Tagetes tagetes, genus of herbs of the family. Asteraceae. Plants with a characteristic odor caused by essential oils, which are formed by glands located on the leaves of the wrapper and leaves. About 35 species, only in America. Several annual species - Mexican Tagetes erecta (T. erecta), Tagetes marigolds (T. tenuifolia) and Tagetes rejected (T. patula) - are widely used in floriculture and bloom profusely until late autumn. In their homeland, many species of marigold are used as medicines and ritual plants.
Tagetes Tagetes- Beautiful flowering potted plant.
Natural climatic conditions: climate of temperate latitudes and subtropics.
Marigolds (tagetes) are known to us primarily as garden flowers, however, renewing them annually can be successfully grown in rooms. As indoor plants, however, they usually do not sell them, but they can always be grown from seeds without much difficulty. Marigolds feel very good on open balconies.
Tagetes genus - Marigolds combines herbaceous plants with bare ribbed stems, leaves (in all cultivated species) are dissected up to the main vein, serrate to the edges of segments, an inflorescence is a basket that can be one or two-color (in the latter case, reed flowers will differ in color from tubular). They can be non-double (1-3 rows of reed flowers along the edge of the inflorescence), semi-double (up to 50% of reed flowers) and double (more than 50% of reed flowers or long tubular). Among the Tagetes, special classes of inflorescences are distinguished: tubular, transitional and reed, so named according to the types of flowers that determine decorativeness. The fruit is an achene.
All types of marigolds (tagetes) are unpretentious, easy to grow.
Optimum location. Southern windows are optimal, but can be grown on others.
Lighting requirements Marigolds are not too demanding on light. Although they prefer sunny places, they can also grow in partial shade.
Temperature requirements Marigolds are thermophilic plants, and since they are not grown in rooms all year round, they do not need to provide any special temperature conditions.
Soil They can grow on soils of different composition, but they prefer loamy soils. Ready-made universal primers can be used.
Watering Marigolds are drought-tolerant plants, but for abundant flowering in the first half of summer they need to provide sufficient humidity (water at least twice a week), later Watering is minimized (you must not allow only complete drying of the soil).
Spraying Spraying is not vital, but marigolds react to it positively, so it is advisable to carry out it at least periodically.
Top dressing Regular top dressing is desirable, in the first half of summer - with full mineral fertilizer, in the second half - only with phosphorus and potassium fertilizers. Care features. It is very important to ensure that the earth in the pot remains loose, and to prevent the appearance of crust on it.
Minimum requirements Watering are the same, Fertilizing - in case of symptoms of a lack of nutrients.
Marigolds are propagated by seeds. Difficulties in growing May be affected by aphids and other pests.
Tagetes rejected tagetes french
Tagetes patula L.
Marigolds rejected - An annual herbaceous plant 30 - 80 cm high, large inflorescences, yellow in all shades.
The main stem is erect, but its apex is lower than the tops of the lateral branches of the first order, which depart from it at an acute angle in the upper part and under the straight line in the lower part and, in turn, also branch into branches of the second, third and fourth orders. Leaves up to 14 cm long and up to 7 cm wide, dark green. Inflorescences can be one- and two-color, one-color can be either light yellow, or red-brown or orange, most varieties have a two-color color of the inflorescence, reed flowers may have spots or rims of a different color.
They belong to the botanical genus Tagetes, numbering about 50 species. Come from South America and South Africa.
They tolerate heat well, but do not withstand frost. In Europe, for a long time they were grown as garden ornamental plants.
They grow in Europe, Asia, America. To obtain the essential oil, the ground part is distilled with water vapor during the flowering period, the oil yield from 1 t is 5 kg.
The main components: Ocimen, Pinene, Sabinen, Tsimol, Citral, Linalool, Terpin.
Experimental and clinical data. Acute toxicity, according to RIFM, is an oral LD50 of 3.7 g / kg (rat) derm. LD50> 5 g / kg (rabbits). In the form of a 2% solution in petrolatum in 48 hours it does not cause irritation to human skin and sensitization reactions. No phototoxic effect
Application in official and traditional medicine
Essential oil is indicated for neurosis, cystitis, urethritis, urinary retention, and worms. Inside, they are taken for "night blindness", urolithiasis. The smell of marigolds in aroma lamps is recommended for neurosis, depression, insecurity and confusion.
