About animals

List of active substances in the letter C


Cantedesia - Indoor Plants
Tsap - Vegetables
Zval - Plants for ponds
Colored Grass - Vegetables
Flamingo Flower - Indoor Plants
Ceylon Spinach - Creepers
Healer - Ornamental trees and shrubs
Tselogina - Indoor plants
Tselogina Massange - Indoor plants
Celogina comb - Indoor plants
Celogine Cristate - Indoor Plants
Celosia - Grass Plants for Open Field
Silver combed celosia - Herb plants for open ground
Cirrus silvery cirrus - Herb plants for open ground
Cereus - Indoor Plants
Cereus peruvian 'Monstrose' - Indoor plants
Ceropegia - Indoor Plants
Ceropegia Wood - Indoor Plants
Ceropegia Wood - Indoor Plants
Cercidifillum - Ornamental Trees and Shrubs
Cercidiphyllum Japanese - Ornamental Trees and Shrubs
Cephalocereus - Indoor Plants
Cephalocereus Senilis - Indoor Plants
Cephalocereus senile - Indoor plants
Cyanotis - Indoor plants
Sianomian Cyanotis - Indoor Plants
Cicas bent - Indoor plants
Cicas Drooping - Indoor Plants
Cyclamen - Indoor Plants
Cyclamen - Grass Plants for Open Field
European Cyclamen - Indoor Plants
Cyclamen skew - Herbs for open ground
Cyclamen Blushing - Indoor Plants
Neapolitan Cyclamen - Outdoor Grassy Plants
Persian Cyclamen - Indoor Plants
Cyclamen Magenta - Indoor Plants
Cyclanter - Vegetables
Cicuta - Plants for ponds
Cymbidium - Indoor Plants
Cymbidium hybrid - Indoor plants
Twisty Zimbopogon - Vegetables
Tsimitsifuga - Grass plants for open ground
Tsimitsifuga daurskaya - Grassy plants for open ground
Cysimifuga racemata - Herb plants for open ground
Tsimitsifuga simple - Herb plants for open ground
Tsimitsifuga hearty - Herb plants for open ground
Cineraria - Herb plants for open ground
Marine Cineraria - Herb plants for open ground
Zinnia - Grass Plants for Open Field
Zinnia Haage - Grass Plants for Open Field
Graceful Zinnia - Grass Plants for Open Field
Mexican Zinnia - Grass Plants for Open Field
Zinnia narrowleaf - Grassy plants for open ground
Tsinoglossum - Grassy plants for open ground
Pleasant Tsinoglossum - Herb plants for open ground
Tsinoksilon Kuza - Ornamental trees and shrubs
Cyperus - Indoor Plants
Tsiperus - Plants for ponds
Cyperus Plifolia - Indoor Plants
Cyperus perennifolia - Plants for ponds
Cirtanthus tall - Indoor plants
Tsirtomium - Indoor plants
Zirtomium - Herb plants for open ground
Cirtomium Fortuna - Grass Plants for Open Field
Cirthium sickle - Indoor plants
Cissus - Indoor Plants
Cissus Antarctic - Indoor Plants
Cissus multicolored - Indoor plants
Cissus rhombic - Indoor plants
Citrofortunella - Indoor Plants
Tender Citrus - Indoor Plants
Citrus Fruits - Indoor Plants
Tsmin - Herb plants for open ground
Petroleum Jasmine - Grassy plants for open ground

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Names and photos: Letter C

Zinnias are widely used to create bright flower beds, mixborders, flower arrays in stalls against a lawn. Medium and undersized varieties are often used in container culture. They are grown in flower pots, in drawers on balconies and window sills. Zinnias are great in cut, so they are the desired components of summer bouquets.

This original plant, somewhat reminiscent of a Vietnamese palm hat or a geisha umbrella, will decorate the interior of your home with multi-level spreading greens. If a cat lives in your house, he will also be very happy with this flower.

