroids (a group of anti-inflammatory drugs), it can be concluded that it was rheumatoid pain that bothered the animal. But let me remind you again, symptoms may not appear all at the same time.

    It is also necessary to say about the so-called "weekend" of the dog. Sometimes an animal can feel bad for no apparent reason. Therefore, if your pet does not get up from the litter all day, this does not mean that he is sick, do not panic and do not rush to make a diagnosis.

    If, nevertheless, the disease is present, then resorting to home methods of reducing the pain syndrome, still consult a veterinarian. He will determine the type of rheumatism and will be able to prescribe a truly adequate treatment.

    Rheumatism is a disease whose development can be stopped with the help of modern medicines. But it is better to pay attention to timely prevention, then your pet will remain healthy and will fun to wag its tail.

    Joint pain in dogs occurs more often than we would like. In most cases, the reason for this is the aging process and the "wear" of the body as a whole and cartilage tissue in particular. This, in turn, causes the emergence of various diseases of the joints, which are known to be very difficult to treat.

    However, owners should not despair, because under the supervision of a specialist, most joint diseases respond to at least symptomatic treatment that will allow your pet to live a long and calm life.

    In order for everything to turn out in this way, the owner needs to do only one thing - to carefully monitor your pet. If the animal began to limp slightly, move a little, it became clear that the dog has joint pain, you should immediately contact a veterinarian. Timely detection of the problem and timely treatment started significantly increase the chances of the pet recovering.

    Forecast

    Although arthritis is a progressive and irreversible diagnosis, therapeutic and surgical treatments often help sick dogs maintain a good quality of life. In cases of neglect of the disease or attempts to self-medicate, the situation is much more complicated, up to complete immobilization of the joint along with severe pain.

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    If you liked this article and have a couple of minutes of free time - please go to this page, it is within our site. Thank you very much in advance!

    megan92 2 weeks ago

    Tell me, who is struggling with joint pain? My knees hurt terribly ((I drink painkillers, but I understand that I am struggling with the investigation, not the cause. Nifiga doesn’t help!

    Daria 2 weeks ago

    I struggled with my sore joints for several years until I read this article, by some Chinese doctor. And I have long forgotten about the "incurable" joints. Such things

    megan92 13 days ago

    Daria 12 days ago

    megan92, so I wrote in my first comment) Well, I’ll duplicate it, it’s not difficult for me, catch - a link to the professor’s article.

    Sonya 10 days ago

    Isn't that a divorce? Why do they sell on the Internet?

    yulek26 10 days ago

    Sonya, what country do you live in. They sell it on the Internet, because shops and pharmacies put their mark-up atrocious. In addition, payment only after receipt, that is, first looked, checked and only then paid. Yes, and now they sell everything on the Internet - from clothes to televisions, furniture and cars

    Editorial Response 10 days ago

    Sonya, hello. This drug for the treatment of joints is really not sold through the pharmacy network in order to avoid overpriced. To date, you can order only on the Official website. Be healthy!

    Sonya 10 days ago

    Sorry, I did not notice at first the information about cash on delivery. Then, it's OK! Everything is in order - exactly if payment is received. Thank you very much!!))

    Margo 8 days ago

    Has anyone tried traditional methods of treating joints? Grandmother doesn’t trust pills, the poor one has been suffering from pain for many years.

    Andrey a week ago

    What folk remedies I have not tried, nothing helped, it only got worse.

    Catherine a week ago

    I tried to drink a decoction of bay leaf, no use, only the stomach ruined myself !! I do not believe in these folk methods anymore - complete nonsense !!

    Maria 5 days ago

    Recently I watched a program on the first channel, they also talked about this federal program to combat joint diseases. She is still headed by some famous Chinese professor. They say that they found a way to permanently cure the joints and back, and the state fully finances the treatment for each patient

    Elena (rheumatologist) 6 days ago

    Yes, indeed, a program is currently underway in which every resident of the Russian Federation and the CIS will be able to completely cure diseased joints. And yes - Professor Pak personally oversees the program.

    Dogs, oddly enough, often suffer from the same diseases as humans. However, “human” diseases do not have the same symptoms in animals, and they need to be treated in a completely different way. One of these diseases is rheumatism, which occurs in animals almost as well as in humans, the only difference is if people suffer from rheumatism only in old age, and dogs can get sick from six months.

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