Recipes for various diseases
Dosage: externally for the preparation of massage cream - 10 drops of oil per 20 ml of the base, baths - up to 10 drops, aroma lamp - 2 - 3 drops, inside - 1 - 3 drops of oil with honey. Contraindications: for eczema, pregnancy.
Tagetes erect (tagetes africa)
Marigolds are erect. Leaves up to 20 cm long and up to 13 cm wide, light green or green. Inflorescences of the tubular class are found only in this species. They are always monochrome, yellow or orange in color from the lightest (light yellow) to the darkest tone. The rooms are usually grown only undersized varieties.
Marigold thin-leaved (tagetes mexican)
Marigold thin-leaved. The branching of the stem is almost completely similar to that of the deflected tagetes, but the lateral branches, without exception, depart only at an acute angle, and the general shape of the bush is more compact. Leaves up to 8 cm long and up to 3 cm wide, light green, no double forms, inflorescences either one-color or two-tone (only yellow with orange).
Use for rockeries and flower beds
The difference between marigolds rejected and erect:
- Erect Marigolds - representatives of Central America with a direct stem and fibrous root system. The height of the bushes is 20-80 cm. Ornamental plants do not like too moist soils, suitable for landscaping city parks and squares. Resistant to gas contamination, heavy metals are well accumulated. In addition to decoration, flowers are used to produce red and yellow dyes.
- Marigolds rejected - Mexican guests brought to Europe by French refugees, who later received the name - French. They are resistant to disease, drought, pests. Bloom among the first among all species of this class. Not demanding on growing conditions. The side shoots of the flowers deviate in different directions, which gave them such a name. Bushes with a height of 15-60 cm, the diameter of the inflorescences is 5-13 cm. Bloom from June to the very frosts.
- The main differences. The stems of erect marigolds do not branch, but grow straight, at the end they are crowned with a large terry flower. On rejected varieties, a whole bouquet of small inflorescences of simple, double and semi-double flowers grows. Almost all varieties of rejected marigolds are bicolor, and erect monochromatic.
The most common types of marigolds, according to the author, are erect and rejected, which are suitable for decorating flower beds and borders:
Tagetes rejected - photo, name:
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|centrsadovoda.ru "src =" https://qlumba.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/fmg5d049a4fcfa071.jpg "alt =" table_pic_ "w />||Alumia|
|cvetnik54.ru "src =" https://qlumba.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/fmg5d049a507c5959.jpg "alt =" table_pic_ "w />||Bolero|
|i.pinimg.com "src =" / images / 70788 / barxattsi-otklonennie-opisanie-D09F82C.jpg "alt =" table_pic_ "w />||Mandarin|
|i5.otzovik.com "src =" https://qlumba.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/fmg5d049a53c9b858.jpeg "alt =" table_pic_ "w />||Queen Sofia|
Plant seedlings and seeds in the ground
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- the soil for plants should be neutral,
- peat and sand will help to improve the structure,
- complex fertilizers introduced during planting will provide nutrition for the entire vegetative period,
- the place for planting determines the height and width of the bush,
- higher, land in the center, low at the edges,
- with insufficient lighting, flowering is delayed, and the bushes stretch
- You can sow seeds directly in open ground or by sowing in boxes for seedlings,
- cultivation of marigolds through seedlings accelerates their flowering,
- They begin to sow seedlings in March or early April in boxes,
- after the emergence of seedlings and two real leaves, they pick, seated in separate containers,
- after warm weather is established, the grown seedlings are planted in the ground,
- when growing seedlings, it should be borne in mind that erect marigolds bloom 2 weeks later than deviated
- flowers are not demanding in care, but timely watering, top dressing and loosening provide plentiful flowering and brightness of colors,
- to stimulate the appearance of new buds, faded inflorescences should be constantly removed,
- as a prophylaxis against viral and fungal diseases, treat with biological products,
- do not use copper-based products so that the bushes do not lose their decorative effect,
- it is better to water each bush individually, so there will not be excess moisture in the flower garden
Diseases and Pests
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Ways of struggle:
- constantly loosen the soil,
- water regularly, but not plentifully,
- weed and remove weeds,
- you can’t feed with fresh manure,
- keep rotation
Ways of struggle:
- spray flowers with plain water,
- plant tansy and petunia next to it,
- spray with tobacco dust diluted in soapy water
Ways of struggle:
- to spread between the flowers a board, a dense cloth, potatoes, apples and manually collect the slugs gathered there,
- sprinkle flower bushes with dry mustard or wood ash
I really love marigold flowers, plant them every year. I like absolutely everything about them. Pleasant, incomparable smell, plentiful and long flowering.