At home - in tropical rainforests - cissus grows very quickly, releasing antennae and clinging to the trunks and branches of neighboring plants: in just a year - 1 m in height and 20 cm in width. In indoor conditions, the growth of cissus, of course, is not so active, moreover, they are used for indoor cultivation.

Representative of the family primrose, perennial herb with dark green heart-shaped leaves. Blooming cyclamens are unusually beautiful and attract attention. Cyclamen can be called a demanding plant, but with proper care, these beautiful plants will delight you with their flowers all fall and winter.

We begin the process of growing cineraria by sowing seeds in March or April. Because the plant grows slowly.

My acquaintance with cineraria happened by chance. I saw with my friend a small but beautiful bush of bright blue daisies that her husband gave her on March 8th.

"String of pearls" - such a romantic name was given to the godfather Rowley. And not in vain! This is an ampelous plant with thin shoots and round beads - the leaves really look like beads.

Orchid family

In this epiphytic orchid, flowers are more often than tender greenish, cream and yellow tones with purple spots and a relatively long curved tube. But there are species with a pure white, sparkling flower and an amazing aroma.
Coelogins need warmth constantly. The minimum night temperature during the growth period should not be lower than 15 ° С. There are species that do not have a pronounced period of dormancy - this is Massanga coelogin, the beautiful coleogin, the pandora-like colegin. Other species - combed colegin, bearded colegin - have a short winter dormancy, when the temperature can be reduced to 7-10 ° С. (This is easily achieved by fencing the window with the plant from the warm air of the room with a polyethylene screen or just with a thick curtain.) Reduce watering during the rest period.
Compared to other orchids, coelogins are more demanding on nutrients. Therefore, in the mixture for epiphytic orchids, you can add a little dried cow manure or increase the proportion of overripe leaves. Do not forget to feed the plants on time.
When transplanting, coelogins can be divided so that on each divide there are 3-4 pseudobulbs and well-developed roots.

Amaranth family

Plants differ in the nature of inflorescences: in C. plumosa they look like fluffy brushes, in C. cristata they look like velvety cocks. Celosia is sometimes sold as an open-ground flower garden, however, it can bloom indoors for weeks. She needs sunlight and regular top dressing. The flowering period will last longer if celosia is kept in a cool, well-ventilated area. Usually the plant reaches 50-70 cm in height. Celosia can be grown from seeds, but it is safer to buy a greenhouse plant.

Types of indoor plants

C. plumosa blooms with red or yellow flowers in summer, there are dwarf varieties - Golden Plume and Kewpie. In C. comb (C. cris-tata), a flattened inflorescence.

  • Temperature: Moderate, 10-15 ° C.
  • Lighting: Photophilous, it is necessary to shade from the hot sun.
  • Watering: Abundant.
  • Air humidity: It is useful to spray leaves from time to time.
  • Transfer: The plant is thrown away.
  • Reproduction: Seeds in the spring at a temperature of 15-18 ° C.

The Gusset family

Of the variety of ceropegia (and there are more than 150 species), Wood's ceropegia is most common. This species is appreciated for its unpretentiousness, good breeding rate and unusual appearance. Wood's ceropegy flowers are sitting on long pedicels in the sinus leaves. The corolla tube is inflated at the base and slightly curved so that it resembles an uneven jug or vase in shape. The natural pink background of the tube petals look very unusual: dark brown, densely pubescent, they touch with the tips, forming an arch above the entrance to the flower. This spectacle is so unusual that ceropegia is sometimes called the "Martian."
With good care, the ceropegia blooms profusely all year round, but if your conditions are not entirely suitable for it, you should not be upset.
Ceropegia prefer bright diffused light, do not like spraying and stagnant air. Try to ventilate the room more often. The only requirement for soils is a light, crumbly structure. They grow well in a mixture of sheet land with sand (2: 1) or sheet, turf soil and sand (2: 2: 1).
You can try ceropegia as a "living curtain" for the east or west window. They are suitable for decorating the interior at some distance from the south window. In winter, ceropegia prefers cool or moderate heat.
Due to the rapid growth, Wood's ceropegia is aging rapidly. It is useful to rejuvenate every 3-4 years. Ceropegia treats fertilizers coolly; it is better to transplant it regularly in fresh soil every 2 years.