I have been engaged in floriculture for a long time, but as for the Marigolds, Queen Sofia or any other variety, I constantly sow them directly into the ground, because they germinate well there and most importantly do not stretch.
Brief description of the species
Marigolds that have become familiar to us, which grow on almost every flowerbed, come from faraway Central America. Other famous names:
In the wild, flowering plants can be found on a vast area from the southwestern states of the USA to Argentina.
Marigolds are quite popular, resistant to weather conditions, unpretentious. However, not everyone likes their particular smell.
It is interesting! In the XVI century, these flowers were brought from America to Europe, from where they later spread over a significant territory. In 1753, the Swedish naturalist Karl Linnaeus assigned them to the Astrov family and appropriated the Latin name tagétes - in honor of the Tagrus Etruscan deity.
Marigolds are grassy, plentifully flowering plants that are cultivated as annuals. They form compact and sprawling bushes with branched stems, having a height of 15 to 120 cm. Simple or double flowers of all shades of yellow, orange and reddish-brown colors are formed on them.
Marigolds are a valuable, very easy-to-grow medicinal plant. Medicinal use has an inflorescence. The most valuable thing is fresh, right from the garden. During drying, the plant loses many medicinal qualities, the content of volatile production drops.
Planting and care - summary
Marigolds are most decorative in illuminated areas with drained soils. However, without intense sunlight, these plants can also do. They are unpretentious, do not represent difficulties in leaving and maintain irregular waterings.
Important! Marigolds do not tolerate frost and do not like excess moisture. Excessive soil moisture can lead to fungal root diseases and plant death.
Tagetes are propagated by seeds, which can maintain germination capacity up to 3-4 years. They are sown in open ground or use the method of growing seedlings to speed up flowering. Annuals grow rapidly and bloom 6–8 weeks after the appearance of the first sprouts.
It is interesting! Marigolds tolerate transplantation well. At the same time, they can be transplanted at any age and even in a flowering state.
When transplanting and sowing seeds, there is no need to fertilize the soil. This should be done after 2 weeks, when the plants take root and strengthen. It is better to fertilize the soil not with humus, but with complex top dressing.
Advice! In order for the bushes to be strong, and the inflorescences to be large, it is necessary to provide the plants with nutritious soil and feed them in the first half of summer.
Marigolds are suitable for all types of flower beds. The exception is the shores of reservoirs and shady gardens.Flowering continues from July until frosts. An incredible number of varieties can provide a variety of any landscape composition. Particularly popular among gardeners are low-growing large-flowered varieties.
Division into types and varieties
Marigolds have different shapes of flowers, which are simple, double and semi-double. At the same time, terry inflorescences according to their structure are divided into:
- clove-like (exclusively with reed petals of baskets),
- chrysanthemum-like (mainly with tubular petals),
- anemone (with reed petals along the edge of the flower and tubular in the middle).
Today, more than 50 species of marigolds are known. In Mexico, more than 40 species grow in the wild. Numerous hybrids and varieties of the following varieties are grown in decorative floriculture: thin-leaved, erect, and deviated marigolds.
This species of Tagetes erecta has another name - African marigolds. This is the tallest of all varieties: bushes reach 80-100 cm, inflorescences have a diameter of 5-15 cm.
Marigold upright is an annual plant from the Asteraceae family. The raised erect stem is highly branched, the leaves are opposite, characterized by an intense odor (odorless varieties can be found).
Varieties of erect marigolds bloom from July to late autumn. Flower baskets from yellow to intensely orange.
Marigolds of this species are divided into high and low (dwarf):
- High varieties of marigolds 60-80 cm high are suitable for cutting. Among them there are varieties with clove-type inflorescences (flowers slightly corrugated or compact, with curled edges), chrysanthemum-type inflorescences - consist exclusively of tubular flowers, very elongated.
- Dwarf varieties of marigolds reach 20-30 cm in height, have a dense bush, suitable for the design of flower beds, the borders of paths. Among them, we can distinguish varieties with inflorescences such as baskets, crowns (strongly elongated tubular flowers) and various varieties with inflorescences such as chrysanthemums (tubular flowers).
Chernobrivtsi are not demanding on the soil, like sunny positions, but grow well in partial shade. Flowers are durable.
Varieties of this type of marigold are used for decoration of flower beds, for cut flowers, for planting in pots, containers.
Flowers propagate by seeds sown in early April. Due to the sensitivity of varieties to spring frosts, plants on a permanent site are planted in the second half of May.
Marigolds of this species are also called Mexican tagetis. This is an annual plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. It grows in a natural environment in Mexico and the northern regions of South America.
Small compact bushes of this type have small leaves and grow up to 20–50 cm. Flowers are baskets with five petals up to 3 cm in size and have a single-color or two-color color. The leaves are small, narrow.
The plant blooms from July to October. Depending on the variety, the flowers can be from light yellow to dark orange. The view is characterized by a strong, unpleasant odor for many people.
Characteristics of marigold marigolds:
- undemanding, easy to grow,
- resistant to drought, cold temperatures,
- prefer sunny positions, but can grow in partial shade,
- optimal soils - fertile, permeable, moderately dry, but thin-leaved marigolds are quite tolerant of soil conditions.
It is better to sow the seeds of these varieties in early April. This type allows repeated transplantation several times. Directly before and during flowering should be fed with fertilizers with a low nitrogen content. Other basic care methods include weeding.
Thin-leaved marigolds are planted along the edges of sidewalks, paths. Due to the small requirements for water, the Chernobrivtsi plant in stony gardens, on dry soils. Marigolds are suitable for growing in containers, pots. They are willingly planted in cottages, in country gardens.
This species of Tagetes patula is also commonly called small-flowered or French marigolds. Bushes are highly branched, with deflected shoots. The plants reach a height of 30-80 cm, and the diameter of the baskets is 4-6 cm.
This is an annual plant from the Asteraceae family, originally from America. Leaves are characterized by intense aroma. Varieties of rejected marigold species bloom from July to late autumn. The flowers are lingual and two-tone: golden yellow with a purple spot at the base or dark brown with a yellow outline. Flower baskets are embedded separately on the stems. During cultivation, mainly low varieties (20-35 cm high) predominate.
Varieties of this type can be divided into groups:
- Varieties with individual flower baskets - the center of the inflorescence is occupied by tubular flowers, more or less developed.
- Varieties with full flower baskets. Among them are inflorescences such as crowns and cloves.
Marigolds of the rejected type are not exacting to the soil. They like sunny positions, grow well in partial shade. Extremely drought tolerant. Propagated by seeds sown in early April. Land on May 15th. Use as a design for flower beds, flower beds, balconies.
Chernobrivtsi varieties are sprawling, with strong stems up to 80-100 centimeters high. Spherical terry inflorescences have a diameter of 9-12 centimeters and petals are light cream in color with a transition to lemon. On one plant, up to 20-25 buds bloom.
A beautiful branchy annual with a height of 80-100 centimeters. Terry inflorescences reach a diameter of up to 15 centimeters. The flowers of the Marigold variety of "Yellow Stone" are painted in a bright golden yellow color and will become an adornment of any flowerbed.
These tagetis, which are white hybrids, are often called masterpieces of world selection. Their incredibly spectacular double flowers have a size of up to 12 cm. Plants are suitable not only for decorating the garden, but also for growing for cutting. The height of the bushes is about 70 cm.