Family Commeline

The name "cyanotis" captures the deep blue color of the petals of this desert plant ("cyanus" - in Greek means "blue"). Cyanotis is a close cousin of the tradescantia, but differs from it by petals fused into a single tube. It remains only to complain that in room conditions the cyanotis blooms very irregularly. However, even non-blooming cyanotis is very attractive. The leaves shining from above are densely dotted with long hard bristles, giving the impression that the plant is wrapped in a fur coat made of hard fur. The leaves are collected in squat rosettes, similar to a star. With good care, cyanotis forms dense thickets, filling the entire surface of the pot. The lateral shoots are distantly similar to the tradescantia, which first grow horizontally, and then take root and give new sockets.
Cyanotis needs a lot of bright diffused light and little moisture. Watering should be moderate, best of all in a pan, allowing the soil to dry well. In summer, water once every 3-5 days, in the autumn and spring months - once every 7-10 days, and in winter you can limit yourself to two waterings per month. Cyanotis responds well to winter cool.
To soils, like all comelins, cyanotis is undemanding. Mix peat, leaf soil and chopped sphagnum in equal proportions, neutralize the acidity of the substrate with wood ash (1 tablespoon per 1 cup of the mixture). Cyanotis grows well in wide, but shallow dishes. Fill the pot, leaving approximately 1/3 of the height free. As the growth sprinkles the base of the shoots with soil, in this case you will not need to rejuvenate cyanotis too often.
Propagated by cyanotis by cuttings. The secret to success is not to disrupt the natural direction of growth. Horizontal lateral shoots are best rooted if they are placed in a substrate parallel to the surface, but not sprinkled with a growth point. Only a slightly damp substrate is needed for rooting. In no case do not fill the cuttings and do not use plastic bags to increase humidity - under these conditions, cyanotis easily rots.
In rooms, cyanotis suffers from a lack of light: leaves become brighter, the tops are very elongated, plants tend to the window. The lack of light can be compensated for by dryness and coolness, which inhibit growth. In summer, cyanotis can be taken out onto the balcony, shading it from the bright midday sun.

Primrose family

Cyclamen is one of the most popular potted plants blooming in winter. It is truly charming: compact, with beautiful flowers on long peduncles, with decorative foliage in silver-green patterns. Flowers with petals of bright or pastel colors bent backward, large and striking, or small and fragrant. Unfortunately, most cyclamen are thrown away after a few weeks, although they can bloom from year to year for several months in a row. First of all, try to buy a plant in the fall, and not in the middle of winter, choose one with a lot of unopened buds. Place it in a suitable place - the north window is ideal for this. Cyclamen loves coolness and does not tolerate direct sun. He will not live long in a warm room.

Secrets to Flower Care Success

  • Temperature: Moderate - about 12-15 ° C.
  • Lighting: Bright diffused light.
  • Watering: Abundant, it is advisable to use the immersion method and soft water.
  • Air humidity: The pot is placed on a pebble tray or in moist peat. From time to time it is useful to spray the air around the plant.
  • Care after flowering: Watering is reduced and ceased to feed. The pot is laid on its side in a cool place and is not watered until mid-summer. Then transplanted into fresh soil, deepening the tuber at half height. They are placed in a cool, well-lit place and watered abundantly.
  • Reproduction: Seeds in late summer at a temperature of 15-20 ° C. Most varieties bloom in 15-18 months, miniature forms in 6-8 months.
  • Yellowing leaves, flowers are strong and healthy
    Reason: The usual reason is warm, dry air, cyclamen does not tolerate temperatures above 17 ° C. Other possible causes are inadequate watering and direct sunlight.
  • The death of plants, peduncles and petioles are soft and rot
    Reason: Waterlogged soil, especially when watering from above. Never pour water on top of a tuber.
  • Short flowering period
    Reason: There are many possible reasons, the most probable are too high a temperature, improper watering and dry air. Feed regularly during the growth period and during flowering.
  • Warped, small leaves
    Reason: Cyclamen mite.