This hybrid forms low (30-35 cm) compact bushes. Cream-white terry inflorescences have a diameter of 6 cm and look great against the background of dark green leaves. In extreme heat, plants need shading.
Low-growing dense bushes of this variety will fit into any garden ensemble without any problems. Due to the fact that the stems are highly branched, the bushes strewn with bright flowers have an almost spherical shape. Below are the thin-leaved varieties of marigolds with photos.
These annuals belong to dwarf varieties - bushes reach 20-25 cm. Small (up to 2.5 cm) inflorescences have a chrysanthemum shape and combine yellow and orange-brown tones in their palette.
This is a plentifully flowering variety with low sprawling bushes. Plants covered with small flowers of a golden hue look great in landscape compositions and are suitable for growing in containers.
Marigold upright (Tagetes erecta L)
Upright tagetes - an annual flower, a small bush, with a clearly visible central process. The stems are very branched, reach a height of 120 cm, upright, slightly ribbed, stiff at the beginning. Lateral branches are directed upwards, form bushes resembling an inverted pyramid in shape. The foliage is divided, lanceolate, with sharp parts along the edges. The color scheme is from light to dark green. Inflorescences are large enough, buds with a diameter of 6 to 14 cm, individual, ordinary, half-double or double, on long, tall peduncles. The flowering period begins in late June and early July. The color palette is monotonous, from pale or saturated lemon, yellow, orange to two-ton.
Species are divided by growth: huge - more than 90 cm high, high - from 60 to 90 cm, low grow up to 40 cm.
Tagetes Rejected Harlequin
Taghetis Rejected "Dainti Marietta"
Very decorative tagetis with simple inflorescences, covering low bushes with a dense carpet. Paprika flower baskets are 2 cm in diameter and have dark red petals with a bright yellow middle.
Beautiful flowering undersized variety with bushes growing no higher than 30 cm. Large inflorescences-baskets 7 cm in size have a rich yellow-red color, which in the bright sun can acquire a brown hue.
High enough (up to 70 cm) bushes will become an adornment of any garden plot. Terry inflorescences have a diameter of 4-5 cm. The variety is noteworthy in that flowers bloom in different tones of red and orange bloom on one plant.
Some interesting facts
- This is an allelopathic plant. Essential oils are used in gardening. Marigolds, planted for several years in the garden, effectively fight soil nematodes parasitizing on plants. The specific smell of marigold discourages harmful insects, rodents.
- Marigold limits weed development. It is recommended to plant them among other crops.
- This is a great predecessor for strawberries. After four months of marigold growth, the number of pathogenic nematodes drops by 90%.
- The odor of a black man is frightened off by ants, aphids, even moles.
- The plant attracts beneficial insects, providing food and shelter for them.
Marigolds, due to the rich content of phytoncides or plant antibiotics, have a strong bactericidal effect, work as an expectorant, thin the secretion of mucus in the respiratory tract, and facilitate its removal. Extracts of fresh herbs have an antiparasitic effect. It is not only beautiful, but also a very useful flower.
A wide variety of marigolds allows you to use them in the design of landscape compositions. Unpretentiousness, high decorativeness and long flowering make tagetis one of the most attractive annual flowering plants.
Tagetes rejected Chika Orange
Tagetis thin-leaved "Tangerine Jam"
Tagetes Rejected "Disco Granada"
Tagetes rejected "Disco Marietta"
Tagetes rejected Safari Yellow Fire
Tagetes rejected "French Dwarf Anemone Durango Bolero"
Tagetes Rejected Hirow Flame
Tagetes rejected by the Dainti Mariet
Tagetes erect "Dune Gold"
Tagetes erect "Dune Orange"
Tagetes erect "Discovery Orange"
Tagetes erect "Inca Orange"
Tagetes erect "Vanilla"
Tagetes rejected "Select Bee"
Tagetes rejected "Select Flame"
Tagetes rejected "Khamenei Select"
Tagetes rejected Select Orange
Tagetes rejected Select Yellow
Tagetes rejected Safari Bolero
Prices for Tagetes (Tagetes) can be seen
Recipes: Tagetes Rejected
The infusion of flowers can be used as a diuretic, diaphoretic and anti-inflammatory agent: 1 tbsp. dry flower baskets pour 200 ml of boiling water, leave for two hours, strain. With a cold, drink 2 tbsp. 3-4 times a day.