The Norichen family

Since cymbidiums do not need a rest period, they are easy to keep in an unheated room in the winter, they are easy to care for. Their only drawback is the large size of most species, which creates difficulties for their maintenance in apartments. The flowers last for a long time and exude a delicate aroma. In length, the leaves reach 1 m. Pseudobulbs are located quite closely, therefore, when transplanting and dividing the bush, special care must be taken.
Cymbidiums belong to light-loving orchids: you need to shade them only if you keep them in a greenhouse and the direct rays of the midday sun fall on it. Resistance to temperature changes is high: from 32 ° C to 5 ° C at night. In summer, unlike other orchids, they can be taken out to fresh air, and in the autumn months, even watered with cold water. Thus, cymbidiums are so hardy that they can grow even among beginner lovers of indoor flowers.
Watered evenly, but during flowering, watering is reduced. Transplant the plant every 3-4 years, preferably immediately after flowering.

Cineraria (Bloody godson)

Family Asteraceae

Adult cineraria (the correct name is bloody godson) is always a good gift. Many daisy-like inflorescences-baskets (usually called wrong flowers) of a wide variety of colors - white, lilac, purple, pink, red - rise above the soft heart-shaped leaves. Very spectacular plants with large inflorescences of the Grandiflora line, reaching 45 cm in height. The highest of the cineraria - forms like Stellata - reach 70 cm or more in height, blooming with small star-shaped "flowers". At the opposite end of the scale there are low, compact, abundantly blooming bright “flowers” ​​of Nana type cineraria. Buy a plant that has a lot of unblown buds and only a few blooming inflorescences. The flowering period lasts 4-6 weeks. Unfortunately, cineraria can die in a week or two after purchase, if you keep it in a too warm room or water it incorrectly.

Particular difficulties in caring for the plant

  • Yellowing, fading leaves
    Reason: The likely cause is cold drafts, although leaf wilting is the first sign of insufficient watering. A plant can recover if it is watered and transferred to a place protected from drafts, but the flowering period will inevitably be reduced.
  • Short flowering period
    Reason: The temperature is too high. At temperatures above 15 ° C the plant cannot live for a long time. Excess sunlight and lack of moisture can also shorten the flowering period.
  • Sudden death of a plant
    Reason: Waterlogged soil due to frequent watering or poor drainage.
Cyperus (full)

The sedge family

In Britain, cyperus is called an "umbrella plant." Grassy leaves of different widths - from very narrow, hairy, to quite wide, diverge at the ends of stiff stems like the spokes of an open umbrella. When caring for this plant, only one immutable rule should be observed: the roots should always be moist. The pot is placed on a deep tray or in a pot with water. Ciperus is grown for the sake of the general appearance, rather than because of the beautiful leaves. Small, initially greenish, and then brown spikelets of special decorative value are not. Tsiperus is good to use in compositions with other plants or planted in a “bottle garden”, for which dwarf varieties are selected. Cyperus is easy to grow and breed, it is rarely affected by pests. Yellowing stems should be cut to stimulate growth.

Fern family

In the mild subtropical and tropical climate in the coastal strip, sickle-shaped cirthomium grows, which is widely cultivated in European countries under indoor conditions. In Russia, it is still rare, but this highly decorative plant is quite resistant to dry air and winter coolness, so we can recommend growing it more widely.
The vias of the zirtomyum are bluish-gray, brown rounded clusters of spores are visible from below, covered with transparent bracts. Leaves are leathery, hard. They are drawn and sickle-curved at the apex, for which the view has received the epithet “sickle-shaped”. In the most decorative forms, the edges of the leaves are jagged, with short bristles. Leaflets sit on a common petiole and form a feathery wai structure. Petiole black-brown, attached to the creeping rhizome. The rhizome is also unusual: it is densely covered with wide light brown scales.
Leaf soil, peat, pine bark and sphagnum (2: 1: 1: 1) are added to the soil mixture for cirtomyum. You can further lighten it with one piece of sand.
Care consists of regular watering, more plentiful in the summer. If the temperature is below 18 ° C, slight drying of the earthen coma is acceptable. Since in nature zirtomyum grows on slopes, he does not like stagnant moisture, so do not leave water in the pan for a long time. During the growth period, give mineral fertilizers (1 time per month). They can be replaced with organic extracts of the Rainbow, Ideal and other types. Like most ferns, the cirtomium likes diffused light, grows well on the northern, eastern and western windows.
The cytomium is propagated by dividing the rhizome, but only if it has several growth points. Cut the lateral rhizome link at the branch and plant in a separate flowerpot. Propagation by spores is possible, but difficult.
In winter, with an excess of heat, cirthium can be affected by scale insects and worms.

Grape Family

Cissus is an evergreen grassy vine clinging to a support. The name received from the Greek word "kissos", which means "ivy". About 350 species are distributed in nature, which grow in the tropics and less often in the subtropics.
Two types are most popular in indoor floriculture: Antarctic cissus and rhomboid cissus. Both species are creepers clinging to a support with the help of antennae. Antarctic cissus has large, up to 10-12 cm long, 6-8 cm wide, oval-elongated with a heart-shaped base, dark green leaves. The edges of the leaf blade are serrated. In cissus rhomboid leaves are ternary, rhomboid. In both species, a spiral twisted antennae grows, which depart from the shoot opposite the places of attachment of the leaves. By this feature, in the arrangement of the antennae, one can easily identify all plants from the Vinogradov family.
Negatively react to a sharp temperature drop and low humidity. In the spring-summer period, it should be abundantly watered and sprayed with water, avoiding either stagnation of water in the pan, or dry earthen coma.
Every 10 days they are fed with liquid organic or mineral fertilizers rich in nitrogen-containing substances. If brown spots begin to appear on the leaves at the edges, it means that the plant lacks nitrogen. In summer, it can be taken out to the balcony, protecting from direct sunlight.
In winter, the optimum air temperature is 12-14 ° C. At the same time, watering is reduced, spraying and top dressing are stopped. But if you have a rather high air temperature in your home in winter, then spraying is continued, but a little less often than in summer.
In the spring, before the start of the growing season, it is advisable to prune and pinch the tops of the stems. This will give an impetus to greater branching, and the plant will become more bushy and attractive. The stems remaining after trimming can be used as cuttings for propagation. Cissus is easily rooted in water and in any loose, moist substrate.
Transplanted annually (spring) in a nutrient mixture consisting of equal parts of turf, leafy soil, humus, peat and sand.
Damaged by a scab and a spider mite.

Family Rutovye

It is very pleasant to have a lemon or orange tree at home, but if you want to get fruits, you should buy a tree specially adapted for fruiting in indoor conditions. Plants grown from seeds will be able to bear fruit only when they grow too large for an ordinary home, and the taste of the fruits of such plants will most likely disappoint you. Dwarfs sold as houseplants, by appearance - branching trees with shining foliage, are able to bear fruit at a young age. They usually bloom in summer, an orange tree can bloom with fragrant white flowers and bear small bitter fruits almost all year round. The care is simple: citrus fruits need only good drainage, the absence of drafts, the observance of the irrigation regime, abundant top dressing and a fairly low (but not too low) temperature in winter. In summer, they should be exposed to fresh air. Two tips: flowers should be pollinated with cotton swabs, and in case of yellowing of the leaves, which indicates a lack of magnesium, introduce the special MultiTonic fertilizer.