To improve metabolism in the body and the state of the liver of 8 flowers, pour 1 liter of boiling water, boil for 3 minutes. on low heat, drain the broth, and pour the flowers again, but now 0.8 l of boiling water, and boil for 5 minutes. Strain and combine both broths, store it in the refrigerator. Drink 200 ml in the morning before meals and in the evening. The course of treatment is a month, a week is a break, then repeat the course. The same decoction can be used externally in the form of lotions for skin diseases.
Familiar to every Tagetes, these elegant regulars of flower beds invariably enjoy enviable popularity. In the genus of the plant, both annuals and perennials are found - in total about 40 species. All of them belong to the Astrovic or Asteraceae family.
The countries of South and Central America are rightly considered the homeland of the Tagetes, where these flowers have been highly valued for their healing properties for centuries. It is significant that tagetes came to Europe in the 16th century and became the first overseas plant to arrive in Russia.
Tagetes is a bushy plant with a height of 20 to 130 cm with a straight or branching stem. The openwork leaves of the plant can be pinnately divided or pinnately dissected and arranged opposite or alternately. The color of the foliage varies from pale green to deep green.
Important - Tagetes are perfectly propagated by self-seeding.
The color of the Tagetes flowers is extremely diverse - from all shades of yellow, orange, red, white, golden to brown. The middle flowers of the Tagetes are tubular and bisexual, and the marginal are false-lingual. The flower is decorated with five stamens, as well as a pestle with two stigmas and a lower ovary.
The flowering of tagetes, as a rule, occurs 40-50 days after germination and pleases the gardeners not only with plenty, but also with a long duration - from June to autumn frosts. The fruit of the plant is a linear achene and contains seeds that germinate well even for 3-4 years.
Types, varieties of tagetes and flower pictures
The species diversity of the Tagetes is extremely large, however, only three species are cultivated and the numerous varieties derived from them are cultivated:
French or stunted, in Latin called Tagetes patula, is a dwarf species with a height of not more than 60 cm, very compact, with a large number of small, up to 8 cm in diameter, double or simple inflorescences on the bush. This species is also called small-flowered or sprawling. The following varieties are popular:
- Carmen - with corrugated petals of double flowers, combining an orange-yellow center and a red-brown frame, about 30 cm high
- Gold Bol - with a red border and a golden yellow core, growth up to 60 cm
- Bonanza Bolero, Flame or Orange - with catchy double flowers with a diameter of 5-6 cm with a bush height of up to 30 cm
A photo. Tagetes rejected
Or in Latin Tagetes tenuifolia - a stand-alone view with original airy lace foliage and a scattering of petals of golden, orange-red and yellow shades. About 70 varieties of this species were bred. Bush growth does not exceed 40 cm. Varieties are popular:
- Ursula - with golden flowers, up to 50 cm high
- Paprika - with a combination of red and orange, 25 cm tall
- Lulu - with yellow-golden flower baskets, about 25 cm high
A photo. Tagetes thin-leaved
or African, in Latin called Tagetes erecta, is a tall variety, the bushes of which reach from 30 to 100 cm in height, and luxurious flowers differ in large size (diameter up to 15 cm), plain color and terry. The varieties of this species that the gardeners have loved:
- Vanilla 70 - with 12-cm cream-white inflorescences and a height of 70 cm
- Kilimanjaro - with extremely terry white spherical flowers and a height of about 70 cm
- Antigua - with golden, orange, lemon yellow or bright yellow flower baskets reaching 15 cm in diameter with a bush growth of about 25 cm
A photo. Tagetes erect
Currently, a huge number of varieties of tagetes are bred - these are terry, and densely terry, and corrugated, and simple, and large-flowered, and small-flowered forms of various colors.
Ancient legends have preserved invaluable information about the extraordinary usefulness of the Tagetes, and modern science has confirmed them. Medicinal flowers are used to get rid of ailments and as an edible culture.
Folk healers use potions from plants to fight diabetes, asthma, stomatitis, inflammation of the pancreas, bronchitis, and the common cold. In addition to medicinal properties, it is important to know about contraindications: women should not use the plant during pregnancy and in case of individual intolerance.
Tagetes is used to treat many diseases.
Many flower growers especially appreciate the original smell of tagetes - spicy, bright, attractive. For this plant they even nicknamed "Imereti saffron." Interestingly, the wonderful aroma comes from foliage rather than from flowers. Various pests are afraid of this smell, so tagetes are often planted next to vegetable crops in the garden.
Attention - If you plant tagetes next to strawberries or other plants, elegant flowers will protect them from pests and fungal diseases.
Sowing seeds directly into the ground
In the prepared area, it is necessary to make grooves with a chopper 5 cm deep with a distance between them from 15 to 40 cm, depending on the variety and size of future plants (information on this can be found on the bag with seeds).
Then you should shed furrows with water and sow the seeds, leaving between them 15-40 cm, and sprinkle them with a thin layer of earth. You can sow seeds and thicker, but it is very likely that after germination you will have to thin out them. After a few weeks, sprouts can be expected.
Tagetes flower care
It is advisable to feed tagetes 2-3 times.
The best place to place tagetes is sunny, so their flowering will be most magnificent. However, these flowers can feel good in any light. - From the direct rays of the scorching sun to the shade. Watering the bright inhabitants of the flower bed requires frequent and plentiful, and after the formation of the first buds - moderate.
If the soil on the flowerbed is not too fertile, 2-3 top dressings per season will not interfere - with a bush height of about 10 cm, at the beginning of budding and at the height of flowering. However, you can do without fertilizer.
It is extremely important to periodically loosen the earth around the bushes and weed weeds - this will help the plants to fully breathe. With rapid growth, you can trim the bushes, giving them a neat shape, while avoiding the removal of buds.
Caution - Withered inflorescences must be removed on time, so as not to delay the development of new buds.
The main methods of breeding tagetes
Tagetes can be propagated not only by seeds, but also by rooting the stem cuttings.
In addition to growing from seeds, there is the possibility of rooting the stem cuttings of tagetes in water or soil. You can also dig up an overgrown bush and divide it into several small plants with a sufficient number of roots and leaves.
Harvesting tagetes and storage
As a rule, experienced gardeners buy tagetes seeds only for the first planting, then collecting them yourself. To do this, wait for the complete drying of several inflorescences on the bush, pick and extract seeds from them in dry weather. Having stored them in a paper or cloth bag in a dark and well-ventilated room, you can sow tagetes in the spring. However, it is important to remember that only three of the four seedlings grown from seeds from a varietal bush inherit parental traits.
To prepare a healing infusion of tagetes, you need to take 1 tablespoon of dry chopped flowers, pour them with 1 liter of boiling water, let it brew for 3 hours, then strain. Take 1 glass 30 minutes before a meal with a course of a month.
Important - Before using home remedies, you must ensure that there are no contraindications and consult a specialist.
Useful properties of tagetes allow you to use its infusion or decoction for soothing baths that relieve anxiety, depression and stress. And in cooking, fragrant flowers have long occupied a worthy place. They are used in salads, pastries, soups, pilaf, sauces, marinades and as a seasoning.
Tagetes is widely used in medicine and cooking.
Taghetes powder, called "Imereti Saffron", is added to the popular Caucasian Satsivi dish. And in France, flower seasoning is produced industrially. If you preserve vegetables with saffron leaves, cucumbers and tomatoes will be extremely fragrant and crispy.
The dried and collected inflorescences from the bushes can be stored and subsequently eat 2-3 pieces before mental work or added to salads. And if you pour a bucket of dried flowers into a compost pit, this will help get rid of midges around it.
As you can see, tagetes is an ideal plant for beginners in floriculture, unpretentious and hardy. However, experienced lovers of beautiful flower beds will enjoy an unusual variety variety, bright caps of inflorescences, openwork foliage, marvelous aroma and useful properties of tagetes.